Presentation on theme: "China’s One-Child Policy Sarah LeGare Christina Rhein Jillian Quarne."— Presentation transcript:
China’s One-Child Policy Sarah LeGare Christina Rhein Jillian Quarne
Reasons for Endorsement Population control Regulation of resources Industry Agriculture Science & technology Defense Billboard promoting the One-Child Policy
The Policy: Rules and Guidelines Signing the agreement Special circumstances Birth defects Marriage circumstances Rural vs. Urban Gender of the first born
The Policy: Benefits/Motivations Economic: wage supplements Housing: preference, living space Medical care: free until 14 years Education: priority, free Old age benefits: supplementary pension, standard of living Maternity leave allowance: 54 days with full work pay, nutrition subsidy Sterilization rewards after first child
The Policy: Consequences Gender imbalance Gender inequality Human reproductive rights Mother’s health Forced abortion Involuntary sterilization Carrying family lineage Psychology of children
Violation of the Policy Economic losses Reduction in grain rations Limitation on land and agriculture resources Ineligibility of promotion for 4 years Reduction in wages Medical care and education costs Medical care and education priority
Alternatives Later-Longer-Fewer Policy Later marriage, longer spacing between subsequent births, fewer children The Two Child Policy Free contraception
Political & Ethical Views Western culture views on the policy U.S. stops funding Compare and contrast benefits of U.S. vs. China Only-child treatment and care
Effects on Women Militia force if women do not show up on time for abortion/sterilization High suicide rates Abuse/murder if women is suspected to carry a girl Cultural belief: women thought to determine sex of the baby Women in China riot over one-child policy.
The Big Question After hearing some pros and cons of the policy, do you think it should continue to be enforced in China? Why? Why not?