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Review on initial conditions that allow for a successful description of the RHIC data on spectra, V2, (as)HBT, etc… Tom Humanic Ohio State University WPCF.

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Presentation on theme: "Review on initial conditions that allow for a successful description of the RHIC data on spectra, V2, (as)HBT, etc… Tom Humanic Ohio State University WPCF."— Presentation transcript:

1 Review on initial conditions that allow for a successful description of the RHIC data on spectra, V2, (as)HBT, etc… Tom Humanic Ohio State University WPCF 08 Krakow

2 Outline Brief description of model --> initial conditions and a few details Comparison of model calculations with RHIC experiments STAR, PHENIX, and PHOBOS Predictions for LHC Pb+Pb

3 Simple superposition-rescattering model for A+A collision A j-th pp collision i-th particle * Superimpose f*A PYTHIA pp events, where f=overlap fraction for impact param. * Assume all particles have the same proper time for hadronization, , so that the hadronization space-time for each particle is given by “causality”, i.e. t i =  E i /m i ; x i = x oi +  p xi /p i ; y i = y oi +  p yi /p i ; z i =  p zi /p i * Perform hadronic rescattering using a full Monte Carlo rescattering calculation Initial p+p “thin disk” of radius r = 1 fm A

4 Other details of the model…. Use PYTHIA v.6409 to generate hadrons for 200 GeV (and 5.5 TeV) p+p “minimum bias” (non-elastic and non- diffractive) events “final” hadrons from PYTHIA to use:   K, N, , K*   ’ Use mult > 20 (38 for LHC) cut on p+p events --> cuts out ~ 20-25% of events and helps dn/d  agree better with PHOBOS 200 GeV/n Au+Au Monte Carlo hadronic rescattering calculation: Let hadrons undergo strong binary collisions until the system gets so dilute (since it is expanding) that all collisions cease. -->  (i,j) from Prakash, etc.. Record the time, mass, position, and momentum of each hadron when it no longer scatters.  freezout condition Take  = 0.1 fm/c for all calculations --> found to agree with Tevatron HBT data (T.J.H., Phys.Rev.C76,2007)

5 Advantages of this model Well-defined initial conditions: PYTHIA for kinematics and causality for geometry Jets are built into the model via PYTHIA so high-pt observables can be studied Initial conditions easily scalable to LHC energies for predictions there Simplicity -- hadrons+geometry+rescattering with a few well-defined parameters Disadvantages of this model Simplicity -- Surely leaves out some early-phase physics, e.g. quark and gluon degrees of freedom Therefore, will be satisfied to get a qualitative description of trends of at least some experimental observables

6 Comparisons with RHIC experiments Made a 90K event 200 GeV/n Au+Au minimum bias run with model --> apply centrality cuts (via multiplicity cuts) and kinematic cuts to this run to make “absolute comparisons” with experiments Comparisons made with published 200 GeV/n Au+Au experimental results: - spectra with PHOBOS, PHENIX and STAR - V2 with STAR and PHOBOS - HBT and as-HBT with STAR - Raa with PHENIX - jet-suppression with STAR

7 Spectra: Model vs PHOBOS, PHENIX, and STAR

8 V2 vs. centrality, pt, and eta Model vs. STAR and PHOBOS

9 V2 vs. pt --> large pt: Model vs. STAR

10 V2 vs pt --> pi, K, p: Model vs. STAR

11  HBT from Model: projections --> qout, qside, qlong

12 Azimuthal  HBT: Model vs. STAR

13  HBT vs. kt: Model vs. STAR

14 Raa vs. pt: Model vs. PHENIX

15 Jet suppression --> dn/d , all charged particles, -0.7<  <0.7 pt trigger>4 GeV/c, pt>2 GeV/c, 200 GeV/n Au+Au Model vs. STAR (minimum bias case) (lines are fits to model points)

16 LHC Pb+Pb predictions from this model Use PYTHIA 5.5 TeV p+p collisions as input Make multiplicity cut on p+p collisions > 38, cuts out ~20% of p+p events (comparable to multiplicity cut used for RHIC Au+Au) Substitute > 208 Make a minimum bias run with model for 800 Pb+Pb events Show predictions for spectra, V2, and HBT

17 Model predictions for spectra, 5.5 TeV/n Pb+Pb

18 Model prediction for V2 vs. pt, 5.5 TeV/n Pb+Pb

19 Model predictions for  HBT, 5.5 TeV/n Pb+Pb

20 Conclusions The present simple hadronic rescattering model qualitatively describes the trends for a range of experimental results for 200 GeV/n Au+Au collisions at RHIC This suggests that the hadronization proper time in these collisions is short, ~ 0.1 fm/c Predictions from this model for LHC Pb+Pb collisions suggest: - dn/d  ~ 1400 for charged hadrons at mid-rapidity for central collisions - V2 may be comparable or somewhat less than that at RHIC -  HBT may give ~ 20-30% higher radius parameters compared to RHIC


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