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Patient- and family-centered care is an approach to the planning, delivery and evaluation of health care that is grounded in mutually beneficial partnerships.

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Presentation on theme: "Patient- and family-centered care is an approach to the planning, delivery and evaluation of health care that is grounded in mutually beneficial partnerships."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Patient- and family-centered care is an approach to the planning, delivery and evaluation of health care that is grounded in mutually beneficial partnerships among patients, families, and health care practitioners. It is founded on the understanding that the family plays a vital role in ensuring the health and well being of patients of all ages. The ultimate goal of patient- and family-centered care is to create partnerships among health care practitioners, patients and families that will lead to the best outcomes and enhance the quality and safety of health care. What is Patient- and Family-Centered Care?

3 Four Core Concepts D I G N I T Y A N D R E S P E C T Health care practitioners listen to and honor patient and family perspectives Health care practitioners listen to and honor patient and family perspectives and choices. Patient and family knowledge, values, beliefs and cultural and choices. Patient and family knowledge, values, beliefs and cultural backgrounds are incorporated into the planning and delivery of care. backgrounds are incorporated into the planning and delivery of care. I N F O R M AT I O N S H A R I N G Health care practitioners communicate and share complete and unbiased Health care practitioners communicate and share complete and unbiased information with patients and families in ways that are affirming and useful. information with patients and families in ways that are affirming and useful. Patients and families receive timely, complete and accurate information in Patients and families receive timely, complete and accurate information in order to effectively participate in care and decision-making. order to effectively participate in care and decision-making. PA R T I C I PAT I O N Patients and families are encouraged and supported in participating in care Patients and families are encouraged and supported in participating in care and decision-making at the level they choose. and decision-making at the level they choose. CO L L A B O R AT I O N Patients, families, health care practitioners, and hospital leaders collaborate Patients, families, health care practitioners, and hospital leaders collaborate in policy and program development, implementation and evaluation; in in policy and program development, implementation and evaluation; in health care facility design; and in professional education, as well as in the health care facility design; and in professional education, as well as in the delivery of care. delivery of care.

4 Patient- and Family-Centered Care: Why Is It Needed? “... Care must be delivered by systems that are carefully and consciously designed to provide care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable. efficient, and equitable. Such systems must be designed to serve the needs of patients, and to ensure that they are fully informed, retain control and participate in care delivery whenever possible, and receive care that is respectful of their values and preferences. “ Such systems must be designed to serve the needs of patients, and to ensure that they are fully informed, retain control and participate in care delivery whenever possible, and receive care that is respectful of their values and preferences. “ Institute of Medicine, Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) Institute of Medicine, Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001)

5 Crossing the Quality Chasm 1. Safe – avoiding injuries to patients from care that is intended to help them. that is intended to help them. 2. Effective – providing services based on scientific knowledge to all who could benefit and knowledge to all who could benefit and refraining from providing services to those not refraining from providing services to those not likely to benefit. likely to benefit. 3. Patient-centered – providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values, and ensuring that preferences, needs and values, and ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions. patient values guide all clinical decisions. 4. Timely – reducing waits and sometimes harmful delays for both those who receive and those who give care. 5. Efficient – avoiding waste, in particular waste of equipment, supplies, ideas, and energy. 6. Equitable – providing care that does not vary in quality because of personal characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, geographical location, and socioeconomic status.

6 The real business of health care is about preventing illness, healing those who are ill, meeting the needs of people who must live their lives with disabilities or chronic disease, and helping people in our communities achieve better health. Patient-centered care includes: respect for patients’ values, preferences, and expressed needs; coordination and integration of care; information, communication, and education; physical comfort; emotional support; and the involvement of family and friends. Patient Centeredness

7 R U L E S TO R E D E S I G N A N D I M P R O V E C A R E 1. Care based on continuous healing relationships. Patients should receive care whenever they need it and in many forms, not just face-to-face visits. 2. Customization based on patient needs and values. The system of care should be designed to meet the most common types of needs, but have the capability to respond to individual patient choices and preferences. 3. The patient should be the source of control. Patients should be given the necessary information and the opportunity to choice over their health care decisions.

8 4. Shared knowledge and the free flow of information. Patients should have unfettered access to their own medical information and to clinical knowledge. Clinicians and patients should communicate effectively and share information. 5. Evidence-based decision making. Patients should receive care based on the best available scientific knowledge. 6. Safety as a system property Patients should be safe from injury caused by their care system.

9 7.The need for transparency. The health care system should make information available to the pts and family that allows them to make informed decisions when selecting a health plan, hospital or clinical practice, or choosing among alternative treatments. 8. Anticipation of needs. The health system should anticipate patient needs, rather than simply reacting to events. 9. Continuous decrease in waste. The health system should not waste resources or patient time.

10 10. Cooperation among clinicians. Clinicians and institutions should actively collaborate and communicate to ensure an appropriate exchange of information and coordination of care. Adapted from Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health Care System for the 21 st Century, 2001.

