Presentation on theme: "Sponsored by the Patient-Centered Radiology Steering Committee of the Radiological Society of North America [ Insert organization name ] Rev 2014."— Presentation transcript:
Sponsored by the Patient-Centered Radiology Steering Committee of the Radiological Society of North America [ Insert organization name ] Rev 2014
Overview Why should radiologists be patient-centered? What does it mean to be focused on our patients? How can radiologists be patient-centered? Implementing Patient-centered Radiology: A Case Study and Lessons Learned Resources Discussion [ Insert organization name ]
Why Should Radiologists Be Patient-Centered?
Excerpt from Medical Professionalism in the new millennium: A Physician Charter ABIM Foundation ACP-ASIM Foundation European Federation of Internal Medicine “ Professionalism is the basis of medicine’s contract with society. It demands placing the interests of patients above those of the physician...”
Doctor-Patient Relationship Traditional, built on familiarity and trust The foundation of the place and influence of physicians in society Yet it’s: Weak to non-existent in radiology Glazer GM, Ruiz JA. The State of Radiology in 2006: Very High Spatial Resolution but No Visibility. Radiology. 2006; 241:11-16
Maintenance Of Certification 3 of 6 competencies required for MOC: Interpersonal and communication skills Patient care Professionalism
Radiology Core Assets Independent Integrated subspecialty Whole body knowledge Brand name Use of “state-of-the-art” technology Visual experience with in vivo pathology Disruptive technology threatens value: teleradiology, CAD, tiny ultrasound machines, office CT
Radiology Core Activities Production of images Interpretation of images Distribution of quality imaging studies of patients Alternative providers threat from cardiologists, orthopedists, and others who want to do imaging “Coalition for Patient-Centered Imaging”: American College of Cardiology and about 15 other specialty associations
http://www.acc.org/advocacy/advoc_issues/imaging_021005.htm “ The Coalition represents the undersigned healthcare organizations committed to ensuring that patients have full access to high quality, convenient, and up-to-date imaging technology… organized in response to efforts to limit the availability of imaging services provided in physicians’ offices… such as obstetricians/gynecologists, neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, cardiologists and urologists.” For example, consider this excerpt from the Coalition for Patient-Centered Imaging :
Rise Of The Patient-Centered Medical Home Model Great deal of momentum for reshaping the payment environment around a primary care model: “The Patient-Centered Medical Home” Policies that promote personal, holistic and coordinated care for all will result in better value and improved health Patient-centered “convenience is key” Being pursued by business community, purchasers, payors and patient advocate groups
Patient-centered Primary Care Collaborative Examples of Broad Stakeholder Support and Participation AAMC Annual Meeting Nov 2008
Patient-Doctor Relationship Patient-Centered PRIMARY CARE Collaborative: “A long-term comprehensive relationship with your personal physician empowered with the right tools and linked to your care team can result in better overall family health…” AAMC Annual Meeting Nov 2008
What Patients (And Others) Want Patient-centered care promoted by CMS and many others Metrics exist and are being developed Practice performance is a matter of public record
CAHPS Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems www.cahps.ahrq.gov Health care quality information from the consumer perspective 27-question survey developed and cleared for public use January 2006 Data published beginning of 2008 ABMS incorporated CAHPS patient survey into MOC standards
Some CAHPS Survey Topics Relevant To Imaging Communication with doctors Communication with nurses Responsiveness of staff Discharge information
Important Strategy Insight Postulate: An organization’s strategy cannot succeed unless it is aligned with the industry’s change trajectory. Def: The change trajectory is determined by two threats of obsolescence. McGahan AM. How Industries Change. Harvard Business Review. October 2004
Change Trajectory Politics, medical industry, Internet culture pushing patients toward more self reliance: Payor / physician culture is excessively paternalistic, controls the practice of medicine and patient referral Restricted access Patients distrust system, sense managed costs, not managed care
The End Of Managed Care “By default if not by design, the consumer is emerging as the locus of priority setting in healthcare.” James C. Robinson, Ph.D., M.P.H. Chair, Berkeley Center for Health Technology, University of California, Berkeley The end of managed care. JAMA 2001 May
Change Trajectory Mainstream medicine is becoming consumer driven: High deductible health insurance, HSAs Patients have access to medical information and suggested treatment (WebMD, TV, print ads, etc.) Direct patient marketing by pharmaceutical companies, doctors, hospitals, university medical centers Self-medication with over-the-counter, non-prescription items Self-referral for mammograms, UAE, coronary CTA increasing $50 billion alternative medicine industry
Why We Should Be Patient-centered We are physicians, professionals Maintenance of certification (MOC) requirement We’ve been “invisible” Competition from other specialties Rendered anonymous by our own technology Mainstream medicine’s Patient-Centered Medical Home What patients (and payors) want
What Does It Mean To Be Focused On Our Patients?
