Presentation on theme: "Tuuli Stewart 2013 M Y STUDY IS ORIENTED ON the question, how to re-integrate today’s prisoners (criminal offenders) back to society through entrepreneurialism."— Presentation transcript:
Tuuli Stewart 2013 M Y STUDY IS ORIENTED ON the question, how to re-integrate today’s prisoners (criminal offenders) back to society through entrepreneurialism comparison of our philosophy with Scandinavian model – are there cultural differences that matter how to find and define the ones who are suitable for possible courses, developmental plan, entrepreneurial activity I ARGUE THAT Legal occupation and self-driven income is a cornerstone for societal integration for immigrants as well as for those, who have been relegated from the same society Entrepreneurial activity might be a solution for people, who’s opportunities to be employed legally are limited
W HAT IS THE PROBLEM ? The felons are minority in society who’s number is increasing. Integration capability of those aliens defines the society’s own well- being through numerous channels Our reforms have decreased the number of prisoners, and that’s adorable but the number of people, who hold criminal records is increasing in society Is the problem increasing? (a study about overcriminalization 2010) Illustration: Baltics had more people on 2010 as in previous years in prisons than in the army forces The amount of people with criminal record is abnormal – 55,6% The cost for society rises both as fiscal cost and as social effect Since those numbers mostly reflect young men, their fate is related to children, workforce and health of the society in general W ORKING - AGE PART OF POPULATION OF E STONIA
Tuuli Stewart 2013 It is a mindset that needs to be encouraged for alternatives after release. For all participating parties – the offender, lawmakers, integrators and society M IXED M ETHOD S TUDY Observation – Estonia, Lithuania, Norway… Statistics – Estonian/ EU/ world Interviews - 15 Focus group interviews - 5 Questionnaires - 200 Communication with specialists on the field Analysis of documents L ET ’ S TALK ? Bottom up approach - - - - - - - synoptic model Bottom up approach - - - - - - - synoptic model
Tuuli Stewart 2013 B ALTICS ARE NOT PART OF E UROPE. Y ET RETURN / recidivism in Baltic states: 30% - 2 years 60% - 5 years 90% - 10 years Could we hope to be a part of the Nordic area some day?
Tuuli Stewart 2013 1.What is the connection between Baltics, Europe and Scandinavia through prisons? 2.Are we interested in those people in our prisons? T HIS IS NOT A MAP OF BAD PEOPLE vs GOOD PEOPLE IN E UROPE. T HIS IS A MAP OF STATE POLICIES AND COMMUNAL ACCEPTANCE
Tuuli Stewart 2013 Rate of captives in Europe per 100 000 persons of population Geographical location and traditions in connections fill thrivingly Scandinavian prisons with foreigners. In the last 40 years the number of their local captives hasn’t risen. Rehabilitation and after care programs used in those prisons, however, are designed for integration into local society, ran in local language and are based on local culture and mentality.
Tuuli Stewart 2013 Are those prisoners different people? Domestic Migrants Are they different from other migrants? In which way? Are they migrants? Motivation for crime-free lifestyle / integration. Motivational interviewing and pro-social modeling as a way for learning. Practical help and information. Breaking exclusion, building trust and inclusion. No, this is not a guaranteed road that works on all. Is it worth a try? P REPARATION FOR THE NEW ENTRY INTO SOCIETY
Tuuli Stewart 2013 T HERE IS A MAJOR DIFFERENCE BETWEEN B ALTIC PRISONERS IN B ALTIC PRISONS AND THOSE IN S CANDINAVIAN PRISONS C OMMON PROBLEMS IN L ITHUANIAN AND L ATVIAN PRISONS : Undereducated / under 4 th or 9 th grade Tuberculosis, HIV / Aids Gray prisoners – over 60 years old Chronic health problems due to conditions Certain types of crime – child molesters, wife beaters etc. Addictions / alcohol and drugs C OMMON PROBLEMS AMONG B ALTIC PRISONERS IN N ORDIC PRISONS : Language barriers, incl access to programs Absence of the family and communication Cultural interpretation WORKING - AGE PART OF POPULATION
Tuuli Stewart 2013 R OBIN H OODS ? Many male prisoners from Lithuania and Latvia in Scandinavian prisons are well educated first-times in their prime years, who have young families and quite realistic plans for future compared to the average among prisoners in their home countries This is a well-needed potential in Lithuania and Latvia. Most of them do want to go home, not to stay in Norway or Sweden. Most of them do want to study and find a legal alternative. Estonia and Finland as a destination are different because Estonians are commuters Vilnius prison -- Lukiškių tardymo izoliatorius kalėjimas. Built 1904, active in 2013
W HAT WORKS ? (re)integration of prisoners into society means: 1.Integration from a long term damaging exile 2.In many cases into a new culture, unknown previously So, in terms, it is a migration case You are welcome to ask about the following approaches and programs
Tuuli Stewart 2013 Whatever program is good Nothing works W HAT WORKS IN SOCIALIZATION ? In 1974 D. Lipton, R. Martinson and J. Wilks, using ‘meta-analysis’, assessed all the evaluations of criminal rehabilitation programs between 1945 and 1967. They reached the following conclusion: ‘With few and isolated exceptions, the rehabilitative efforts that have been reported so far have had no appreciable effect on recidivism’. The results of this assessment convinced them that not much seems to work and one program did not seem more effective than another.
Changing Lenses Restorative justice H OWARD Z EHR I have been involved in photography for many years. One of the lessons I have learned is how profoundly the lens I look through affects the outcome. My choice of lens determines in what circumstances I can work and how I see. Tuuli Stewart Vilnius 2013
Tuuli Stewart 2013 We will have to look to alternative ways of viewing both problem and solution. The source of many of our failures, I am arguing, lies in the lens through which we view crime and justice, and that lens is a particular construction of reality, a paradigm. It is not the only possible paradigm.
Tuuli Stewart 2013 Prisoner Learn-acy Public Trust Motive? Respect Legal Administration Consistency Learnacy - ability to learn new information and skills
Tuuli Stewart 2013 Learn- ACY Skills Social, practical Skills Social, practical Knowledge How does it work? Knowledge How does it work? „Language“ Terminology to operate „Language“ Terminology to operate Values, norms Religion Values, norms Religion