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Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 1 Section 33.1 Sewing Essentials Section 33.2 Sewing Methods Chapter 33.

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Presentation on theme: "Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 1 Section 33.1 Sewing Essentials Section 33.2 Sewing Methods Chapter 33."— Presentation transcript:

1 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 1 Section 33.1 Sewing Essentials Section 33.2 Sewing Methods Chapter 33 Chapter Sewing Basics 33

2 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 2 Know and learn how to use basic equipment and tools to help you complete almost any sewing project. Sewing is a step-by-step process, from choosing supplies to completing each task. Section 33.1 Sewing Essentials

3 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 3 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary bobbin serger notions selvage grain pattern guide sheet baste alter

4 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 4 Sewing Equipment and Tools Basic sewing equipment includes a sewing machine, a serger, and a few other tools. Most sewing machines have the same basic parts and operate in the same way serger A machine that sews, trims, and finishes a fabric edge in one step

5 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 5 Sewing Equipment and Tools There is a wide range in the complexity of functions sewing machines can perform Essential skills to learn before you use a sewing machine include: wind the bobbin, thread the machine, and choose needles. bobbin A small metal or plastic spool positioned beneath the needle on a sewing machine.

6 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 6 Sewing Equipment and Tools Machine stitches include the regular, basting, reinforcement, and zigzag stitch. A serger sews, trims, and finishes an edge in one step.

7 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 7 Finding Your Size and Pattern Most sewing projects start with choosing a pattern, which contains instructions and paper shapes to guide your project. Have someone help you take your measurements.

8 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 8 Finding Your Size and Pattern The pattern envelope recommends fabrics, how much to buy, and any notions you may need notions The smaller supplies necessary to complete a sewing project.

9 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 9 Choosing and Preparing Fabric Selvages, the finished side edge of the fabric, should line up on the cutting table. Washable fabrics should be washed and dried before using to avoid shrinkage. selvage The finished edge of fabric.

10 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 10 Using a Pattern A pattern guide sheet contains specific instructions for cutting and sewing the project. Symbols and lines on the pattern indicate where to cut the fabric, the placing of buttonholes and pockets, and fold marks. pattern guide sheet A sheet in a sewing pattern that gives specific instructions for cutting and sewing the project.

11 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 11 Using a Pattern Symbols and lines on the pattern indicate where to cut the fabric, the placing of buttonholes and pockets, and fold marks. Most times, you will need to alter a pattern in width or length to fit exactly your body measurement. alter Change.

12 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 12 Using a Pattern Lay out the pattern and position pattern pieces on the fabric carefully before pinning them down. Use sharp shears to cut the fabric. Transfer the key construction systems on your pattern to your garment with a tracing wheel and tracing paper or special pens, tailors chalk, pins, or thread in order to sew accurately.

13 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 13 It is typical to use a basic sewing machine for most sewing projects, then use hand stitching for the finishing steps. You can use basic machine- or hand-sewing skills to make repairs and alterations on clothing. Section 33.2 Sewing Methods

14 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 14 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary staystitching facing dart sew-through button shank button gauge refurbish

15 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 15 Machine Sewing Basic sewing techniques are used for staystitching, directional stitching, seams, facings, and darts. staystitching A row of regular machine stitches through a single layer of fabric. facing A shaped piece of fabric used to finish the raw edge of a garment. dart A triangular fold used to give shape to a garment.

16 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 16 Machine Sewing Staystitching is a row of regular machine stitches through a single layer of fabric. A facing is a shaped piece of fabric used to finish the raw edge of a garment. A dart is a triangular fold used to help shape a garment.

17 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 17 Hand Sewing Some sewing projects require hand stitching, such as hemming. Most fasteners, such as buttons, snaps, and hooks and eyes, need to be attached by hand.

18 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 18 Hand Sewing Buttons may be sew-through, with two or four holes, or a shank button, with a built-in loop for attaching. shank button A button with a built-in loop on the back.

19 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 19 Repairs and Alterations With your sewing skills, you can repair simple tears, make alterations, or sew on buttons. It is best to fix garments before laundering or cleaning them

20 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 20 Chapter Summary Section 33.1 Learning to sew begins with learning to use equipment and tools safely and appropriately. Two major tools are the sewing machine and the serger. Before sewing, you must choose and prepare both a pattern and fabric. Patterns can be altered to customize the fit. Sewing Essentials

21 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 21 Chapter Summary Section 33.2 Basic machine sewing techniques include directional stitching, staystitching, and making seams, facings, and darts. Hand stitches are used for finishing steps, such as hems and fasteners. Sewing Methods

22 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 22 Chapter Summary Section 33.2 With basic sewing skills, you can make many simple repairs. Garments can be altered to change their fit or style. Sewing Methods

23 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 23 Review Start Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions. The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.

24 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 24 bobbin bobina A small metal or plastic spool positioned beneath the needle on a sewing machine. Pequeño carrete de metal o plástico que se pone debajo de la aguja en una máquina de coser. Show Definition

25 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 25 serger máquina fileteadora A machine that sews, trims, and finishes a fabric edge in one step Máquina que cose, recorta y termina el orillo de la tela en un solo paso. Show Definition

26 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 26 notions artículos de mercería The smaller supplies necessary to complete a sewing project. Los artículos pequeños que se necesitan para terminar un proyecto de cocido. Show Definition

27 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 27 selvage orillo de la tela The finished edge of fabric. El borde terminado de una tela. Show Definition

28 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 28 grain veteado The directions in which the lengthwise and crosswise yarns run in a fabric. Las direcciones en que las fibras de una tela corren a lo largo y a lo ancho. Show Definition

29 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 29 pattern guide sheet hoja de patrón A sheet in a sewing pattern that gives specific instructions for cutting and sewing the project. Una hoja que da instrucciones específicas para cortar y coser un proyecto de costura Show Definition

30 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 30 staystitching pespunte (sobrehilado) A row of regular machine stitches through a single layer of fabric. Línea de puntadas de máquina de coser a través de una sola capa de tela. Show Definition

31 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 31 facing revestimiento (forro) A shaped piece of fabric used to finish the raw edge of a garment. Un pedazo de tela con forma usado para Show Definition

32 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 32 dart pinza A triangular fold used to give shape to a garment. Un pliegue triangular que se usa para darle forma a un vestido. Show Definition

33 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 33 sew-through button botón con agujeros A button with two or four visible holes. Un botón con dos o cuatro agujeros. Show Definition

34 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 34 shank button botón caña A button with a built-in loop on the back. Botón que tiene una presilla en la parte de atrás. Show Definition

35 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 35 baste hilvanar Hold pieces of fabric together temporarily. Pegar temporalmente pedazos de tela. Show Definition

36 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 36 alter modificar Change.Cambiar. Show Definition

37 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 37 gauge calcular Measure the distance or size or something. Medir la distancia o el tamaño. Show Definition

38 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 38 refurbish remodelar Repair or renovate.Reparar o renovar. Show Definition

39 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 39 End of Chapter 1 The Amazing World of Food End Of Chapter 33


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