Time For A Change “It’s time we adjust our perception of how we see ourselves and, more importantly, how we’re seen by the medical community and general public. We need to vigorously promote ourselves in order to attract referrals from primary care physicians and those patients who are self-referred. We must change the perception that we are consultants only and demonstrate our ability to provide complete patient care.” Neiman HL. ACR Bulletin 2002; 58:6.
Lessons From Colon Screening: Easy appointment access Information content of study “Face Time” with doctor Rapid feedback Reassurance or rapid triage Cost flexibility Transparent pricing and billing Self-reliance… greater degree of control! Patients Want…
Putting Patients First Minimize delays Increase communication Create a welcoming environment of caring, responsive people
How Can Radiologists Be Patient-centered?
Being Visible Meet and greet Discuss results Make the radiologist- as-physician connection with your patients Give radiologists a face and a value as part of the healthcare team
Sick and Scared, and Waiting, Waiting, Waiting By Gina Kolata Published: August 20, 2005 “Freddie Odlum spent two terrible days waiting by the phone for her doctor to call. She had had a CT scan to investigate a suspicious mass in her lungs and Ms. Odlum, a Los Angeles breast cancer patient, was all too aware that if the cancer had spread, her prognosis would not be good. “But her doctor did not call [for several weeks]. … The scan did not show cancer, but she could not forgive her doctor. ‘This internist had been my family doctor for years,’ Ms. Odlum said. … ‘I never spoke to him again.’” Kolata G. (2005). Sick and Scared, and Waiting, Waiting, Waiting. The New York Times.
Sick and Scared, and Waiting, Waiting, Waiting By Gina Kolata Published: August 20, 2005 “Freddie Odlum spent two terrible days waiting by the phone for her doctor to call. She had had a CT scan to investigate a suspicious mass in her lungs and Ms. Odlum, a Los Angeles breast cancer patient, was all too aware that if the cancer had spread, her prognosis would not be good. “But her doctor did not call [for several weeks]. … The scan did not show cancer, but she could not forgive her doctor. ‘This internist had been my family doctor for years,’ Ms. Odlum said. … ‘I never spoke to him again.’” Kolata G. (2005). Sick and Scared, and Waiting, Waiting, Waiting. The New York Times. Patients expect timely results
Lessons Patients Learn From Talking With Radiologists Radiologist as Imaging Expert, Knowledgeable Physician Radiologist as Patient Advocate Radiologist as Gatekeeper Radiologist as Referring Physician
Patient communication can take the radiologist from the back room of doctor-to-doctor consultation to the front office of DIRECT patient-centered care and clinical medicine. Lessons Patients Learn From Talking With Radiologists
Patients Want Results From Radiologists Survey of 261 patients: 92% wanted to be told of normal results 87% wanted to be told of abnormal results Schreiber, et al. American Journal of Radiology 1995; 165, 467-469
Trepidation Of Disclosure Unfounded Majority of test results are normal, or do not indicate life threatening conditions 96% of 287 patients: test normal, or non-malignant condition Vallely SR, Manton Mills JO. Should Radiologists Talk to Patients? British Medical Journal 1990; 300:305-306
In 2003, 1,275,300 newly diagnosed cases of cancer, and 23,345 radiologists Even if every case is diagnosed by a radiologist, that’s one abnormal result per week per radiologist American Cancer Society (http:www.cancer.org) Pasko T, Smart D. Physician Characteristics and Distribution in the U.S. JAMA 2005; 1 Trepidation Of Disclosure Unfounded Radiologists need not be afraid of disclosure!
