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ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS Reading Across the Disciplines, 5/e Kathleen McWhorter “Good order is the foundation of all things.” by Edmund Burke Copyright.

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Presentation on theme: "ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS Reading Across the Disciplines, 5/e Kathleen McWhorter “Good order is the foundation of all things.” by Edmund Burke Copyright."— Presentation transcript:

1 ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS Reading Across the Disciplines, 5/e Kathleen McWhorter “Good order is the foundation of all things.” by Edmund Burke Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

2 Organizational Patterns Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

3 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1: Recognize definition What is the definition pattern? Copyright © by Pearson Education, Inc.

4 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1: Recognize definition To visualize the definition pattern, see diagram below. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

5 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1: Recognize definition TRANSITIONS FOR THE DEFINITION PATTERN Genetics is … bureaucracy means… patronage refers to … aggression can be defined as … deficit is another term that… balance of power also means… Copyright © by Pearson Education, Inc.

6 Which of the following is the best meaning of the definition pattern? A.It shows similarities and differences. B.It presents a sequence of events. C.It introduces new terminology and their meanings. D.It groups items into different groups or categories. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

7 Which of the following is the best meaning of the definition pattern? A.It shows similarities and differences. B.It presents a sequence of events. C.It introduces new terminology and their meanings. D.It groups items into different groups or categories. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

8 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 2: Recognize classification What is the classification pattern? Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

9 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 2: Recognize Classification You can visualize the classification pattern as shown below. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

10 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 2: Recognize classification Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

11 Which of the following is a true statement about the classification pattern? A.It divides a broad topic into its major categories. B.It presents information in a particular sequence or order. C.It expresses a relationship between two or more actions, events, or occurrences that are connected in time. D.Its ideas are organized in a pattern that expresses order. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

12 Which of the following is a true statement about the classification pattern? A.It divides a broad topic into its major categories. B.It presents information in a particular sequence or order. C.It expresses a relationship between two or more actions, events, or occurrences that are connected in time. D.Its ideas are organized in a pattern that expresses order. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc..

13 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence What is the order or sequence pattern? Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

14 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. You can visualize the chronological order pattern as follows:

15 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

16 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Process is the pattern that focuses on procedures, steps, or stages. Transitional words and phrases often used in conjunction with this pattern are similar to those used for chronological order. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

17 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence You can visualize the process pattern as follows: Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

18 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Order of Importance–Ideas are organized in a pattern that expresses order of priority or preference. Ideas are arranged in one of two ways: from most to least important, or from least to most important. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

19 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

20 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Spatial Order–Information is organized according to its Physical location, or position or order in space, exhibits a pattern that is known as spatial order. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

21 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3: Recognize order or sequence Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

22 Which of the following is not one of the order or sequence pattern? A.chronology B.spatial order C.order of importance D.generalization Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

23 Which of the following is not one of the order or sequence pattern? A.chronology B.spatial order C.order of importance D.generalization Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

24 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 4: Recognize cause and effect What is the cause-and-effect pattern? Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

25 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 4: Recognize cause and effect You can visualize the cause and effect pattern as follows: Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

26 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 4: Recognize cause and effect Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

27 Which of the following is not a transition for the cause- and-effect pattern? A.leads to B.consequently C.in addition D.results in Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

28 Which of the following is not a transition for the cause- and-effect pattern? A.leads to B.consequently C.In addition D.results in Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

29 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 5: Recognize compare and contrast What is the compare and contrast pattern? Copyright © by Pearson Education, Inc.

30 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 5: Recognize compare and contrast You can visualize the compare and contrast pattern as follows: Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

31 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 5: Recognize compare and contrast Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

32 Which of the following is a transition for the compare and contrast pattern? A.first, second, third B.because, consequently, as a result C.similar, different, unlike D.in fact, in other words Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

33 Which of the following is a transition for the compare and contrast pattern? A.first, second, third B.because, consequently, as a result C.similar, different, unlike D.in fact, in other words Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

34 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 6: Listing/enumeration What is the listing/enumeration pattern? Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

35 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 6: Listing/enumeration You can visualize the listing/enumeration pattern as follows: Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

36 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 6: Listing/enumeration Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

37 Which of the following is the best definition of the listing/enumeration pattern? A.The writer makes a statement of fact, then proceeds to clarify or explain that statement. B.The writer gives bits of information on a topic by stating them one after the other in no particular order. C.The writer often introduces an idea or makes a statement and then supply additional information about that idea or statement. D.The writer presents a condensed statement that provides the key points of longer pieces of text. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

