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AFTER WORLD WAR I, MANY AMERICANS FEARED THAT COMMUNISTS WOULD TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY HOW DID THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT UNDER A. MITCHEL PALMER RESPOND TO.

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Presentation on theme: "AFTER WORLD WAR I, MANY AMERICANS FEARED THAT COMMUNISTS WOULD TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY HOW DID THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT UNDER A. MITCHEL PALMER RESPOND TO."— Presentation transcript:

1 AFTER WORLD WAR I, MANY AMERICANS FEARED THAT COMMUNISTS WOULD TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY HOW DID THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT UNDER A. MITCHEL PALMER RESPOND TO THIS FEAR? – LAUNCED RAIDS AGAINST SUSPECTED COMMUNISTS, SOCIALISTS, AND ANARACHISTS – ARRESTED, JAILED AND DEPORTED SUSPECTED RADICALS

2 AFTER WORLD WAR I, MANY AMERICANS FEARED THAT COMMUNISTS WOULD TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY WHY DID PALMER EVENTUALLY LOSE HIS STANDING WITH THE AMERICAN PUBLIC? – LOOKED FOLISH WHEN HIS RAIDS FAILED TO TURN UP EVIDENCE OF A REVOLUTIONARY CONSPIRACY

3 AFTER WORLD WAR I, MANY AMERICANS FEARED THAT COMMUNISTS WOULD TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY HOW DID THE KU KLUX KLAN RESPOND TO THIS FEAR? – USED IT AS AN EXCUSE TO HARASS ANYONE UNLIKE THEMSELVES INCLUDING AFRICAN AMERICANS, IMMIGRANTS, CATHOLICS, JEWS, UNION MEMBERS, AND INTELLECTUALS

4 AFTER WORLD WAR I, MANY AMERICANS FEARED THAT COMMUNISTS WOULD TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY WHY DID THE KLAN EVENTUALLY LOSE POPULARITY AND MEMBERSHIP? – THE KLAN MEMBERS’ RACIAL VIOLENCE AND CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES TURNED MANY AMERICANS AGAINST THEM

5 PUBLIC OPINION TURNED AGAINST LABOR UNIONS AS MANY AMERICANS CAME TO BELIEVE THAT UNIONS ENCOURAGED COMMUNISM WHY WAS THE STRIKE BY BOSTON POLICE UNPOPULAR WITH THE PUBLIC? – THREATENED PUBLIC SAFETY – APPEARED TO BE AN ACT OF COMMUNISM OR ANARCHISM

6 PUBLIC OPINION TURNED AGAINST LABOR UNIONS AS MANY AMERICANS CAME TO BELIEVE THAT UNIONS ENCOURAGED COMMUNISM WHY DID MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNOR CALVIN COOLIDGE BECOME SO POPULAR? – CALLED THE NATIONAL GUARD TO RESTORE ORDER, LEADING TO THE END OF THE STRIKE

7 PUBLIC OPINION TURNED AGAINST LABOR UNIONS AS MANY AMERICANS CAME TO BELIEVE THAT UNIONS ENCOURAGED COMMUNISM WHY WAS THE STRIKE AT U.S. STEEL UNPOPULAR? – PEOPLE BELIEVED THE STEEL COMPANIES’ PROPAGANDA LINKING STRIKERS AND THEIR LEADERS TO COMMUNISM – VIOLENCE HAD BROKEN OUT, WHICH ALAMRED A PUBLIC THAT WAS STILL IGNORANT OF THE SEVERE WORKING CONDITIONS IN THE MILLS

8 PUBLIC OPINION TURNED AGAINST LABOR UNIONS AS MANY AMERICANS CAME TO BELIEVE THAT UNIONS ENCOURAGED COMMUNISM HOW DID PRESIDENT WILSON RESPOND TO THE STEEL STRIKE? – MADE A WRITTEN PLEA FOR PEACE BETWEEN THE STRIKERS AND STEEL COMPANIES

9 HOW WERE SACCO AND VANZETTI VICTIMS OF THE RED SCARE? THEY WERE ITALIAN IMMIGRANTS BOTH WERE ANARCHISTS BOTH DODGED THE DRAFT DURING WORLD WAR I

10 HOW DID JOHN L. LEWIS IMPROVE THE LIVES OF COAL MINERS? HE ENCOURAGED THE COAL MINERS TO GO ON STRIKE WHEN PALMER GOT A COURT ORDER PUTTING A STOP TO THE STIKE, LEWIS TOLD THE MINERS TO CONTINUE STRIKING AND DEFY THE ORDER STRIKERS GOT A 27% WAGE INCREASE


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