Discussion (cont’d) Chapter 6. Discussion (cont’d) language features: Summarize a finding discuss it and connect with the relevant literature Citations (high frequency) Present tense in active voice (high frequency) e.g., This report brings together... From these data it is clear that… Present perfect tense in active voice (high frequency) e.g., This study has confirmed the initial hypothesis … Past simple tense in active voice (high frequency)– to report contextualize the findings in the previous research e.g., This interview study supported the claim made in Kachru (1986) that … Use of modality to express confidence or hedge (i.e., present with caution) the generalizations e.g., These results seem to be in line with … This characteristic may be indicative of … My findings most definitely support ….
Conclusion Chapter 7. Conclusion alternative title: if combined with the Discussion Chapter, Discussion and Conclusion purpose: provide concluding remarks & discuss the implications for further research Language features: Present or past tense in active voice (high frequency) e.g., Given the unprecedented scope of diffusion of English in the world, this study is a timely contribution…. This research empirically confirmed… Modals (high frequency) – to discuss future research e.g., The following aspects need to be more closely investigated.
Resources Some Resources Swales, J. & Feak, C. (2004). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills. 2 nd ed. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Online resources (notice that some of then are UK-based) m