38 Which of the following is the best definition of the listing/enumeration pattern? A.The writer makes a statement of fact, then proceeds to clarify or explain that statement. B.The writer gives bits of information on a topic by stating them one after the other in no particular order. C.The writer often introduces an idea or makes a statement and then supply additional information about that idea or statement. D.The writer presents a condensed statement that provides the key points of longer pieces of text. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

39 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 7: Mixed patterns What are mixed patterns? Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

40 Which of the following essay questions would be developed using a mixed pattern? A.Compare and contrast factors that caused the United States’ involvement in the Revolutionary War and the Civil War. B.List seven steps for effective public speaking. C.Define Stockholm Syndrome. D.Discuss the three types of prisons. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

41 Which of the following essay questions would be developed using a mixed pattern? A.Compare and contrast factors that caused the United States’ involvement in the Revolutionary and the Civil War. B.List seven steps for effective public speaking. C.Define Stockholm Syndrome. D.Discuss the three types of prisons. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

42 LEARNING OBJECTIVE 8: Other patterns of organization What are other patterns of organization? Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

43 Which of the following makes a statement of fact and then proceeds to explain it? A.definition B.chronology C.statement and clarification D.addition Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

44 Which of the following makes a statement of fact and then proceeds to explain it? A.definition B.chronology C.statement and clarification D.addition Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

45 Summary list of patterns and transitions Copyright © 2012 by Pearson education, Inc.

46 Summary list of patterns and transitions Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

47 Summary list of patterns and transitions Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

48 Fill in the blank with the correct pattern of organization from the box below. effect definition cause contrast mixed pattern statement/ comparison classification summary enumeration clarification addition summary example chronological list spatial order 1._______is the pattern of organization that shows the writer is giving an instance of a general concept to illustrate a point. 2._______gives the meaning of new words, concepts, or terminology. 3.The ________pattern presents details in no particular order, such as characteristics, features, parts or categories. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

49 Fill in the blank with the correct pattern of organization. 4.________ shows how two or more ideas are alike or similar. 5.________ shows how two or more ideas are unlike or dissimilar. 6.The words in addition, first, second, or third show the ________ pattern. 7.A (n)________ pattern tells or gives a reason why something happened. 8.A(n) ________ pattern states a result or outcome. 9.The words, also and furthermore, show the _________ pattern. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

50 Fill in the blank with the correct pattern of organization. 10._________are organizational patterns that are combined to express the writer’s ideas or concepts. 11._________ is the pattern in which the writer makes a statement of fact and then proceeds to clarify or explain it. 12.A (n)_________ is a condensed statement that provides the key points of a larger idea or piece of writing. 13._________ describes physical location or position in space. 14._________ divides a topic into parts based on shared characteristics. 15.The pattern that describes events, processes, or procedures is called __________. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

51 Fill in the blank with the correct pattern of organization from the box below. effect definition cause contrast mixed pattern statement/ comparison classification summary enumeration clarification addition summary example chronological list 1.Example is the pattern of organization that shows the writer is giving an instance of a general concept to illustrate a point. 2.Definition gives the meaning of new words, concepts or terminology. 3.The list pattern presents details in no particular order, such as characteristics, features, parts or categories. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. spatial order

52 Fill in the blank with the correct pattern of organization. 4.Comparison shows how two or more ideas are alike or similar. 5.Contrast shows how two or more ideas are unlike or dissimilar. 6.The words, in addition, first, second, or third, show the enumeration pattern. 7.A cause pattern tells or gives a reason why something happened. 8.A(n) effect pattern states a result or outcome. 9.The words, also and furthermore, show the addition pattern. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

53 Fill in the blank with the correct pattern of organization. 10.Mixed patterns are organizational patterns that are combined to express the writer’s ideas or concepts. 11.Statement/clarification is the pattern in which the writer makes a statement of fact and then proceeds to clarify or explain it. 12.A(n) summary is a condensed statement that provides the key points of a larger idea or piece of writing. 13.Spatial order describes physical location or position in space. 14.Classification divides a topic into parts based on shared characteristics. 15.The pattern that describes events, processes, or procedures is called chronological. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education Inc.


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