Presentation on theme: "Homework: Assignment 4 for tomorrow"— Presentation transcript:
1 Homework: Assignment 4 for tomorrow Consider: Where are “power centers” in Congress?Homework: Assignment 4 for tomorrow
2 Congressional Organization: Leadership, Committees and CaucusesChapter 6Unit 4: AP Government and PoliticsHomework for Tuesday:Assignment 4
3 The Organization of Congress Organization is closely tied to parties;Basic division – majority vs. minority partiesNot a single organization or institution, really, but a complex collection of organizationsIn Congress, party is just one of many elements of powerLeadership, Caucuses and Committees also factor inBe able to identify key “power centers” in CongressParty leadersCommitteesCaucuses
4 LeadershipHow are the following positions influential (or not so much)?Speaker of the HouseHouse is more rule-oriented, gives Speaker more power than counterpart in SenateElected by whole house; but really by majorityGreat influence on legislation; power has changed over US historyNext in line after VP for the presidencyMinority leader, whipsMajority Leader of the SenateLess formal, fewer members = less power for leadershipHarder to “whip”President of the Senate (VP, or Pro Tempore)Contrast with Speaker; how/why are they different?
6 CommitteesWhy are standing committees such a significant source of power in Congress?Other types of committees?Select, joint, conference, sub…Committees that choose committee assignments:Committee on Committees, Steering CommitteesWhy are these powerful?ChairpersonHow is the chairperson chosen?Why is the chairperson influential?MembershipUsually divided to the same ratio as party membership in the particular house60/40 Republican in the House, 60/40 in House committeesGetting on the right committee is very important for members
8 Caucuses – Cmo’sThe term “congressional Member organization” refers to a group of Members who join together in pursuit of common legislative objectives and register the organization with the Committee on House Administration.In many instances, Members assign personal staff (including shared employees) under the Member’s control to assist the CMO in carrying out its legislative objectives.Any informal group of House Members who wish to use personal staff to work on behalf of an informal Member group, discuss their membership in the group in official communications, or mention their membership on their official House website must register the group with the Committee on House Administration as a CMO.There are no registration requirements in the Senate.**from the Congressional Research Service (CRS)
9 Types of caucuses Party – still the largest Intraparty – share a similar ideology (e.g., Democratic Study Group, Blue Dogs)Personal Interest – common interest in an issue (environment, social issues, etc.)Constituency – to represent certain groups (African-Americans, women), regions or bothCongressional Black Caucus; most members have been liberal; JC watts refused to join as a conservativeCaucuses continue because of their ability to help members achieve personal goals of policy, representation and power.
10 What type are each of these Caucuses? House Afterschool CaucusTea Party caucusNew DemocratCongressional caucus on UgandaUnexploded Ordinance CaucusDelaware River Basin Task ForceFriends of Switzerland Caucus