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Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I. 876.758.3903 (f) 876.758.3905 www.ciboj.org Market Requirements as it relates to Pesticides Residues.

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Presentation on theme: "Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I. 876.758.3903 (f) 876.758.3905 www.ciboj.org Market Requirements as it relates to Pesticides Residues."— Presentation transcript:

1 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Market Requirements as it relates to Pesticides Residues 1.Risk Criteria Gusland McCook – 2. Traceability in the productive chain Gail Nelson- October 2006

2 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) OBJECTIVES To understand the issue of Pesticide Residues from a global perspective To understand the issue of Traceability as it relates to food safety Participants to formulate their own strategy in informing their stakeholders

3 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) DANGERS OR HARM FOR WHOM?

4 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) WHO DEFINES THE RISK CRITERIA OF A PESTICIDE? 1. World Health Organization WHO/- FAO Oral and skin toxicity criteria for the operator, toxological classification 2. Multi-lateral Agreements Toxological criteria for operators, health (internal) & the environment 3. Certifications & Seals Toxological criteria for the operator, health (internal) & the environment, based on multi-lateral agreements (2.) 4. Importer countries of coffee Criteria for Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) according to national law

5 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) World Health Organization / WHO - FAO Oral & dermal t oxicity criteria for the operator CLASSLD50 for mg/kg body weight ORALDERMAL SOLIDSLIQUIDSSOLIDSLIQUIDS Ia.Extremely dangerous5 or less20 or less10 or less40 or less Ib.Highly dangerous5 – 5020 – – – 400 IIModerately dangerous50 – – – – 4000 IIISlightly dangerous > 1000> 4000 IV> 2000> 3000 Risk example, a person of 132 lbs (60 kg) With 5 mg/kg oral solid ~ 0.3 grams (50% probability) With 40 mg/kg dermal liquid ~ 2.4 grams (50% probability)

6 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Aldicarb Captafol Disulfoton Ethoprophos Terbufos Dichlorvos Carbofuran Oxamyl Warfarin 1. World Health Organization/ WHO - FAO Oral & dermal toxicity criteria for the operator Ia. Ib.

7 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) ,4-D, Paraquat, Chlorpyrifos, Cypermetrina, Cyflutrina, DDT, Deltametrina, Endosulfan, Tetraconazole, 1. World Health Organization/ WHO - FAO Oral & dermal toxicity criteria for the operator II.

8 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) MULTI-LATERAL AGREEMENTS ROTTERDAM AGREEMENT/PIC = Prior Informed Consent VIGILANCE AND CONTROL OF DETERMINED DANGEROUS CHEMICAL PRODUCTS. PAN (Pesticide Action Network UK / PAN UK) NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL ACTIONS ON HEALTH TOPICS, ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT, TO ELIMINATE THE RISKS OF PESTICIDES. ESTOCOLMO AGREEMENTS / POPs = Persistent Organic Pollutants → May CHEMICALS: 8 PESTICIDES; 7 PESTICIDES SET FOR ELIMINATION. LRTAP AGREEMENT = Long-range Trans-boundary Air Pollution → 1998 / EUROPE 11 PESTICIDES, 2 INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS, 3 BY-PRODUCTS OR CONTAMINANTS (

9 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Take the toxicity criteria of the operators health (internal) and the environment for: PAN UK initiative ( “Dirty Dozen”). WHO groups Ia. & Ib. It is a voluntary adherence of the farm for certification or seal. 3. Certification Seals

10 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Certification & Seals

11 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Certifications & Seals

12 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Maximum Limit Residues Criteria (MRL) in food (coffee, cereals, milk, honey, etc) Definition & control by the health authorities of the importer countries Protection of the health of the consumers (food- safety) 4. Importer countries

13 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) THE CASE OF JAPAN BACKGROUND An alert came from Japan on the presence of pesticides residues in coffee green bean coming from Latin American countries in New law on pesticides residues in prime alimentary and food materials (29 May 2006) 4. Importer Countries

14 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) THE HEALTH AUTHORITIES POSITION IN JAPAN Japanese law on the Regulation of Agro-chemicals (Article 1-2, Paragraph 1): fungicides, insecticides & other chemical products for the control of pests. In green bean coffee, they have defined maximum residues levels (MRLs) for approximately 140 listed pesticides. The health authorities take samples in Japanese ports. This procedure will be done with all food products and prime feeding materials which enters a Japanese port. 4. Importer Countries

15 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Concepts in the MRLs - “Tolerance” Maximum quantity of residues of a pesticide, on a determined product and which has been admitted by eating legislation for their commercialization, which can cause damage to the health of the consumer. MRL’s expressed in “ppm” = Parts Per Million 1 ppm1 gram= = 1,000,000 g1000 kg2,200 lb 0.1 ppm0.1 gram=1 gram= 1,000,000 g10,000 kg22,000 lb 0.01 ppm0.01 gram=1 gram= 1,000,000 g100,000 kg2,200,000 lb 4. Importer countries

