4INTRODUCTION Internal security concerns are multi-faceted Purely military solution remains inadequateThere is a need for complimentary and concerted effort from all stakeholdersFor decades, the AFP has been performing the task of ensuring internal peace and security by addressing the armed groups that threaten it. While gains have undeniably been achieved by the AFP, it is widely acknowledged within the military institution and civil society as well that a purely military solution remains inadequate. This is because the security concerns that are being addressed are multi-faceted, with THE armed capability BEING only one of THEIR characteristics. There is therefore a need for complementary and concerted effort from other stakeholders to address the structural issues that fuel insurgencies.44
5INTRODUCTION New AFP Internal Peace and Security Plan (IPSP) Borne out of a series of consultations and an intensive workshop with stakeholdersPlanning timeframe: 2011 to 2016THE NEW AFP INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY PLAN (IPSP) WAS BORNE OUT OF A SERIES OF CONSULTATIONS AND AN INTENSIVE WORKSHOP WITH REPRESENTATIVES FROM CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS, THE ACADEME, AND CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT AGENCIES. THE PLANNING TIMEFRAME FOR THE IPSP IS SIX YEARS, FROM 2011 TO 2016.55
6INTRODUCTION Salient Features Paradigm Shift “Winning the Peace” instead of “Defeating the Enemy”Equal emphasis on combat and non combat dimensionsDifferent parameters of successIn a nutshell, the IPSP is a “paradigm shifT” in how the afp views its internal security operations. it focuses on winning the peace instead of defeating the enemy. it gives equal emphasis on the combat and non-combat dimensions of military operations. of course, it goes without saying that this also calls for the development of additional NON-COMBAT parameters for success.
7INTRODUCTION Salient Features Increasing Involvement of Stakeholders National and Local Government Agencies, NGOs, Civil Society and the entire citizenryA “Whole of Nation Approach”Open DocumentStakeholders participation even in the planning processmoreover, success is hinged on the involvement of all stakeholders as much as on military operations. thus it is an open document—all stakeholders can access the document. in fact, they are involved from the planning phase to the implementation and evaluation phases.
9IPS PLAN BACKGROUND PURPOSE STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT NATIONAL STRATEGIC GUIDANCENATIONAL DEFENSE POLICYSTRATEGIC ASSUMPTIONSAFP MISSION FOR INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITYAFP STRATEGY FOR INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITYCONCLUSIONTHE IPSP IS DIVIDED INTO NINE PARTS, AS SHOWN ON THE SLIDE.
10BACKGROUND More than four decades of fighting Commander-in-Chief’s security agenda require a PARADIGM SHIFTFirst is the Background, which discusses the planning process and the rationale for the new plan. the ipsp is the afp’s contribution to the commander-in-chief’s security agenda which focuses on the people and calls for a multi-stakeholder approach to peace and security.
11PURPOSEGuides the AFP in helping the nation attain internal peace and securityThe second portion is on the Purpose of the Plan. THE IPSP IS THE BROAD PLAN THAT SHALL GUIDE THE AFP AND ITS UNITS IN HELPING THE NATION ATTAIN AND SUSTAIN INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY IN THE NEAR AND MEDIUM-TERM.
12STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT Area of Operations/InterestSignificant CharacteristicsSecurity ChallengesIPS StakeholdersThe third portion deals with the Strategic Environment, specifically the Area of Operations and its characteristics, the characteristics of the strategic environment, internal armed threat groups, and the stakeholders to peace and security.
13STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT Security ChallengesInternal ThreatsIdeology-Based – NPA, MILF, and Misuari GroupTerrorists – ASG, JI and other foreign terroristsAuxiliary Threats – Pentagon, Al Khobar, PAGs, othersINTERNAL ARMED THREAT GROUPS CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO THREE CATEGORIES: IDEOLOGY-BASED GROUPS WHICH INCLUDE THE NPA, MILF AND MISUARI GROUP, TERRORIST GROUPS, REFERRING TO THE ASG, JI AND FOREIGN TERRORISTS, AND AUXILIARY threat groups such as the pentagon gang, al khobar group, and partisan armed groups.
14STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT Security ChallengesExternal ConcernsSouth China Sea, other Regional EventsOther ConcernsEnvironmental Degradation, Disasters, othersOTHER SECURITY CONCERNS, EXTERNAL AND NON-TRADITIONAL, WERE LIKEWISE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION.
15STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT Security Stakeholders GovernmentNGAs, LGUs, PNP, AFP, othersNGOs, POs, and CSOsFilipino PeopleEmphasis is given to security stakeholders. without the participation of all, internal peace and security may prove to remain elusive. key stakeholders are government instrumentalities—national government agencies, local government units, the philippine national police, and the afp; the civil society as represented by civil society organizations, non-government organizations and peoples organizations, and the entire filipino citizenry—the ultimate beneficiaries of internal peace and security.
16NATIONAL STRATEGIC GUIDANCE Commander-in-Chief PronouncementsGood GovernanceDelivery of Basic ServicesEconomic Reconstruction and Sustainable DevelopmentSecurity Sector ReformIn addition to a scan of the environment, the Plan is founded on security policies and guidance from the national government and the defense department. These are discussed in Parts Four and Five. the approach of the current administration’s national security thrust involves four specific elements: governance, delivery of basic services, ECONOMIC reconstruction and sustainable development, and security sector reform.
17NATIONAL DEFENSE POLICY Support the thrust of the national governmentStrategically defeat the NPAEnsure territorial integrityEngage all stakeholdersCapability upgradeas regards the national defense policy, the primary goal of the dnd-afp is to support the thrust of the national government to promote peace and development. thus, the afp shall work towards strategically defeating the npa and ensuring territorial integrity. to do so, the afp is directed to engage all stakeholders. for its part, the defense department PROVIDES the afp WITH THE NECESSARY MEANS in the performance of this mission through capability upgrade INITIATIVES.
18STRATEGIC ASSUMPTIONS No significant change in external security environmentNo significant change in policy environmentThreat groups continue to resort to armed struggleThreat groups continue to exploit social inequity and political issuesPart Six lays down the strategic assumptions of the Plan. first, it is assumed that there will be no significant change in the security environment during the entire period of the plan’s implementation. similarly, it is assumed that there will be no significant change in the policy environment. also, the threat groups shall continue to resort to armed struggle to achieve their political goals. moreover, they will continue to exploit equity and political issues to gain popular support for this armed struggle.
19MISSIONThe AFP conducts support operations to ‘win the peace’ in order to help the Filipino nation create an environment conducive for sustainable development and a just and lasting peace.The AFP Mission for Internal Peace and Security is found in Part Seven, while Part Eight is devoted to the AFP’s Internal Peace and Security Strategy. This briefing shall elaborate on Parts Seven and Eight.The new Plan allows the AFP to give equal attention and focus to its twin roles as protector of the people and protector of the state. In doing so, its efforts shall be focused on the more significant goal of winning the peace, beyond simply defeating the enemy. It is in this light that the AFP’s mission for Internal Peace and Security has been redrawn as “The AFP conducts support operations to ‘win the peace’ in order to help the Filipino nation create an environment conducive for sustainable development and a just and lasting peace.”
20AFP STRATEGY Strategic Intent End State Threats’ capabilities are reduced to a significant levelThat they do not threaten the stability of the stateCivil authorities can ensure the safety and well-being of FilipinosTherefore, the AFP endeavors to reach an end-state where the “capabilities of internal armed threats are reduced to a level that they can no longer threaten the stability of the state and civil authorities can ensure the safety and well-being of the people.”
