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#1City. Euskara in Basque cities: Tool, lure and liaison for growth, well- being and identity Iñaki Zabaleta, Ph.D. Professor of Journalism University.

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Presentation on theme: "#1City. Euskara in Basque cities: Tool, lure and liaison for growth, well- being and identity Iñaki Zabaleta, Ph.D. Professor of Journalism University."— Presentation transcript:

1 #1City

2 Euskara in Basque cities: Tool, lure and liaison for growth, well- being and identity Iñaki Zabaleta, Ph.D. Professor of Journalism University of the Basque Country Bilbao

3 Introduction “Basque language, get out; come to the square; come out to the world; come out to dance”. “Teanga na mBascach, a fháil amach; teacht amach ar an chearnóg; teacht amach ar an domhan; teacht amach chun rince”. “Euskera jaldi hadi kanpora; euskara jalgi hadi plazara; euskara jalgi hadi mundura; euskara jalgi hadi dantzara”. Bernard Etxepare (1545, Linguæ Vasconum Primitiæ )

4 Basque language: A modern tool to help Basque cities grow culturally, socially and even economically. Basque language: An accepted liaison among the members of the city to build strength, identity and sense of shareness and intergenerational communication. Basque language: an important lure, enticement for cultural tourism. Main Points

5 Facts: Euskara in Bilbao, Donostia 19812006IncreaseNumber speakers 2006 Population 2006 Bilbao6%24%18%63,000354,000 Donostia26%40%14%74,000185,000 Basque Country 20%28%8%812,0002,9 million 5

6 A model: 1 course in Euskara (Real fluency: 0%) B model: Half (Real fluency: 33%) D model: Almost all in euskara (Real fluency: 68%) Real Fluency in Euskara Bilbao: Age 4-18 50% (0%) 24% (8%) 26% (18%) 26% Donostia: Age 4-18 27% (0%) 31% (10%) 42% (29%) 39% 6 Basque-medium education 2006

7 Commitment: People and institutions. Competence/knowledge: Schools, adult learning Use/performance: Building real community. Visibility: Presence in streets, media, signs. Corpus: Literature, books, etc. Legal status: language policy, Decrees, etc. Vectors of language development

8 New energy: Strengthening of community ties; increasing social vigour. New relations: Increase of relationship among youth and older people. New roles: Older people protagonists again. New leadership: Youth involved in language development acquire leadership experience. Impact of Euskara on city life and people

9 Improvement of economy: Money invested in language remains in city and spreads around. Economic opportunities for youth: New jobs, new revenues, etc. Impact on economy

10 “Oneselfness”: The value of uniqueness and peculiarity by the language. “Brandness”: Euskara helps out generating the Euskadi brand, Basque brand. Euskara in the Guggenheim Museum of Bilbao Impact on cultural tourism

11 Many thanks for your attention Mila esker zuen arretagatik. Míle buíochas do aire. Iñaki Zabaleta 11 Belfast: One City, Conference, May 10-11th, 2012


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