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LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Married in La Grange, IL Married in La Grange, IL Honeymooned.

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Presentation on theme: "LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Married in La Grange, IL Married in La Grange, IL Honeymooned."— Presentation transcript:

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2 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Married in La Grange, IL Married in La Grange, IL Honeymooned in Orlando, FL Honeymooned in Orlando, FL Purchased “27 acres of prime groveland” in Plymouth, FL just north of Apopka, FL Purchased “27 acres of prime groveland” in Plymouth, FL just north of Apopka, FL Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Carolyn Vokes & Lee MacWithey Married in La Grange, IL Married in La Grange, IL Honeymooned in Orlando, FL Honeymooned in Orlando, FL Purchased “27 acres of prime groveland” in Plymouth, FL just north of Apopka, FL Purchased “27 acres of prime groveland” in Plymouth, FL just north of Apopka, FL

3 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS

4 : One of fastest growing slave states in Union : One of fastest growing slave states in Union 1861: 3 rd of 13 states to secede from the Union (after SC & MS), FL had highest percentage of volunteers-to-available men of any Confederate state. 1861: 3 rd of 13 states to secede from the Union (after SC & MS), FL had highest percentage of volunteers-to-available men of any Confederate state. 1865: FL Governor John Milton told Legislature, "Death would be preferable to reunion.“ Then shot himself. 1865: FL Governor John Milton told Legislature, "Death would be preferable to reunion.“ Then shot himself. 1877: Post-Reconstruction, white Democrats regained control. Jim Crow disenfranchised 200,000/44% state pop. 1877: Post-Reconstruction, white Democrats regained control. Jim Crow disenfranchised 200,000/44% state pop : Altho MS & AL lynched more victims, FL had highest per capita rate of lynchings in country, 40% higher than MS : Altho MS & AL lynched more victims, FL had highest per capita rate of lynchings in country, 40% higher than MS. "Fellow citizens, we cannot escape history." ~ A. Lincoln, 1862 :

5 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS 1901 & 1905: Black residents of Jacksonville organized boycotts to force city to abandon efforts to segregate street car system (ultimately state legislature intevened.) 1901 & 1905: Black residents of Jacksonville organized boycotts to force city to abandon efforts to segregate street car system (ultimately state legislature intevened.) By 1920: FL African-Americans formed The Colored Knights of Pythias, claimed one of every six black men members, required payment of poll tax and vote in 1920 election or face expulsion. By 1920: FL African-Americans formed The Colored Knights of Pythias, claimed one of every six black men members, required payment of poll tax and vote in 1920 election or face expulsion. FL black churches & organizations followed suit -- the first statewide civil rights movement in U.S. history FL black churches & organizations followed suit -- the first statewide civil rights movement in U.S. history Election Day, 1920: Mob violence in Ocoee; & in Perry, 1922; and in Rosewood, Election Day, 1920: Mob violence in Ocoee; & in Perry, 1922; and in Rosewood, 1923.

6 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS : Skyrocketing population, 3x national average 1.9 t0 2.7 million : Skyrocketing population, 3x national average 1.9 t0 2.7 million : 2.7 to 4.9 million, up 161% in 2 decades : 2.7 to 4.9 million, up 161% in 2 decades Growing pains: No reapportionment= 15% of population (in North Florida) elects 50% of State Congress Growing pains: No reapportionment= 15% of population (in North Florida) elects 50% of State Congress 1950s State slogan: “Welcome to Florida, land of good living!”

7 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS 1939: “Strongest realm in the nation.” – Imperial Wizard Testimony before U.S. Congress 1939: “Strongest realm in the nation.” – Imperial Wizard Testimony before U.S. Congress 1951: “More Knights than any other Southern State.” – Imperial Wizard Bill Hendricks 1951: “More Knights than any other Southern State.” – Imperial Wizard Bill Hendricks Most powerful klaverns – Jacksonville, Orlando, Miami & Tampa Most powerful klaverns – Jacksonville, Orlando, Miami & Tampa In Florida, Sunshine & Shadow… Florida KKK

8 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS Organized state NAACP Organized state NAACP Filed first lawsuit in South to equalize black & white teachers’ salaries Filed first lawsuit in South to equalize black & white teachers’ salaries Fought & investigated lynchings statewide Fought & investigated lynchings statewide Founded Progressive Voters League, registered 116,000 black voters (31% of all eligible black voters) – a rate 50% higher than any other Southern State. Founded Progressive Voters League, registered 116,000 black voters (31% of all eligible black voters) – a rate 50% higher than any other Southern State. In Florida, Sunshine & Shadow… Harry T. Moore

9 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS MID-MARCH – Melvin Womack beaten, stabbed and shot in Apopka–Winter Garden Klan stompin’ grounds. MID-MARCH – Melvin Womack beaten, stabbed and shot in Apopka–Winter Garden Klan stompin’ grounds. APRIL – Orlando apartment building bombed over racial designation. APRIL – Orlando apartment building bombed over racial designation. MAY – Imperial Wizard Bill Hendrix “declared war on hate groups” – NAACP, B’nai B’rith, Catholic Church; declared self candidate for governor. MAY – Imperial Wizard Bill Hendrix “declared war on hate groups” – NAACP, B’nai B’rith, Catholic Church; declared self candidate for governor. Spring of 1951 – THE FLORIDA TERROR BEGINS

