Presentation on theme: "200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 1000 2000 100 Miscellaneous Expansion Settling the Frontier End of the Frontier Elections."— Presentation transcript:
200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 1000 2000 100 Miscellaneous Expansion Settling the Frontier End of the Frontier Elections
Tennessee representative to Congress for three terms, this famous hunter/story teller was lured to Texas by the opportunity for free land and aided the Texans in San Antonio, as they attempted to claim independence at the Alamo.
This political party, made up of former National Republicans (Federalists), formed to oppose Jackson Democrats, finally winning a presidential election with military hero William Henry Harrison and running mate John Tyler, “Tippecanoe and Tyler too!” Harrison died of pneumonia four weeks after inauguration, and Tyler served one term, failing to annex Texas.
Originally used as a Spanish plan to colonize California, the Mexican government abolished this system in 1833, giving some lands to Native Americans and selling the rest as huge properties to Mexican settlers, called rancheros.
This term was used for newly built communities in California during the gold rush. One miner reported on the Yuba River where two houses previously stood that he returned after a year to find a town of 1,000 people “with a large number of hotels, stores, groceries, bakeries, and…gambling houses.”
This author of the Little House series wrote from her real life experiences as a child growing up on the plains of South Dakota in what was then Indian Territory. One account says how she did not enjoy being a teacher, her first job at 16yrs. old.
These Mexican cattle wranglers taught early western settlers how to raise and manage large herds of cattle from horseback. The open ranges of Texas provided grazing land and wild cattle, requiring ranchers to use branding and establishing the cattle drive.
In 1862 Congress passed this act, giving 160 free acres of land to any settler who paid a filing fee, built a house, and farmed the land for five years. Immigrants and women used this law to acquire land, which had previously been almost impossible.
These African American soldiers, who served in the West after the Civil War monitoring and controlling Native American uprisings for the United States military, found opportunities such as the Homestead Act to own and settle property.
Ignoring a Supreme Court decision that protected Native American claims to the South, President Andrew Jackson used his military command to do this, winning the popularity of whites who wanted native gold deposits and farm land.
This nickname was given to William Cody, hired by the Kansas Pacific Railroad to slaughter as many buffalo as possible to feed railroad workers, prevent herds from destroying railroad tracks, and deprive natives of their traditional food source.
As reservation policy was being established by the 1867 Indian Peace Commission, the Sioux and Cheyenne resisted long enough at this famous location in Montana, killing an overconfident Colonel George Custer and all of his command of 250 soldiers. The Native uprising was soon crushed and the survivors were moved to a reservation in South Dakota.
This bloody battle marked the end of armed conflict between whites and Native Americans, as military officials attempted to arrest Sitting Bull for allegedly being the leader of the Ghost Dance movement. When peacefully gathered at this creek, a shot was fired ending in the death of 200 Sioux and 25 soldiers.
This Apache leader from the New Mexico and Arizona region became the last Native American to formally surrender to the United States after using the Mexican border to evade troops and stage raids against settlers in the 1880’s.
Known as the “Corrupt Bargain,” this election was stolen by a deal between candidate John Quincy Adams and Speaker of the House, Henry Clay, who worked out a tie-breaking vote from Congress in favor of Adams instead of Andrew Jackson. Jackson had a plurality of electoral votes and the popular vote, but not enough for a majority under the 12 th Amendment.
Andrew Jackson won this election by a landslide for many reasons: one, the corrupt nature of the previous election; two, Adam’s vice president switched parties to run with Jackson; three, new campaigning styles, using slogans, rallies, buttons and mudslinging; four, average citizens connected more with Jackson as a self-made man.