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How Can Personality be Described? Personality ??? A Systems Approach John D. Mayer Based on: Mayer, J. D. (1993-1994). A System-Topics Framework for the.

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Presentation on theme: "How Can Personality be Described? Personality ??? A Systems Approach John D. Mayer Based on: Mayer, J. D. (1993-1994). A System-Topics Framework for the."— Presentation transcript:

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2 How Can Personality be Described? Personality ??? A Systems Approach John D. Mayer Based on: Mayer, J. D. ( ). A System-Topics Framework for the study of personality. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 13, © Copyright 2008 John D. Mayer

3 How Do We Describe Personality Let’s start with the idea that an individual’s personality is a system of some kind… …and a system is any set of interrelated parts. For example: The solar system… The human muscular system… A home’s electrical system… Personality ???

4 What Is Personality? Diverse systems all can be described in a common fashion, in the sense of following a standard outline. To describe a particular system, we typically talk about its Definition and location Parts Organization, and Development Gears in motion

5 How Do We Describe Personality For example, as applied to the solar system… Definition and location: Our solar system includes the sun and the objects bound to it by gravity. Parts: The sun, eight planets, three dwarf planets, more than 100 moons, asteroids, and other objects Organization: The system is organized with the sun at the center, the planets, dwarf planets, and asteroid belt in orbit around it. Development: The system was formed during the gravitational contraction of a pre-solar molecular cloud. Today, planets follow regular paths around the sun at predictable rates. As applied to the solar system, for example… Definition and location: Our solar system includes the sun and the objects bound to it by gravity. Parts: The sun, eight planets, three dwarf planets, more than 100 moons, asteroids, and other objects Organization: The system is organized with the sun at the center, the planets, dwarf planets, and asteroid belt in orbit around it. Development: The system was formed during the gravitational contraction of a pre-solar molecular cloud. Today, planets follow regular paths around the sun at predictable rates.

6 Framework for Studies 1. Identifying Personality What it is; where it is… 2. Personality’s Parts Traits, mental models… 3. Personality’s Organization Structure, dynamics 4. Personality Development Infancy, childhood… When this approach is applied to the personality system, the topics become: I.The Definition and Location of Personality II.Personality’s Parts III.Personality’s Organization, and IV.Personality’s Development Collectively, these four topics can be referred to as the Systems Framework for Personality

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