62. LandformsUp to recently you were asked to describe the formation of a feature visible on the Irish landscape……….or to describe the surface processes involved in the creation of a feature you studied.These were basically F.E.E.D answers.
7However, it would be wise to note a change in question style. You could be asked to identify a feature from a map first, give a grid reference and then describe how that feature was formed.Simple right?This is causing students to revise more than one or two f.e.e.d.s because you never know what type of map you will get.
8F.E.E.D’s to revise…..Plate tectonics: EarthquakesVolcanoesFold MountainsInternal/External volcanic landformsFolding and faultingGlaciation: CirqueMorainesDrumlinsRivers: WaterfallMeanders and Oxbow lakesDeltasCoastal: Bays and HeadlandsCave/Arch/Stack/Stump/BlowholeBeach
9Other physical topics to revise: Weathering (Physical, Chemical, Biotic)Mass MovementRock types and landscapes (focus on limestone)
10Detailed physical learning Plate tectonics:Explain how a study of plate tectonics helps us understand the occurrence of earthquakes…..or volcanoes…..or fold mountains.Explain how the study of plate tectonics aids our understanding of the occurrence / global distribution of volcanoes or earthquakesSummarise the positive and negative effects of volcanic activity. Refer to examples you have studied.Examine the processes that have led to the formation of any intrusive and extrusive volcanic landform.Examine with reference to actual examples, the measurement and effects of earthquakes.“Plate boundaries are zones where crust is both created and destroyed.” Examine the above statement with reference to examples you have studied.
11Rock types / landscapes / weathering / mass movement: With reference to the Irish landscape, examine the processes which have influenced the development of any landform in a karst region.Examine how humans interact with the rock cycle in the case of oil / gas explorationWith reference to an example you have studied, describe and account for one way in which humans attempt to influence or control natural processes. In your answer refer to one of the following: Fluvial processes, Marine processes, Mass movement.Weathering can be caused by physical or chemical action. Explain this statement, using one physical and one chemical process in detail.Examine with reference to examples from Ireland, the formation of sedimentary rocks.6. Examine with reference to an example you have studied, the formation of one rock type and how it produces a distinctive landscape.
12Glaciation, River, Coastal: 1. Examine, with reference to one of the following, how human activities can impact on surface processes:• Mass movement processes• River processes• Coastal processes2. With reference to an example you have studied, describe and account for one way in which humans attempt to influence or control natural processes. In your answer refer to one of the following:• Fluvial processes• Marine processes• Mass movement3. Effects of isostatic processes in the Irish landscape today. (Isostatic processes involve adjustments to the balance between land and sea. Discuss how these processes have shaped the Irish landscape over time.)4. With the help of a labelled diagram or diagrams, examine the surface processes involved in forming one Irish landform.
14Honours level students: Answer ONE full Physical question.This will include an A, B, C part.Questions 1-3=PhysicalA: 20 marks (usually a sketch, skill, bar chart, matching details)B: 30 marks : detailed answerC: 30 marks: detailed answerOrdinary level students:Answer ONE full Physical question.This will include an A, B, C part.Questions 1-3=PhysicalA: 30 marks (usually a sketch, skill, bar chart, matching details)B: 40 marks : detailed answerC: 30 marks: detailed answer
15Background revisionGeneral revision should include:Processes involved in each chapter of physical geographyExamples of features from each chapterNames of events/dates/theoristsRecognise maps of plate boundaries, rock types, features etcCheck for commonly occuring long and short questions in your papers.Remember what major physical events have occurred in the last year…..tsunamis, volcanic explosions, earthquakes etc etc,