21AFP STRATEGY Strategic Intent Objectives Contribute to the success of the peace processMaintain a professional armed forcesDefeat the ASG, JI, and other terror groupsContribute to the resolution of conflictsContribute to the establishment of conditions for civil authorities to take responsibility for the safety and well-being of the peopleSupport developmental initiatives, environmental protection, disaster risk reduction and management, and law enforcement activitiesTHIS SHALL BE ATTAINED THROUGH THE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THE FOLLOWING STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES:CONTRIBUTE TO THE SUCCESS OF THE PEACE PROCESS;MAINTAIN A PROFESSIONAL ARMED FORCES SERVING UNDER FIRM DEMOCRATIC CIVILIAN CONTROL;DEFEAT THE ASG, JI AND THEIR ALLIED ARMED THREAT GROUPS’CONTRIBUTE TO THE RESOLUTION OF CONFLICT WITH THE NPA, MILF, AND OTHER ARMED THREAT GROUPS;CONTRIBUTE TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF CONDITIONS FOR CIVIL AUTHORITIES TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE SAFETY AND WELL-BEING OF THEIR CONSTITUENTS; AND,SUPPORT DEVELOPMENTAL, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT, AND LAW ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES.
22AFP STRATEGY Strategic Intent Desired Effects Force CNN to abandon armed struggleCompel the MILF to negotiateDefeat of the ASG and other terrorist groupsthe plan shall utilize effects-based operations that are tailored for each of the armed threat groups. for the npa, the desired effect is that the communist insurgency shall be TO abandon armed struggle and therefore rendering the npa irrelevant. with regard to secessionist groups, the projected national end-state is a negotiated political settlement within the bounds of the philippine constitution. on the other hand, afp INITIATIVES shall be conducted to defeat terrorist groups.
23AFP STRATEGY Strategic Approaches WINNING THE PEACE A paradigm shift on how the AFP views its mandate of protecting the people and the stateA shift from a predominantly militaristic solution to a people-centered security strategyIn order to reach these strategic intents, the IPSP espouses a paradigm shift on how the AFP views it mandate of protecting the people and the state from armed internal security threats. The primary objective shall be to Win the Peace. The Winning the Peace framework is a shift from a predominantly militaristic solution to a people-centered security strategy that is founded on broad-based consultations and engagements with key stakeholders. Beyond the immediate goal of diminishing the armed capability of threat groups, the AFP shall focus on the long-term and more important effects of its military operations on the people and communities, their way of life, and well-being.2323
24AFP STRATEGY Strategic Approaches WINNING THE PEACE Military operations to be conducted within the government’s peace strategyA purely military solution cannot adequately address internal challenges to peaceThe people must be active participants in the pursuit of peace and securityThis means that military operations shall be conducted within the ambit of the government’s peace strategy. This does not mean that the AFP is veering away from internal security operations and its traditional professional specialization of managing violence and the use of legitimate force. The military’s primary role is to address the armed capability of groups who threaten the security and safety of the state, the people, and the communities.a focus on Winning the Peace is likewise an acknowledgment that a purely military solution will never be enough to fully address internal challenges to peace. Unity and harmony of efforts with other stakeholders is essential. Inasmuch as the objective of military operations is not just to protect the state but also to protect the people, the people themselves must be active participants in the pursuit of peace and security. Therefore, to Win the Peace, the IPSP, from its planning to its implementation and evaluation shall be underpinned by two strategic approaches: The Whole of Nation Approach and the People-Centered Approach. These two approaches shall be discussed further.2424
25AFP STRATEGY Strategic Approaches Whole-of-Nation Approach A natural progression of the “whole-of- government” approachConcerted effort among all stakeholdersShared concept of security by all stakeholdersThe Whole of Nation Approach is but a natural progression of the government’s earlier “whole-of-government” approach. The comprehensive definition of security, with focus on the well-being of the people, entails a multi-faceted and multi-pronged approach. The whole of nation approach seeks to bring about a concerted effort among all stakeholders towards national peace and security. It must be clarified that this approach is not just about burden sharing. It is about creating a concept and understanding of security that is shared not just among security forces and government institutions but also with civil society and the communities. This shared responsibility can only emanate from a shared concept of security. a whole of nation approach can only be attained through a sustained multi-stakeholder effort borne out of partnerships with different government institutions, non-government stakeholders such as NGOs and CSOs, and the local communities.I
26AFP STRATEGY Strategic Approaches Whole-of-Nation Approach AFP to catalyze and facilitate stakeholder involvementNeed for a broad peace and security constituencyIN THIS CONTEXT, THE ROLE OF THE AFP IS TO CATALYZE THE INVOLVEMENT OF ALL STAKEHOLDERS AND FACILITATE THE SYNERGY OF ALL OF THESE EFFORTS. IT SHALL ACTIVELY ENGAGE ITS COUNTERPARTS AND PARTNERS IN CONSULTATION AND DIALOGUE, FORGE PARTNERSHIPS, AND BUILD A BROAD PEACE AND SECURITY CONSTITUENCY.