Patient Letter Example Dear Patient: Thank you for choosing Newport Harbor Radiology Associates. We are the physicians who perform and interpret the procedure you had today. You can be assured that a board certified radiologist, one of our group’s expert sub-specialist physicians, supervised and interpreted your procedure today. The results of your procedure are being forwarded to the physician who referred you for this procedure. If you have any questions, consultation with your physician will be of value. Should you need further clarification, feel free to contact us. Our radiologists are acknowledged experts in their field, some of our doctors having pioneered many of the radiology procedures being performed today. We aim to provide the highest possible level of care in a sensitive and patient oriented environment. We provide consultation not just to your doctor, but to other radiologists and physicians from outside this region, and help educate such physicians in the latest and most appropriate techniques tailored to a given diagnostic and therapeutic need … We staff Newport Imaging Center, and all of Hoag Hospital’s Radiology facilities. If you require a copy of the results for your files, or a copy of the images themselves on CD, please let us know. You can make this request at the front desk or by calling > and our staff will make these arrangements for you. Newport Harbor Radiology Associates offers the most advanced, comprehensive imaging services, radiological studies, and image guided treatments in all of California. To learn more, visit our web site at >>>>. To schedule your next appointment, call >>>>. We look forward to providing imaging services for you again. Sincerely, The Physicians of Newport Harbor Radiology Associates
Voice Recognition And Self-Edit Reporting Accurate, standardized, understandable reports provided in the fastest time possible. Whose responsibility? You are the master of your final product! o Careful editing is required to avoid content and typographical errors o Editing by transcriptionists may be an option for some practices o Templates and standardized reports are helpful Schreiber MH, Leonard Jr M, Youmans Rieniets C. Disclosure of Imaging Findings to Patients Directly by Radiologists: Survey of Patients’ Preferences. American Journal of Radiology 1995; 165:467-469
What Radiologists Need To Do Differentiate your practice Provide great local services Provide personal service
Implementing Patient-centered Radiology: A Case Study & Lessons Learned Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian Newport Beach, California
Background On Hoag Hospital 498-bed acute care not-for-profit hospital JCAHO accredited Designated Magnet Hospital Distinguished Hospital Award for clinical excellence and patient safety 338,000 imaging studies performed in 2008 386 radiology employees and 27 radiologists 7 outpatient imaging centers State-of-the-art Breast Care Center A Case Study
Accuracy Of Appointment Correct exam scheduled? Preparation given to patient? Arrival time and exam time explained? Right time, right location, right preparation? Lost physician orders = Loss in patient confidence A Case Study
Patient Access Outpatients are likely to seek alternate provider if backlog is greater than 2 days Backlogs can drive no-shows No-show rates may be higher than you think Revenue opportunity is significant with backlogs A Case Study
Reception Greeter during peak volumes Manage patient arrivals Improve waiting room environment Invite patients to inquire about delays A Case Study
Measure The Steps… Focus On Sources Of Variability Radiologist speed Workload Number of radiologists on duty Number of transcribers (editors) on duty Track radiologist variables that can lead to overall backlogs and failures Implement voice recognition solution A Case Study
Report Turnaround Times Hoag Hospital report turnaround time = 99% less than 8 hours Best in Class benchmark less than 4 hours o < 8 hours 10% o < 4 hours 15% o < 1 hour 12% o < 5 minutes 63% Data source: Hoag Hospital CPOG report Jan-Dec 2005 A Case Study
Patient Delays And Wait Times You can’t manage what you can’t measure Reduce bottlenecks Apply same rigor to add-on and walk-in patients Patients deserve to know why they are waiting Improve exam start time A Case Study Lessons learned
Understand Your Customer’s Expectations Inform the patient when they should expect their exam results A Case Study Lessons learned
Billing Accuracy: Related To Patient Satisfaction Accuracy of charges: Correct billing is a critical factor in becoming a high performing patient-centered radiology department. Verification of authorization prior to performing exam Check outstanding balances, contact patients for payment prior to visit A Case Study Lessons learned
Notify patients of out-of-pocket payments at time of scheduling Patients deserve to know the cost and quality of the product Increased consumer interest in price shopping will influence choice of facility Billing Accuracy: Related To Patient Satisfaction A Case Study Lessons learned
Change Isn’t Easy… Especially Cultural Change Culture eats strategy for lunch… But good management can change culture And, it’s time for a change! Why?
