2Quantitative DesignsQuantitative Research: the investigation of phenomena using statistical, mathematical, or computational techniques. In theory specific and narrow questions are posed and data is collected. This data is analyzed using statistics and hopefully provides an unbiased result that can be generalized to a large population. The researcher seeks themes and patterns that are potentially exclusive to the phenomena.
3Qualitative DesignsQualitative Research is a non-statistical method of analysis and inquiry of social phenomena. It is inductive (bottom-up) and uses interviews, observations, videotapes, and case studies. It examines and interprets social and human behavior many prior to the formulation of a hypotheses. It is also known as field research and identifies why individuals and groups think and act they way they do.
4Mixed Research Designs Mixed Research combines both quantitative and qualitative methods in one overall study. In some types of research there is socially and statistically relevant information that must be processed in order to understand a problem. Many computer science fields such as IS, Project Management, and Disaster Recovery rely just as much on human interaction as statistical or machine performance.
5Two major types of mixed research Mixed Method research uses a quantitative approach for one phase and a qualitative approach for another phase. An example would be conducting an interview with participants to gather an opinion after an experiment has been conducted. One study to would determine what happens while the other determines why it happened.
6Two major types of mixed research Mixed Model research mixes qualitative and quantitative approaches in the same stage or across multiple stages of the research. An example of is a survey containing closed-ended (quantitative) and open-ended (qualitative) questions.
7Advantages of Mixed Research Weaknesses in one method can be compensated for by strength in anotherCan account for a broad range of variables, questions, and hypothesesCover holes in the theoryApproach a topic from more than one point of view (strong inference)
8Advantages of Mixed Research Can triangulate or cross-examine results. Use different methods to produce the same result.Can corroborate previously established results.Can expand a set of resultsCan discover data that may have been missed by using only one designCan identify additional research opportunities
9Disadvantages of Mixed Research It is time consuming and expensiveMust have experience in both quantitative and qualitative researchSpend more time on analysisMay be difficult to combine or interpret dataMust experiment to achieve the correct mix
10How to design your mixed methods research study Before you start:What is your philosophy and theory?Make sure you have sufficient time, resources, and expertiseIdentify why you want or need to use mixed research
11How to design your mixed methods research study When stating the research problem you must be specific about which questions will be assigned to specific methods and state why that method will satisfy the problemCoordinate you data collection activities for each part of your study. Be specific about when the data will be collected, analyzed, the weighting of each section, and how it will be combined.
12How to design your mixed methods research study Collect your dataAnalyze your dataDetermine if the combined approach has addressed the research question(s).If yes continue to final report.If no, consider what the mixed methods produced that was unexpected and try to determine why.
13How to design your mixed methods research study When composing your final report make sure to identify which results were produced by each method and tie them together.
14Types of designsConvergent design: merges quantitative and qualitative data and comparing the resultsSequential design: Obtain the results from one data set from build anotherEmbedded design: insert one design inside of another such as an experiment using individuals and interviews or a questionnaire to uncover the experiences of the participants
15Types of designsMultiphase design: different project using different designs conducted over time and linked together. Frequently one phase is a building block for the next.
16Challenges in Computer Science Frequently computer science research is built on algorithms, computations, machine design, and performance parameters. There are many other facets that deal with human computer interaction, change management, education, software elicitation, and project management that cannot be adequately captured using traditional quantitative computer science methodologies.
17My ResearchOrganizational LiquiditySerious Games
18Mixed Research References Chapter 2, Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research,Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Creswell, J., 2003
19Mixed Research References U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Best Practices for Mixed Methods Research in the Health Sciences, The Nature and Design of Mixed Methods Research, Creswell, et al.,
20Mixed Research References Weaknesses of Mixed Method Design (Onwuegbuzie & Johnson, 2004)