Presentation on theme: "Drill #13: 4/29/2013 Using your previous knowledge, define the following and provide an example of each: Producer Consumer Decomposer."— Presentation transcript:
1 Drill #13: /29/2013Using your previous knowledge, define the following and provide an example of each:ProducerConsumerDecomposer
2 SWBATExplain the processes involved in the water cycle, carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle.Define ecology and the levels of organization on our planet.Identify the producers and consumers in a food chain or web.
3 Agenda Turn in Project Notes on Levels of Organization Complete Nutrient Cycling WS and turn in today.Complete Levels of Organization and Food Web Worksheet for tomorrow.
4 EcologyThe study of the interactions between living and nonliving thingsBiotic-living parts of the environmentEx. Plants, animals, fungi, protist and bacteriaAbiotic-nonliving parts of the environmentEx. Air, water, chemical and physical conditions, light, temperature
5 Ecology Cont.Every organism depends on biotic and abiotic components to surviveWhen biotic or abiotic components change, the species has to adapt or it will die out
6 InterconnectednessAll organisms interact with other organisms in their surroundings and abiotic factorsSurvival of one is dependent on another
7 Levels of Organization in Ecology OrganismPopulation-includes all the members of a species that live in one place at one time
8 Levels of Organization in Ecology Cont. Community-all of the different populations that live and interact in the same areaOnly biotic factorsEcosystem-includes all communities in an area, as well as abiotic factors
9 Levels of Organization in Ecology Cont. Biome: A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and distinctive plant and animal communities.DesertDeciduous ForestGrasslandChaparralTaigaTundraMountainsTropical RainforestSavanna
10 Levels of Organization in Ecology Cont. Biosphere-all the parts of the Earth that support and contain life
11 Major Roles of Organisms in an Ecosystems Define the terms producers (autotrophs) and consumers (heterotrophs).Color the organisms in the foodweb according to the key.Answer the analysis questions.
13 Drill #14: 4/30/13 Define the term biogeochemical cycle. Identify one reason why each of the following is important to living things:WaterCarbonNitrogen
14 Drill #14: 4/30/13 Define the term biogeochemical cycle. A pathway by which an element or molecule moves through both biotic and abiotic compartments of Earth. Ex. chem nutrient cyclesIdentify one reason why each of the following is important to living things:WaterCarbonNitrogen
15 SWBATExplain the processes involved in the water cycle, carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle.Identify the producers and consumers in a food chain or web.Draw an energy pyramid and explain what happens to energy and you go up the pyramid
18 Food WebsFood webs show the transfer of energy from one trophic level (feeding or nutrient level) to anotherMade up of food chainsArrows in the food web represent energy flow (the arrow points to the organism doing the eating, therefore the direction of energy flow)
22 Square #1 Define each of the following: Biotic Factor Abiotic Factor Limiting FactorCarrying Capacity= living factors= nonliving factors= factors influencing population numbers= maximum population supported by an environment
23 Square #2Chose one, 4-organism food chain from this food web and write the names of the organisms using arrows to show energy flowLabel the organisms as producers, primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers.
24 Square #3 1 10 100 1,000 Producer Primary Consumer The pyramid at the right represents energy. Label each level with the name and type of organism from your food chain.If 10% of the total energy consumed is incorporated into the next level, write the amount of energy in each level if the bottom level starts at 1000 calories.Tertiary Consumer1SecondaryConsumer10Primary Consumer100Producer1,000
25 Square #4 What happens to the energy as you go up the pyramid? Why? 1 The 10% Rule:Tertiary Consumer1Organisms lose energy as they…grow, eat, move, etc.ENERGYSecondaryConsumer10Primary Consumer100The energy is turned into heat energy and is lost to the environment!Producer1,000
26 Drill #15: /1/13Look at the photos below and name the ecological level. Why did you pick that level?
27 SWBAT Identify the producers and consumers in a food chain or web. Explain what happens when predator or prey populations fluctuate in an ecological community.
28 Agenda Finish Ecology Interactive Notes Deer: Predation or Starvation WorksheetFood Web Activity Worksheet
29 EXTENSION QUESTION!A pyramid is a good shape for the energy flow diagram because it shows the reduced calories available at each trophic level…What else do you think gets reduced as you work your way up through the trophic levels?
31 Square #5 List the biotic and abiotic factors in this forest ecosystem
32 Square #6List five factors that would be limiting factors in this forest ecosystem
33 Squares #7 + #8Answer the following questions in complete sentences:Predict what would happen to the members of the food chain if pollution from factories killed significant numbers of the primary consumers.Predict what would happen if a better-adapted secondary consumer were to move into the ecosystem.If humans built homes that decreased the habitat of this ecosystem, how would the carrying capacity be affected? Why?Draw food chains on the board: producer primary consumer secondary consumer tertiary consumer
34 Wrap upDescribe what type of relationships exist between the coyote, the grounds squirrel, and the badger.
35 Exit Ticket BCRInterdependence in nature is illustrated by the transfer of energy through trophic levels. Use the forest food chain you developed to answer the following:Explain how energy is obtained at each trophic level by the different organisms (consumer, producer, etc).Describe the efficiency of energy transfer between trophic levels and discuss how the amount of energy available at each trophic level affects the structure of the ecosystem.If the plant material contained a commercially produced toxin, what would be the likely effects of this toxin on this food web? Explain.