27AFP STRATEGY Strategic Approaches People-Centered Approach Within the human security frameworkPut primacy to human rightsPromotes local security and safety based on the needs and realities of communitiesThe primary contribution of the AFP to human security is successfully addressing armed threats through this Plan People-Centered Approach. A people-centered APPROACH within the frame of human security puts the people’s welfare at the center of military operations. It supports human development and therefore gives primacy to human rights and also explores ways for promoting local security and safety based on the needs and realities of communities on the ground. The successful implementation of this Plan with armed conflicts successfully addressed is the primary contribution of the AFP to human security.2727
28AFP STRATEGY Strategic Approaches People-Centered Approach For the AFP:Promote the concept of human security within the institutionSupport local capacity building activities to tackle the human security agendaMobilize the broadest possible participation of people and communitiesWithin the institution itself, the AFP shall implement measures to enhance the appreciation and understanding of troops on the concept of human security. On the ground, vital components of this Plan’s implementation include supporting local capacity building activities to tackle the human security agenda, mobilizing the broadest possible participation of people and communities to build the constituency for peace, and collaborating with other GOVERNMENT AGENCIES, civil society, business community, and LGUs to pursue the human security agenda.2828
29Strategic Imperatives AFP STRATEGYStrategic ImperativesAdherence to HR, IHL, and RoLInvolvement of all stakeholders in the pursuit of internal peace and securityFor these strategic framework and approaches to lead to lasting and meaningful results, all AFP operations must be guided by two overarching strategic imperatives. The first imperative is Adherence to Human Rights (HR), International Humanitarian Law (IHL), and the Rule of Law (RoL). Second, it is imperative that all stakeholders be involved in the pursuit of internal peace and security.
30AFP STRATEGY Strategic Concepts Contribute to the Permanent and Peaceful Closure of all Armed-ConflictsPrimacy of the peace processEmploy military capabilities only when necessitated by the security situationAFP shall adhere to agreements on cessation of hostilities entered into by the GRPTHESE STRATEGIC IMPERATIVES MUST UNDERPIN THE STRATEGIC CONCEPTS, WHICH ARE DEFINED AS COURSES OF ACTION THAT MUST BE TAKEN BY THE AFP. THE FIRST STRATEGIC CONCEPT IS FOR THE AFP TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE PERMANENT AND PEACEFUL CLOSURE OF ALL ARMED CONFLICTS. THIS TRANSLATES TO ADHERING TO THE PRIMACY OF THE PEACE PROCESS. MILITARY CAPABILITIES SHALL ONLY BE EMPLOYED IF MERITED BY THE SECURITY SITUATION IN AN AREA. EQUALLY IMPORTANT, THE AFP SHALL ADHERE TO AGREEMENTS ON CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES OR SUSPENSION OF MILITARY ACTIVITIES THAT MAY BE ENTERED INTO BY THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN SUPPORT OF PEACE NEGOTIATIONS.
