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Chapter One The Art of Understanding Nutrition. What is Nutrition? The study of foods, their nutrients & other chemical components, their actions & interactions.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter One The Art of Understanding Nutrition. What is Nutrition? The study of foods, their nutrients & other chemical components, their actions & interactions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter One The Art of Understanding Nutrition

2 What is Nutrition? The study of foods, their nutrients & other chemical components, their actions & interactions in the body & their influence on health & disease.

3 I. Nutrition & Health Promotion A. General factors that influence health B. Nutrition factors that influence health C. Degenerative Diseases D. Diet Recommendations

4 A. General Factors that Influence Health Regular, adequate sleep Regularity of meals Regular physical activity Abstinence from smoking Abstinence or moderation in alcohol use Weight control

5 B. Nutrition Factors that Influence Health Malnutrition: any condition caused by an excess, deficiency, or imbalance of calories or nutrients – Undernutrition: severe underconsumption of calories or nutrients leading to disease or increased susceptibility to disease

6 Cont’d – Overnutrition: calorie or nutrient overconsumption severe enough to cause disease or increased risk to disease

7 C. Degenerative Diseases Degenerative Diseases are chronic diseased characterized by deterioration of body organs as a result of misuse & neglect. Environmental, behavioral, social, genetic & dietary factors combine to determine one’s likelihood of suffering from a degenerative disease.

8 Cont’d Disease risk can be altered by changing habits that can be controlled. – Poor eating habits – Smoking – Lack of exercise – Alcohol consumption – Other lifestyle habits

9 The Ten Leading Causes of Death in the United States

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11 D. Diet Recommendations Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition & Health NRC’s Diet & Health Healthy People 2010: National Health Promotion & Disease Prevention Objectives a. Disease-related objectives b. Nutrition objectives c. Food Safety objectives

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13 II. Fast Guide to Eating on the Run Hold the mayo Don’t be fooled with “chicken” & “fish” Frozen yogurt Hold the butter Side salad

14 III. Understanding Our Food Choices A. Appetite vs. Hunger Appetite: the psychological desire to eat, which is not always accompanied by hunger Hunger: the physiological need for food

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16 Cont’d B. Social Influences Availability Income & Food Prices Advertising & the Media Social Groups

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18 Cont’d C. Cultural Influences Traditions Beliefs & Values Cultural Norms Religion

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20 IV. Separating Nutrition Fact from Fiction Reading About Nutrition Common Nutrition Frauds Clues to Quackery Likely Victims How to Find a Qualified Nutritionist

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23 FTC on bogus weight loss claims

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