10 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS JUNE & JULY – In Miami, dynamite explodes at Jewish Community Center. Lit sticks of dynamite thrown onto steps of several Catholic churches. JUNE & JULY – In Miami, dynamite explodes at Jewish Community Center. Lit sticks of dynamite thrown onto steps of several Catholic churches. AUGUST & SEPTEMBER – In Miami, Carver Village Housing Project bombed. In Central Florida, the Apopka Klan attempts to abduct Thurgood Marshall. AUGUST & SEPTEMBER – In Miami, Carver Village Housing Project bombed. In Central Florida, the Apopka Klan attempts to abduct Thurgood Marshall. Summer of 1951 – THE TERROR CONTINUES NAACP Attorney Thurgood Marshall

11 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS OCTOBER 1 – On Rosh Hashana, dynamite sticks, a cross, plus swastikas and the words, “Achtung, KKK!” left at Miami’s Tifereth Community Center. OCTOBER 1 – On Rosh Hashana, dynamite sticks, a cross, plus swastikas and the words, “Achtung, KKK!” left at Miami’s Tifereth Community Center. MID-OCTOBER – Dynamite planted at Miami Hebrew School and Congregation. MID-OCTOBER – Dynamite planted at Miami Hebrew School and Congregation. NOVEMBER 2 – In Orlando, dynamite destroys Creamette Frozen Custard Stand. NOVEMBER 2 – In Orlando, dynamite destroys Creamette Frozen Custard Stand. Fall of 1951 – THE TERROR CONTINUES

12 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS NOVEMBER 6, 1951 While transporting defendants to Tavares courthouse, Lake County Sheriff Willis McCall shoots Sammy Shepherd and Walter Irvin. NOVEMBER 6, 1951 While transporting defendants to Tavares courthouse, Lake County Sheriff Willis McCall shoots Sammy Shepherd and Walter Irvin. Winter of 1951 – THE TERROR CONTINUES

13 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS Sheriff Willis McCall versus versus Defendant Walter Irvin

14 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS NOVEMBER 30 – In Miami, a second blast at Carver Village. NOVEMBER 30 – In Miami, a second blast at Carver Village. DECEMBER 2 – A third blast at Carver Village. DECEMBER 2 – A third blast at Carver Village. DECEMBER 3 – A fourth blast plus… Klansmen to Miami Hebrew School and Congregation. DECEMBER 3 – A fourth blast plus… Klansmen to Miami Hebrew School and Congregation. Winter of 1951 – BACK IN MIAMI Winter of 1951 – BACK IN MIAMI

15 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS DECEMBER 25, 1951 Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore celebrate their 25 th wedding anniversary at home in Mims, FL.

16 THE ENDINGS: The Good Ending? The Good Ending? The Bad Ending? The Bad Ending? The one we’re working on? The one we’re working on?

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18 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS FBI & US DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI & US DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE HATE CRIME: “Crimes motivated in whole or in part by a bias against the victim's perceived race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability.” HATE CRIME: “Crimes motivated in whole or in part by a bias against the victim's perceived race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability.” Report by state, each November Report by state, each November

19 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS U.S. HATE CRIME STATISTICS U.S. HATE CRIME STATISTICS Bias: Race 50.8%, Relig 18.4%, Eth/Nat 13.2% Sexual Orient 16.6%, Disability 1% (1 per hr) 3

20 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS  HATE GROUP: “Active organization whose beliefs or practices attack or malign an entire class of people, typically for their immutable characteristics.” SOUTHERN POVERTY LAW CENTER & U.S. HOMELAND SECURITY

21 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS 2008 ACTIVE US HATE GROUPS 926 active US Hate Groups, up 54% since 2000

22 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS “Since 1997, the state has finished first or second seventimes in the center's annual reports on extremist groups.” “Since 1997, the state has finished first or second seven times in the center's annual reports on extremist groups.” 1 st or 2 nd in nation 7 out of 11 past years. 1 st or 2 nd in nation 7 out of 11 past years. In alternate 4 years, Florida placed 3 rd. In alternate 4 years, Florida placed 3 rd.

23 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS  TOP 8 STATES: CA, TX, FL, SC, NJ/GA, TN & PA.  "The idea of a black man in the White House, combined with the deepening economic crisis and continuing high levels of Latino immigration, has given white supremacists a real platform on which to recruit."

24 LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS In 2004, FL Attorney General, now Governor, Charlie Crist re-opened the Moores murder case. In 2004, FL Attorney General, now Governor, Charlie Crist re-opened the Moores murder case. After an extensive 20- month investigation, Crist identified Earl Brooklyn, Tillman Belvin, Joseph Cox & Edward Spivey as the probable murderers. After an extensive 20- month investigation, Crist identified Earl Brooklyn, Tillman Belvin, Joseph Cox & Edward Spivey as the probable murderers. All four were members of the Apopka Klan. All four were members of the Apopka Klan.

25  In 2004, opening of the Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore Homesite Park in Mims, FL  In 2007, discovery of Harry T. Moore briefcase in barn near home site & recovery of Moore’s historic Civil Rights files  Treasure trove of original historical letters, files, forms and reports LAY THAT TRUMPET IN OUR HANDS

26 NOVEMBER 22, 2009 Evangeline Moore, Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore’s only surviving daughter, cut the ribbon on the replica of her family home in Mims, FL.


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