31AFP STRATEGY Strategic Concepts Contribute to the Permanent and Peaceful Closure of all Armed-ConflictsSupport, advocate and participate in the peacebuilding discourse in the countryThe AFP shall assist in the rehabilitation and reconstruction of conflict-affected areasTHE AFP SHALL LIKEWISE ACTIVELY SUPPORT, ADVOCATE, AND PARTICIPATE IN THE PEACEBUILDING DISCOURSE IN THE COUNTRY. IT SHALL HOLD CONSULTATIONS AND DIALOGUE WITH VARIOUS SECTORS IN THE FULFILLMENT OF ITS SUPPORT ROLE IN THE GOVERNMENT’S PEACE THRUST.THE AFP SHALL LIKEWISE PROVIDE SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE IN THE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF CONFLICT-AFFECTED AREAS.
32AFP STRATEGY Strategic Concepts Contribute to the Permanent and Peaceful Closure of all Armed-ConflictsEnsure that the armed group will not be able to use force or the threat of force as leverage at the negotiating tableStand ready to respond and address attempts by armed threat groups to use force to attain political goalsTHIS NOTWITHSTANDING, IT MUST BE EMPHASIZED THAT THE PRIMARY ROLE OF THE AFP IN THE PEACE PROCESS IS TO ENSURE THAT THE ARMED GROUP WITH WHOM THE GOVERNMENT IS TALKING PEACE WITH WILL BE UNABLE TO USE FORCE OR THREATEN TO USE FORCE AS LEVERAGE IN THE NEGOTIATING TABLE. THE AFP STANDS READY TO RESPOND AND ADDRESS ANY SUCH ATTEMPT BY ARMED THREAT GROUPS.
33AFP STRATEGY Strategic Concepts Conduct of Focused Military Operations Use of force against armed threat groupsFocused on armed components onlyZero tolerance on collateral damageWithin the context of the broader national government peace frameworkDistinct methodologies for each threat groupTHE SECOND STRATEGIC CONCEPT INVOLVES THE AFP’S CONDUCT OF FOCUSED MILITARY OPERATIONS AGAINST ARMED THREAT GROUPS. UNDER THIS CONCEPT, THE AFP SHALL APPLY THE LEGITIMATE USE OF FORCE. MILITARY OPERATIONS SHALL FOCUS ON THE ARMED COMPONENTS ONLY OF INSURGENT GROUPS. THESE SHALL BE CONDUCTED WITH ZERO TOLERANCE FOR COLLATERAL DAMAGE AND MUST COMPLEMENT THE EFFORTS OF OTHER STAKEHOLDERS IN ADDRESSING THE ROOTS OF THE CONFLICT. MOREOVER, MILITARY OPERATIONS SHALL BE CONDUCTED WITHIN THE AMBIT OF THE GOVERNMENT’S BROADER PEACE FRAMEWORK AND SHALL SEEK TO COMPLEMENT THE INITIATIVES OF CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES IN ADDRESSING THE ROOT CAUSES OF CONFLICT.
