2Suicide is less of a wish to die but more of an escape from pain. Message in the BottleSuicide is less of a wish to die but more of an escape from pain.Suicide is a form of communication: healthy communication has broken down.
4Risk FactorsThe first step in preventing suicide and self-injury is to identify and understand the risk factorsRisk factors are not necessarily causes
5Risk FactorsPsychological, environmental, and social factors contributeStrongest risk factors in youth are depression, substance abuse, and previous attempts (NAMI, 2003)Leading risk factor is mental illness (Over 90% of children and adolescents who die by suicide have a least one major psychiatric disorder (Gould et al., 2003).Those with a prior attempt are 38% more likely to complete. We have to say “have you attempted before?”
6Suicide: A Multi - Factorial Event SubstanceUse / AbuseDepressionPersonality Disorder / TraitsImpulsivenessLife StressorsSuicidePsychiatric IllnessFamily History
7Why do people want to end their lives Situations that might contribute to a feeling of hopelessness include:Break-upsFamily problemsSexual, physical or mental abuseDrug or alcohol addictionMental illness, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depressionThe death of a loved oneSchool or work problemsFeeling like you don't belong anywhereAny problem that seems hopeless
8Warning Signs Sending Out An SOS A warning sign is a indication that an individual may be experiencing depression or thoughts of suicide.Most individuals give warning signs or signals of their intentions.Where a risk factor is a predisposition to a problem, a warning sign is an indication that a problem already exists.Stay aware of changes in your students – in their affect, behavior, appearance, and attendance.
9Warning Signs Sending Out An SOS Some examples of warning signs are:Changes in sleep or appetiteIncreased irritabilityDecreased interest in usual activitiesGrim or dark writings or drawingsGiving away of possessionsIncrease in alcohol or drug useIsolationDisplaying extreme mood swings
10SOS Signs of Suicide Student Goals PEEducate students that suicide is not a normal response to stress, but rather a preventable tragedyInform students of the risk associated with alcohol / drug use to cope with feelingsProvide students with specific action steps to take if they are concerned about themselves or othersEncourage peer-to-peer communication about the ACT help-seeking message
11ACT Acknowledge Care Tell Acknowledge that you are seeing the signs of depression or suicide in friend and that it is serious Let your friend know you care about them and that you are concerned that he or she needs to help you cannot provide Tell a trusted adult that you are worried bout your friendAcknowledgeCareTell
12Steps for Averting Suicide Do’sDon’tsDo learn the warning signsDon’t refuse to talk about itDo get involved & be availableDon’t act shocked or outragedDo allow expression of feelingsDon’t be sworn to secrecyDo show interest & supportDon’t offer platitudes or glib answersDo get help from agencies & professionalsDon’t “dare” a suicide person to commit suicideDo remove access to drugs and weaponsNote: Not all children or teens show signs of fatigue or lack of energy when depressed. In some situations, a suicidal teen may actually have an increase of energy or happiness.
13Free Suicide Prevention Smartphone Ap - Warning Signs associated with suicidal behavior - What to do if someone you know appears to be contemplating suicide - Access to Spanish language resources - Access to crisis lines specifically supporting military and veterans communities - Access to crisis lines specifically supporting LBGTQ communities
14Frisco ISD Suicide Prevention Teacher Protocol Do not leave the student unattendedDo not allow the student to go to the restroomTeacher or other faculty member will walk the student to a counselor or administratorIf the teacher is unable to walk the student to the office, call the counselor or the administratorCall the counselor or administrator immediately if the student is not in your class when concern is identified
15Hotline Numbers National Suicide Help Line: , Texas Runaway Help Line: Teen Help Line: TEEN, National Domestic Violence Help Line: SAFE (7233)