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Rounding Objective: Round two-digit numbers to the nearest ten. Round three-digit numbers to the nearest hundred. Estimate sums and differences. Estimate products and quotients.

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Vocabulary Rounding redondear* Approximately aproximadamente* Nearest más cercano* Hundreds centenas Place value valor de posición Differences diferencias* Almost casi Close to cerca a Estimation estimación* About how many* aproximadamente cuantos Tens decenas Thousands miles Sums sumas* Reasonable razonable Nearly casi

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Rounding two-digit numbers Redondeando números de dos digitos 26 1.Underline the number in the place value you will round. 2. Look at the number to the right of the underlined number. Two-digit number will be rounded to the nearest ten. 3.If the number to the right is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, then the underlined number stays the same. 4.If the number to the right is 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, then the underlined number needs to go up one more number. RULES FOR ROUNDING 5.Every number to the right of the underlined number becomes a zero. 30 So we can say that the number 26 is closer to 30 than to 20.

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Rounding three-digit numbers Redondeando números de tres digitos 520 1.Underline the number in the place value you will round. 2. Look at the number to the right of the underlined number. Three-digit number will be rounded to the nearest hundred. 3.If the number to the right is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, then the underlined number stays the same. 4.If the number to the right is 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, then the underlined number needs to go up one more number. RULES FOR ROUNDING 5.Every number to the right of the underlined number becomes a zero. 50 So we can say that the number 520 is closer to 500 than to 600. 0

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202630 26 is closer to 30 than to 20. 520600500 520 is closer to 500 than to 600.

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Estimating sums 12 + 8 ------- 12 + 8 ------- First, round all the numbers using the RULES FOR ROUNDING Then, perform the operations. 10 + 10 ------- 10 + 10 ------- 20 20

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Estimating differences 25 - 11 ------- 25 - 11 ------- First, round all the numbers using the RULES FOR ROUNDING Then, perform the operations. 30 - 10 ------- 30 - 10 ------- 20 20

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RULES FOR ROUNDING 1.Underline the number in the place value you will round. 2. Look at the number to the right of the underlined number. 3.If the number to the right is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, then the underlined number stays the same. 4.If the number to the right is 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, then the underlined number needs to go up one more number. 5.Every number to the right of the underlined number becomes a zero.

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Review the vocabulary Rounding redondear Approximately aproximadamente Nearest más cercano Hundreds centenas Place value valor de posición Differences diferencias Almost casi Close to cerca a Estimation estimación About how many aproximadamente cuantos Tens decenas Thousands miles Sums sumas Reasonable razonable Nearly casi

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Now you practice. Round these numbers. 25 78 36 158 689 324 30 80 40 200 700 300

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Practice rounding sums and differences 128 + 42 ------- 128 + 42 ------- 12 + 36 ------- 12 + 36 ------- 25 - 15 ------- 25 - 15 ------- 100 + 40 ------- 100 + 40 ------- 10 + 40 ------- 10 + 40 ------- 30 - 20 ------- 30 - 20 -------

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TAKS Preparation Sample Questions

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The cafeteria is selling ice cream cones for 23¢ and ice cream sandwiches for 48¢. If Ms. Rodriguez buys an ice cream cone and an ice cream sandwich, about how much money will she spend? $1.00 70 ¢ 50 ¢ 25 ¢

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