34Strategic Concepts Conduct of Focused Military Operations THREAT GROUP Distinct methodologies for each threat groupTHREAT GROUPDESIRED EFFECTCONCEPTNPAForce to abandon armed struggleSocial pressureDevelopmental activitiesSustained combat operationsProvide avenues for peaceful returnIT IS LIKEWISE EMPHASIZED THAT THE AFP SHALL USE DISTINCT METHODOLOGIES FOR EACH THREAT GROUP.FOR THE COMMUNIST INSURGENCY TO ABANDON ITS ARMED STRUGGLE, IT IS CRITICAL THAT THE ENTIRE CITIZENRY APPLIES SOCIAL PRESSURE ON THE NPA AND IMPRESS UPON THEM THAT THE USE OF FORCE TO ACHIEVE POLITICAL GOALS IS NOT ACCEPTABLE TO THE PEOPLE. AS A COROLLARY TO THIS, THE AFP SHALL FOSTER CLOSER RELATIONS WITH THE CITIZENRY. NON-COMBAT DEVELOPMENT-FOCUSED MILITARY ACTIVITIES SHALL BE CONDUCTED TO SHOW THREAT GROUPS AND STAKEHOLDERS ALIKE THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS SINCERE IN ADDRESSING THE ROOTS OF CONFLICT. THESE SHALL BE COMPLEMENTED WITH SUSTAINED, DELIBERATE, ACCURATE, AND PRECISE MILITARY COMBAT OPERATIONS. IT MUST BE EMPHASIZED THAT THE INTENSIFIED AND RELENTLESS PURSUIT OF THE NPA IS INTENDED TO EXHAUST THEIR ARMED CAPABILITIES AND DIMINISH THEIR WILL TO FIGHT. THEREFORE, FOR GUERILLAS WHO CHOOSE TO TURN AWAY FROM THE ARMED STRUGGLE, AVENUES FOR THEIR PEACEFUL RETURN TO MAINSTREAM SOCIETY SHALL BE LAID DOWN.
35Strategic Concepts Conduct of Focused Military Operations Distinct methodologies for each threat groupTHREAT GROUPDESIRED EFFECTCONCEPTMILFCompel to negotiatePrimacy of peace processCredible deterrenceProtect communities from rogue elementsIN ADDRESSING THE MILF, THE AFP SHALL ADHERE TO THE PRIMACY OF THE PEACE PROCESS. IN SUPPORT OF GOVERNMENT EFFORTS UNDER THE PEACE PROCESS, THE AFP SHALL MAINTAIN A CREDIBLE DETERRENT POSTURE WHILE MAINTAINING ITS READINESS AND WILLINGNESS TO USE LEGITIMATE FORCE TO ADDRESS ATTEMPTS BY THE MILF TO PROVOKE OR INITIATE ARMED HOSTILITIES. IT SHALL LIKEWISE NOT HESITATE TO UNDERTAKE FOCUSED MILITARY OPERATIONS TO PROTECT COMMUNITIES FROM ROGUE ELEMENTS OF THE MILF WHO RESORT TO ATROCITIES.
36Strategic Concepts Conduct of Focused Military Operations Distinct methodologies for each threat groupTHREAT GROUPDESIRED EFFECTCONCEPTASGDefeatIsolateApply military forceAFP INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY EFFORTS SHALL BE UNEQUIVOCAL IN DEFEATING TERRORIST GROUPS. THE ASG SHALL BE ISOLATED ON FOUR FRONTS. FIRST, IT SHALL BE DEPRIVED OF MASS BASE SUPPORT. SECOND, ITS TIES WITH OTHER DOMESTIC THREAT GROUPS SHALL BE SEVERED TO PREVENT THEM FROM RADICALIZING THESE GROUPS AND SEEKING SANCTUARY WITH THEM. THIRD, THEIR LINKS WITH FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS SHALL ALSO BE SEVERED TO STEM THE ENTRY OF RESOURCES AND TECHNICAL CAPABILITIES. LASTLY, THEY SHALL BE DENIED OF FOREIGN SUPPORT AND INFLUENCE. ONCE THE TERRORIST GROUP HAS BEEN EFFECTIVELY ISOLATED, MILITARY FORCE CAN BE APPLIED WITH PRECISION AND REDUCED COLLATERAL DAMAGE.