Radiology As Commodity: Drivers Consumer Driven Care PACS/Teleradiology CAD Demystification of the technology In-office clinician imaging Corporatization of Radiology Internal Factors Volume per FTE: The Time/Money Dynamic Lack of Sub-specialization Nighthawk Radiologist “Culture” (lifestyle, entitlement mentality, addiction to pathological democracy) Imaging services provider RadNet of Los Angeles received a $110 million loan from GE Healthcare Financial Services (Reported in January 2008)
Radiology As Commodity Nighthawk: Removes you from the point of service Delegation of services to faceless provider “Anyone can do this” Devalues work effort Exposes the high margin – promotes price competition
Added Value/Competitive Advantage Of On Site Radiologists Supervision of equipment, choices, discounts Quality control / peer review / JCAHO standards / credentialing Participation in medical staff governance Participation in hospital operations Involvement in strategic planning Attendance at organizational meetings Promotion of services
Position Yourself As The Medical Imaging Expert! Communicate with your referring physicians Use Tumor Boards/interdisciplinary opportunities to embed as an essential member of team We are honest brokers – responsible medical imagers without vested interests. Describe yourself that way
Patients Ask: What’s So Special About Radiologists? Radiologists take a more responsible safety stance toward lifetime radiation dose Radiation dose and patient safety: we know about it, we tell you about it, and we practice it We have the highly specialized training and expertise to know the right test, when to order it, and how to interpret it
Patient-centered Radiology initiative Launched at RSNA 2012 Represents years of evolution of refresher courses, meetings, workshops Overseen by the RSNA Patient-Centered Radiology Steering Committee What Is Radiology Cares ® ?
MODEL OF CARE
www.RadiologyCares.org Radiologist resource for patient-centered care Access to related scientific and consumer media articles and videos Available customizable presentation decks Source to take the Radiology Cares ® pledge in support of patient-centered practices
Resources At Your Fingertips RadiologyInfo.org ImageGently.org ImageWisely.org
An Available Quality Patient Communication Resource: www.RadiologyInfo.org Reassures patients and saves physician time Free, credible radiology information in lay language Over 135 radiologic procedures and disease/condition descriptions Tells your patients what to expect Reviewed by radiologists (RSNA and ACR) Available in both English and Spanish
Enhance Visibility Of Radiologists Get out in front! Post photos of radiologists in hospitals Include radiologists’ signatures on patient reports Give patients your card (with home phone!) Call your patients – make direct referrals
Patient-centered Future Initiatives One-stop registration and scheduling to include Web-enabled appointment access for patients and referring physicians Patient-accessible Web page o Results o Consult with a radiologist All patients requiring radiology services will be able to schedule their appointments (or drop in), have their exam completed and their report available to their physician all within the same working day Patients leave imaging center with results Greater radiologist/patient interaction
Spread The Word About Patient-centered Radiology Meet your patients Contact your referring physicians Convince your radiologist peers about the importance of patient interaction Present this customizable talk to your colleagues
Tell Us Your Stories… Describe clinical scenarios where your patient interaction was meaningful to the patient and the medical outcome Tell us about your successful patient–centered radiology programs. How do you practice it? Send stories and examples to RSNA at email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Presentation Contributors Philip O. Alderson, M.D. Michael Brant-Zawadzki, M.D. Marcy A. Brown, A.R.R.T Carol M. Rumack, M.D. Eric J. Stern, M.D. Joseph H. Tashjian, M.D. Susan D. John, M.D. Harvey L. Neiman, M.D.