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12 LEAN=Quality Improvement

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19 PATIENT-FAMILY CENTERED CARE TEAM Team Leader: June Sharkey Debbie Kaszycki Minnie Frazier Julie Siggelkow Judy Downey Kate Martin Krista Garner Ray Quintero

20 Project: Opening 2D ICU-Patient Family Centered Care Project: Opening 2D ICU-Patient Family Centered Care Objectives:  To coordinate the flow for the family in 2D ICU  Identify relationship between family, staff and physician (Rounding, Dr. 99 presence, MD discussion w/ families)  Develop a plan for tools to facilitate communication for families including scripting and pt./family literature  Develop standards of care utilizing best practices (EB) for patient family centered care(Pastoral care, social services, Public safety)  Developing protocols for family room utilization (Facility management) Objectives:  To coordinate the flow for the family in 2D ICU  Identify relationship between family, staff and physician (Rounding, Dr. 99 presence, MD discussion w/ families)  Develop a plan for tools to facilitate communication for families including scripting and pt./family literature  Develop standards of care utilizing best practices (EB) for patient family centered care(Pastoral care, social services, Public safety)  Developing protocols for family room utilization (Facility management) Sponsor: Ray Quintero Team Members Team Members Debbie Kaszycki Minnie Frazier Julie Siggelkow Judy Downey Kate Martin Krista Garner Team Members Team Members Debbie Kaszycki Minnie Frazier Julie Siggelkow Judy Downey Kate Martin Krista Garner Sensei: Sonia Bergmann Project Date: November 13-16, 06 Scope: 2D ICU-from initial contact with family and patient to D/C from ICU. Scope: 2D ICU-from initial contact with family and patient to D/C from ICU. CHARTER SUMMARY Champion: Susan Grant Team Leader: June Sharkey

21 Current Family Waiting Area

22 Current Model vs. Family-Centered Approach Historical models of patient care have been organized around the needs of healthcare professionals. Traditional methods of patient care delivery rarely involved family in medical management.  A family-centered approach has been referenced to achieve high levels of quality care and increased patient satisfaction.  Family-centered care encourages a collaborative team approach.  Many aspects of patient and family centered care are cost-efficient and simply require a paradigm shift.  Implementing a family centered approach to care is an ongoing commitment.

23 New Family Waiting Area

24 Accomplishments Lean exercises: Value streams, spaghetti charts, NVA / VA identification. Lean exercises: Value streams, spaghetti charts, NVA / VA identification. Met with various individuals / ancillary staff: Met with various individuals / ancillary staff: Pastoral services, Rollins DD, nutrition, day surgery advocate, ER patient administrative liason, patients’ family members. Pastoral services, Rollins DD, nutrition, day surgery advocate, ER patient administrative liason, patients’ family members. Family Process: Quick Sheet for admission and guidebook. Family Process: Quick Sheet for admission and guidebook. Staff Education for new culture of family centered care. Staff Education for new culture of family centered care.

25 Examples of Accomplishments Rough drafts of admission quick sheet for individual family members as well as for laminated guidebooks to remain in family waiting areas. Rough drafts of admission quick sheet for individual family members as well as for laminated guidebooks to remain in family waiting areas. Generated ideas for the job description of the “family coordinator” Generated ideas for the job description of the “family coordinator” Developed plan for staff education to promote a smooth transition into family-centered care. Developed plan for staff education to promote a smooth transition into family-centered care. Listed ideas for “signage” throughout the “mothership/2DICU” Listed ideas for “signage” throughout the “mothership/2DICU”

26 Team Responsibilities

27 Key Metrics for the Unit Patient & Family Satisfaction Patient & Family Satisfaction ICU Survey ICU Survey Baseline 11/20 through December - Ray & Aaron Baseline 11/20 through December - Ray & Aaron Employee Satisfaction Employee Satisfaction Gallup Poll Survey Gallup Poll Survey Baseline next week and then in Feb & Apr ’07 – Ray & Marilyn Baseline next week and then in Feb & Apr ’07 – Ray & Marilyn Stress Study Stress Study Georgia Tech. TBD Georgia Tech. TBD MD Satisfaction – ICU Admitting Surgeons & Neurologists MD Satisfaction – ICU Admitting Surgeons & Neurologists Obtain a validated survey – Marilyn Obtain a validated survey – Marilyn Family Member time spent with patient Family Member time spent with patient Family sign in/out Family sign in/out Baseline units 2&3 11/20 thru Dec ‘07; Future collection Feb-Apr ‘07 Baseline units 2&3 11/20 thru Dec ‘07; Future collection Feb-Apr ‘07 Julie will create a form Julie will create a form

28 Lessons Learned Family-centered care relies upon COMMUNICATION amongst all members involved in the care of the patient. Family-centered care is a multidisciplinary group endeavor We can change the schematics of an ICU and upgrade with all the fancy stuff in the world but if we don’t upgrade the way we practice, change will never occur for the good of the patient. The LEAN project has encouraged us to network ideas with ancillary staff throughout EUH to successfully merge and create an innovative approach to patient care in the neuroscience ICUs.

29 Expectations The current model of patient care will be transitioned to a family-incorporated approach. The current model of patient care will be transitioned to a family-incorporated approach. May be difficult at first May be difficult at first In-services and continued staff education should assist with integration of family-centered values into the unit’s standards and policies In-services and continued staff education should assist with integration of family-centered values into the unit’s standards and policies Family-Centered care is an ongoing journey. Family-Centered care is an ongoing journey.

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