16 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Item (English) MRL ( ppm ) 1 1- NAPHTHLENEACETIC ACID …0.1 24CHLORPYRIFOSLorsban, … CYFLUTHRINBaythroid, Solfac, Tempo, CYPERMETHRINArrivo, Nurelle, Ripcord, … CYPROCONAZOLEAlto?? DELTAMETHRIN 、 TRALOMETHRIN Decis2 43 DICHLORVOS 、 NALED DDVP, OKO, …0.2 55ENDOSULFANThiodan0.1 78GLYPHOSATERoundup, generics,…1 80HEXACONAZOLEAnvil PARAQUATGramoxone, generics, … TERBUFOSCounter, generics, … WARFARINRacumin0.001 ANNEX 3 – Positive List Japan The list of maximum residue limits (MRLs) for pesticide in green coffee beans 4. Importer countries

17 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) THEREFORE, WHAT LINE SHOULD WE FOLLOW? 1. World Health Organization/ WHO- FAO Oral and dermal toxicity criteria for the operator, toxological classification. 2. Multi-lateral country agreements toxicity criteria for the operator, health (internal) & the environment 3. Certifications & Seals Toxicity criteria for the operator, health (internal) & the environment 4. Importer countries of coffee Maximum Residue Levels (MRL’s) by national laws

18 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) REGISTRATION & DOCUMENTATION

19 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) TRACEABILITY IN THE COFFEE CHAIN

20 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Traceability: It Begins & Ends WHAT IS TRACEABILITY? “ It is the aptitude to determine the history, use or localization of an entity through the means of registered identifications” (ISO 8420)

21 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) The objective of traceability is that the chain of provision is visible from the farm up to the consumer It will improve the image and the characterization of the products It favours commercialization. Security of the consumers.

22 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) WHY DO WE NOW SPEAK SO MUCH ABOUT TRACEABILITY?  Demands from consumers (1996, mad cow disease).  Commercial treaties  Food Security Policies: “food safety” (case of Japan).  Responsibility of all the players within the supply chain of a product (coffee).  Fulfillment of the security conditions that are necessary to offer to the consumers (food safety).

23 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) NECESSITIES In order for us to have traceability in our processes/products it is fundamental to establish a series of steps: Traceability requirements: Individual identification of all the parties in the complete process. Systematization in the process of data capture (Registration). Access to information that is clear and dependable in order to respond to any complaint.

24 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) TRACEABILITY ¨LOOKING AHEAD¨ & ¨LOOKING BACK¨ What? : Record the arrival or destination of the product. To Whom?: Record from whom you have received or to whom you have sent product. When?: Record the date on which the product was received or sent. Information: Record some information of traceability which helps to decrease risk for both producer and consumer.

25 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Data from the Process: Records of the pesticides programme, records of the operations and practices in the coffee management. Information on the Product: characteristics of the region, harvesting period, climatic conditions during production. Data of Origin: General data of the farm, intermediaries, mixtures. Commercial data: Data from the exporter, type & quality, quantity & presentation, etc. INTERNAL TRACEABILITY

26 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Primary Production Wet and Dry Pulping Exportation Processing CRITICAL POINTS FOR CONTROL IN ORDER TO AVOID PESTICIDES RESIDUES

27 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Primary Production RECOMMENDATIONS TO PREVENT PESTICIDES RESIDUES Preventative Measures: Use pesticides only when you are not able to apply other control measures efficiently. Select the appropriate pesticides for use. Use only pesticides recommended for the cultivation.

28 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) Wet and Dry pulping RECOMMENDATIONS TO PREVENT PESTICIDES RESIDUES Preventative Measures: Ensure that coffee is adequately washed. Clean all vehicles in which coffee is to be transported. Avoid storing coffee in places close to agri- chemicals. Avoid the use of pesticides when coffee is in storage.

29 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) RECOMMENDATIONS TO PREVENT PESTICIDES RESIDUES Exportation Preventative Measures: Review the cleaning records and the place of arrival of cargos. Monitor voluntarily so as to verify that pesticides residues do not exceed the MRLs, indicated by the standards of the importer countries.

30 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f) WHAT PURPOSE DOES THE DOCUMENTATION AND REGISTRATION PROCESS SERVE? Improves Credibility. React to a residue problem, among other things. Create a database. Demonstrate that you have put attention to a particular risk, in a form to avoid it or to eliminate it. Facilitate accreditation processes. Records must be simple and verifiable

31 Willie Henry Drive P.O. Box 508 Kingston, Jamaica, W.I (f)


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