Presentation on theme: "What did the Founding Fathers think about Constitutional Government?"— Presentation transcript:
1UNIT ONE: Philosophical & Historical Foundations of the American Political System
2What did the Founding Fathers think about Constitutional Government? Lesson One:What did the Founding Fathers think about Constitutional Government?
3The Student will be able to . . . Terms:constitution limited Government unwritten constitution constitutional government Parliament written constitution democracy republic forms of governmentThe Student will be able to . . .Describe the diverse features of the early American colonies and state and their populationsExplain what the Founders learned about government from history and their firsthand experiences with governmentDescribe the forms of constitutional governmentsEvaluate, take and defend positions on the sources that should be consulted if a new constitution for the United Sates were being written todayDefend: Are the Founders’ concerns about abuse of government power still valid today?
4Characteristics of Colonial America SizeThe colonies were bigger than England & ScotlandMore than 1,000 miles from north to south of coloniesDiverse BackgroundPuritans to QuakersEconomic Reasons (poor to rich)Different Languages (English, Dutch, French, Germany)Social/Political CulturesHuge estates to family farms (slavery in every colony)Mostly Rural/Trade people
5How did the Founding Fathers learn about government? Greece and RomeAristotle, CiceroThose who govern must be wiseGovernment should help people learn about and perform their civic and moral dutiesDemocracies begin well, but usually end in tyrannyHobbes and LockeHobbes – “State of Nature”Live in conflict/violent. Choose to set up a state to create order out of chaosLocke – “Social Contract”Government should protect “life, liberty and estate”100 Years of self-governmentLocal self-government existed with a remote authority
6What did the Founders learn? Government should be the servant, not the master, of the peopleA fundamental higher law, or CONSTITUTION should limit government
7Forms of government to choose from Every “STATE” must perform 3 functions:1. Deliberate about what is to be done and decide what public policy should beLegislative Function: Deliberating on and Enacting Law2. Perform an executive functionCarry out Public Policy3. Carry Out a Judicial FunctionInterpretation of law are managed and applied to every day life
8Aristotle’s Types of Government Rule ofRight FormCorrupt FormONEMonarchyTyrannyFEWAristocracyOligarchyMANYPolity(mixed constitution)Democracy(when poor take over from the ruling group)
9Mixed Constitutions Polybius: A mix of the types of government Rule of One; Rule of a Few; Rule of the ManyEnglandThe MonarchyParliamentHouse of LordsHouse of CommonsThe ColoniesElected Representatives
10What is a CONstitution?A plan that sets forth the structure and powers of governmentThe power of each instrument of governmentHow the constitution can be changedMost constitutions are written outOnly 3 current democracies DO NOT have a single written out format of their governmentEngland, Israel and New ZealandLimited GovernmentRestraints on governmental powers
11Higher Law The Founding Fathers saw the Constitution as “Higher Law” 1. It sets forth the basic rights of citizens2. It establishes the responsibility of the government to protect those rights3. It establishes limitations on how those in government may use their power with regard to citizens’ rights and responsibilities, the distribution of resources, and the control or management of conflict4. It can be changed only with the consent of the citizens and according to established and well-known procedures
12Lesson Review Get in your STUDY GROUPS Discuss and answer the “Reviewing and Using the Lesson” questions on page 10Each group must be ready to present the answer to a specific question, citing the book, to the class
13Study Groups 1st Period Group One: Tanner, Ari, Mikel, Keziah Group Two: Jacob, Patricia, Joseph, RyanGroup Three: Brittney, Nadia, Nick, ReneGroup Four: Danielle, Drew, Jordan, MichaelGroup Five: Kyle, Montoya, Katrina, EmmaGroup Six: Garrett, Quinn, Scott, Nathan
15Lesson One: reviewIdentify at least three characteristics of the British coloniesWhat important lessons did the founding generation learn from political theory and political history?What is the difference between “LIMITED” and “UNLIMITED” government? Do you think the difference is important? Why or Why Not?What is a “CONSTITUTION?”What is a mixed constitution? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of this type of government?Why is a constitution considered a higher law, and what are the major characteristics of a higher law?According to Aristotle, what are the differences between right and corrupt forms of government?