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1. INTRODUCTION INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN CONCUSION 2.

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Presentation on theme: "1. INTRODUCTION INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN CONCUSION 2."— Presentation transcript:

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2 INTRODUCTION INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN CONCUSION 2

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4 Internal security concerns are multi-faceted Purely military solution remains inadequate There is a need for complimentary and concerted effort from all stakeholders 4

5 New AFP Internal Peace and Security Plan (IPSP) Borne out of a series of consultations and an intensive workshop with stakeholders Planning timeframe: 2011 to

6 Paradigm Shift “Winning the Peace” instead of “Defeating the Enemy” Equal emphasis on combat and non combat dimensions Different parameters of success 6

7 Increasing Involvement of Stakeholders National and Local Government Agencies, NGOs, Civil Society and the entire citizenry A “Whole of Nation Approach” Open Document Stakeholders participation even in the planning process 7

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9 BACKGROUND PURPOSE STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT NATIONAL STRATEGIC GUIDANCE NATIONAL DEFENSE POLICY STRATEGIC ASSUMPTIONS AFP MISSION FOR INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY AFP STRATEGY FOR INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY CONCLUSION 9

10 More than four decades of fighting Commander-in-Chief’s security agenda require a PARADIGM SHIFT 10

11 Guides the AFP in helping the nation attain internal peace and security 11

12 Area of Operations/Interest Significant Characteristics Security Challenges IPS Stakeholders 12

13 Internal Threats Ideology-Based – NPA, MILF, and Misuari Group Terrorists – ASG, JI and other foreign terrorists Auxiliary Threats – Pentagon, Al Khobar, PAGs, others 13

14 External Concerns South China Sea, other Regional Events Other Concerns Environmental Degradation, Disasters, others 14

15 Government NGAs, LGUs, PNP, AFP, others NGOs, POs, and CSOs Filipino People 15

16 Commander-in-Chief Pronouncements Good Governance Delivery of Basic Services Economic Reconstruction and Sustainable Development Security Sector Reform 16

17 Support the thrust of the national government Strategically defeat the NPA Ensure territorial integrity Engage all stakeholders Capability upgrade 17

18 No significant change in external security environment No significant change in policy environment Threat groups continue to resort to armed struggle Threat groups continue to exploit social inequity and political issues 18

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20 End State Threats’ capabilities are reduced to a significant level  That they do not threaten the stability of the state  Civil authorities can ensure the safety and well-being of Filipinos 20

21 Objectives Contribute to the success of the peace process Maintain a professional armed forces Defeat the ASG, JI, and other terror groups Contribute to the resolution of conflicts Contribute to the establishment of conditions for civil authorities to take responsibility for the safety and well-being of the people Support developmental initiatives, environmental protection, disaster risk reduction and management, and law enforcement activities 21

22 Desired Effects Force CNN to abandon armed struggle Compel the MILF to negotiate Defeat of the ASG and other terrorist groups 22

23 WINNING THE PEACE A paradigm shift on how the AFP views its mandate of protecting the people and the state A shift from a predominantly militaristic solution to a people-centered security strategy 23

24 WINNING THE PEACE Military operations to be conducted within the government’s peace strategy A purely military solution cannot adequately address internal challenges to peace The people must be active participants in the pursuit of peace and security 24

25 Whole-of-Nation Approach A natural progression of the “whole-of- government” approach Concerted effort among all stakeholders Shared concept of security by all stakeholders 25

26 Whole-of-Nation Approach AFP to catalyze and facilitate stakeholder involvement Need for a broad peace and security constituency 26

27 People-Centered Approach Within the human security framework Put primacy to human rights Promotes local security and safety based on the needs and realities of communities The primary contribution of the AFP to human security is successfully addressing armed threats through this Plan 27

28 People-Centered Approach For the AFP:  Promote the concept of human security within the institution  Support local capacity building activities to tackle the human security agenda  Mobilize the broadest possible participation of people and communities 28

29 Adherence to HR, IHL, and RoL Involvement of all stakeholders in the pursuit of internal peace and security 29

30 Contribute to the Permanent and Peaceful Closure of all Armed-Conflicts Primacy of the peace process  Employ military capabilities only when necessitated by the security situation  AFP shall adhere to agreements on cessation of hostilities entered into by the GRP 30

31 Contribute to the Permanent and Peaceful Closure of all Armed-Conflicts Support, advocate and participate in the peacebuilding discourse in the country The AFP shall assist in the rehabilitation and reconstruction of conflict-affected areas 31

32 Contribute to the Permanent and Peaceful Closure of all Armed-Conflicts Ensure that the armed group will not be able to use force or the threat of force as leverage at the negotiating table Stand ready to respond and address attempts by armed threat groups to use force to attain political goals 32

33 Conduct of Focused Military Operations Use of force against armed threat groups  Focused on armed components only  Zero tolerance on collateral damage  Within the context of the broader national government peace framework Distinct methodologies for each threat group 33

34 THREAT GROUP DESIRED EFFECTCONCEPT NPA Force to abandon armed struggle Social pressure Developmental activities Sustained combat operations Provide avenues for peaceful return Conduct of Focused Military Operations Distinct methodologies for each threat group 34

35 THREAT GROUP DESIRED EFFECTCONCEPT MILF Compel to negotiate Primacy of peace process Credible deterrence Protect communities from rogue elements Conduct of Focused Military Operations Distinct methodologies for each threat group 35

36 THREAT GROUP DESIRED EFFECTCONCEPT ASGDefeat Isolate Apply military force Conduct of Focused Military Operations Distinct methodologies for each threat group 36

37 Support Community-Based Peace and Development Efforts Actively participate in peace and development initiatives at all LEVELS Deploy Peace and Development Teams to clear barangays Construction of basic social infrastructures. 37

38 Carry Out Security Sector Reform Development of AFP capabilities Professionalism Institutionalization of stakeholders’ involvement Puts the AFP in the moral high ground 38

39 Enhance Mission-Essential Capabilities Improve mobility, firepower and accuracy, communication, survivability, and ability to detect armed threat groups Hone warfighting skills and warrior spirit Inculcate HR, IHL, and Rule of Law 39

40 Improve Inter-agency and Stakeholders Coordination Develop Peace Building Capabilities 40

41 41 Peace and security can be fully achieved through the concerted and united efforts of all stakeholders.

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