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A T ALE OF T WO S TUDENTS : A NALYSIS OF N EW Y ORK C ITY S CHOOL D ATA & I MPLICATIONS FOR LEA S A ROUND THE C OUNTRY Jennifer Erb-Downward, MPH National.

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Presentation on theme: "A T ALE OF T WO S TUDENTS : A NALYSIS OF N EW Y ORK C ITY S CHOOL D ATA & I MPLICATIONS FOR LEA S A ROUND THE C OUNTRY Jennifer Erb-Downward, MPH National."— Presentation transcript:

1 A T ALE OF T WO S TUDENTS : A NALYSIS OF N EW Y ORK C ITY S CHOOL D ATA & I MPLICATIONS FOR LEA S A ROUND THE C OUNTRY Jennifer Erb-Downward, MPH National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth 26 th Annual Conference Kansas City, MO October 27, 2014

2 P AIR & S HARE Turn to the person sitting next to you and discuss: “How does your work involve educational data (do you collect and report data, do you analyze data, do you use data for policy or advocacy purposes etc.)? “What sources of information on homeless students exist in your community?” “What support or resources would you need to be able to use data on homeless students to strengthen your work?”

3 P ROJECT B ACKGROUND Institute for Children, Poverty & Homelessness Independent non-profit research organization Focus on research that will enhance public policies and programs affecting poor or homeless children and their families Why were we interested in data on student homelessness in NYC? Homelessness is a children’s issue Homelessness is a local issue Homelessness is more than just a housing issue

4 P ROJECT BACKGROUND CONT ’ D ? NYS-TEACHS Publically available NYS data online Aggregated by county Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) NYC DOE data Aggregated by school district or grade Collaboration with the NYC DOE Individual student data

5 W HAT DID WE FIND ? “A TALE OF TO STUDENTS : HOMELESSNESS IN N EW Y ORK C ITY P UBLIC S CHOOLS ” Over 80,000 homeless students in NYC public schools in SY 2012-13. 55% doubled-up 35% in family shelter 10% living in hotels, motels or unsheltered Close to 60% growth in the last six years

6 C HALLENGES IN AND OUT OF CLASS More than 1 in 5 homeless students transferred schools at least once in SY 2011-12. On average, homeless students missed over a month of school (24 days vs. 16 days for all students).

7 C HALLENGES IN AND OUT OF CLASS CONT ’ D A significant proportion of homeless students in NYC have English language learning needs. The proportion is higher among homeless students than all students. Greater disparities are seen in the higher grades.

8 F ALLING BEHIND Homeless students enter school at a disadvantage. Close to 1 in 10 were held back in first grade.

9 F ALLING BEHIND CONT ’ D Homeless students score more poorly on exams. 29% vs. 47% of 3-8 th graders were proficient in reading. 41% vs. 60% of 3-8 th graders were proficient in math. Achievement gap grows as children move through middles school.

10 F ALLING BEHIND Grade retention increases sharply between middle school and high school.

11 F ALLING BEHIND CONT ’ D Graduation outcomes are worse for homeless students.

12 C HANGING THESE TRENDS Increase understanding that homelessness is a children’s issue Use this kind of data to raise awareness and identify points of intervention Use data to support the expansion of programs that we already know can help homeless children After school programs Early childhood education Summer camp Transform schools, shelters and other local institutions to meet the needs of homeless children Schools = Community Schools Family shelters = Community Residential Resource Centers

13 Q UESTIONS AND BREAKOUT SESSION Questions? How does this relate to what you have seen? What is missing or surprising? What other information would be useful? What other questions does this presentation raise? Breakout session

14 D EVELOPING A PLAN : W HO DO YOU NEED TO CONNECT WITH ? Data on Homeless Students in your Community Schools Data Analysts Advocates Shelters Social Service Providers ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

15 B REAK O UT AND R EPORT B ACK : D EVELOPING A P LAN What would I like to know and why? How/where could I get data to answer this question? What skills do I have? What skills do I need? What relationships can I build to access either skills or data? What resources do I have that would be useful to others/that can help me to build these relationships? Once I have the answer to my question, how will I use this information to further my work with homeless students?

16 B EFORE YOU LEAVE What will you do when you get to work on Wednesday to turn this plan into action? Who did you meet today who can help you? Name: Email: Phone number: Final questions or comments?

17 Available on the ICPH website: ICPHusa.org

18 T HANK YOU ! Jennifer Erb-Downward, MPH Principal Policy Analyst 44 Cooper Square, 4 th Floor New York, NY 10003 Jerb-downward@icphusa.org www.icphusa.org (212) 358-8086 x 1213

19 T HANK YOU !

20 NYC’ S H OMELESS P OPULATION IN S HELTER 53,910 homeless people living in shelters 11,275 families, including 23,260 children 16,140 adults (parents) 14,510 single individuals and adult families Families make up almost three-quarters (73%) of the population 80 to 150 families request shelter each day

21 T YPICAL H OMELESS H OUSEHOLDS Race/Ethnicity: 58% Black, 37% Hispanic, 5% Other Age: Most parents (78%) are 21-44 years old 55% of children in shelter are ages 6-17 Family composition: Mother with 1-2 children

22 NYC’ S H OMELESS S TUDENT P OPULATION

23 I MPACTS OF H OMELESSNESS ON S TUDENTS Miss more days of school 24 days vs. 16 days for all students Transfer schools more often 22% of homeless students transfer at least once 18% transfer two or more times Are held back at higher rates 9% of homeless 1 st graders are held back

24 R EADING AND M ATH O UTCOMES

25 H IGH S CHOOL G RADUATION O UTCOMES

26 S ERVICES FOR H OMELESS S TUDENTS After school programs Early childhood education programs Community Schools initiative Community Residential Resource Centers

27 P RESENTATION OVERVIEW Pair & share Presentation of New York City data: A Tale of Two Students: Homelessness in New York City Public Schools Questions Break-out session: developing your plan Report back Next steps


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