37AFP STRATEGY Strategic Concepts Support Community-Based Peace and Development EffortsActively participate in peace and development initiatives at all LEVELSDeploy Peace and Development Teams to clear barangaysConstruction of basic social infrastructures.AS FOR THE THIRD STRATEGIC CONCEPT, THE AFP SHALL SUPPORT COMMUNITY-BASED PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS AT ALL LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT. IN DOING SO, AFP SPECIAL OPERATIONS TEAMS SHALL TRANSITION TO PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT TEAMS. THESE TEAMS SHALL BE AT THE FOREFRONT OF SECURING AND BRINGING PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT TO CONFLICT-AFFECTED COMMUNITIES. THE AFP SHALL ALSO CONTRIBUTE IN SUSTAINING COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES THROUGH THE CONSTRUCTION OF BASIC SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE.
38AFP STRATEGY Strategic Concepts Carry Out Security Sector Reform Development of AFP capabilitiesProfessionalismInstitutionalization of stakeholders’ involvementPuts the AFP in the moral high groundFOURTH, THE AFP SHALL CARRY OUT ITS OWN INITIATIVES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GOVERNMENT’S SECURITY SECTOR REFORM (SSR). AFP SSR EFFORTS SHALL BE GEARED TOWARDS ITS CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT, THE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF ITS RANKS, AND INVOLVEMENT OF STAKEHOLDERS IN AFP INITIATIVES. IT MUST BE EMPHASIZED THAT BY UNDERTAKING THE NECESSARY REFORMS, THE AFP STANDS TO INCREASE ITS INSTITUTIONAL EFFICIENCY AND IS ABLE TO TAKE THE MORAL HIGH GROUND IN ITS FIGHT AGAINST ARMED THREATS TO INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY.
39Capabilities for Internal Peace and Security AFP STRATEGYCapabilities for Internal Peace and SecurityEnhance Mission-Essential CapabilitiesImprove mobility, firepower and accuracy, communication, survivability, and ability to detect armed threat groupsHone warfighting skills and warrior spiritInculcate HR, IHL, and Rule of LawTO ENABLE THE AFP TO ADAPT TO THE PARADIGM SHIFT, THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGIC MEANS OR THE NECESSARY CAPABILITIES IS IN ORDER. PRIMARILY, MILITARY CAPABILITIES OR MISSION-ESSENTIAL CAPABILITIES MUST BE ENHANCED FOR THE AFP TO IMPOSE THE DESIRED EFFECTS ON THE DIFFERENT THREAT GROUPS WHILE AVOIDING COLLATERAL DAMAGE. THE AFP SHALL SEEK TO IMPROVE ITS MOBILITY, FIREPOWER AND ACCURACY, COMMUNICATION, SURVIVABILITY, AND ABILITY TO DETECT ARMED THREAT GROUPS. THE AFP SHALL continue to HONE WARFIGHTING SKILLS AND the WARRIOR SPIRIT OF OUR SOLDIERS AND AT THE SAME TIME INCULCATING IN THEM HUMAN RIGHTS, INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW, AND THE RULE OF LAW.
40Capabilities for Internal Peace and Security AFP STRATEGYCapabilities for Internal Peace and SecurityImprove Inter-agency and Stakeholders CoordinationDevelop Peace Building CapabilitiesTO COMPLEMENT THESE CAPABILITIES, THE AFP MUST LIKEWISE DEVELOP THE ABILITY FOR INTER-AGENCY AND STAKEHOLDERS COORDINATION IN ORDER TO FULLY IMPLEMENT ITS WHOLE OF NATION APPROACH TO INTERNAL PEACE AND SECURITY. LASTLY, SOLDIERS MUST BE TRAINED AS PEACEBUILDERS, WITH THE CAPACITY FOR THE PRE-EMPTION AND MANAGEMENT OF ARMED VIOLENCE AS WELL AS CONTRIBUTE IN THE RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS.
41IPS PLANConclusionPeace and security can be fully achieved through the concerted and united efforts of all stakeholders.in sum, while it is true that the philippines has long been saddled by diverse threats to its internal peace and security, it is equally true that these challenges can be fully addressed and peace and security achieved through the concerted and united efforts of all stakeholders. the ipsp is the afp’s contribution to this national aspiration.