Presentation on theme: "Black History Reach…Teach…Learn…Discern…Go…Grow… Can You Name Them All? Click on each photo on the next slide to reveal the names and achievements of some."— Presentation transcript:
Black History Reach…Teach…Learn…Discern…Go…Grow… Can You Name Them All? Click on each photo on the next slide to reveal the names and achievements of some prominent historical figures. By Sabrina LaBord-Smalls; For My Children, Your Children, And Their Children…
Lucy Craft Laney “Mother of the Children of the People” One of the state of Georgia's most influential educational leaders, she believed that the only way for blacks to be successful in America was by being well educated. She was born in Macon, Georgia on April 13, 1854, eleven years before slavery ended. She died on October 23, 1933. Miss Laney started the first black kindergarten in Augusta, Georgia and the first black nursing school in the city, the Lamar School of Nursing. Lucy Craft Laney High School was named in her honor, Gwinnett Street was renamed Laney-Walker Boulevard in her honor and that of Dr. Charles T. Walker, her portrait hangs in the Georgia state Capitol, her home was restores as the Lucy Craft Laney Museum of Black History, and several other schools throughout the USA that have been named in Ms. Laney's honor.
Charles Thomas Walker Born a slave in Hephzibah in 1858, he was orphaned at age 8 - his father died a day before he was born and his mother a year after being granted freedom in 1865. In order to afford school at the Augusta Theological Institute, he limited his meals to one each on Wednesday and Saturday. CT Walker boldly denounced the second-class status of America's blacks decades before Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. or Malcolm X were born. Dr. Walker started one of Augusta's first minority newspapers, Augusta Sentinel, in 1884. In 1885, then 27, he helped organize Tabernacle Baptist Church, one of the most influential churches to be founded in Augusta. He also founded the YMCA on Ninth Street in Augusta. CT Walker Magnet School is named in his honor. Gwinnett Street was renamed Laney-Walker Boulevard in his honor as well as that of Ms. Lucy Laney.
Barack Obama “The Skinny Kid with the Funny Name” Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4, 1961 to Barack Obama, Sr., a native of Kenya and S. Ann Dunham, from Wichita, Kansas. Barack initially was given the religion of his father which was Islam but eventually decided to embrace the Christian faith. Barack is a U.S. Senator from Illinois. He is the only African-American currently serving in the U.S. Senate, the fifth in U.S. history and the third since Reconstruction. Obama won the election in a landslide, with 70% of the vote to Alan Keyes' 27%. Obama organized an aggressive voter registration effort that registered over 100,000 voters and aided in the election of President Bill Clinton and Senator Carol Moseley Braun.
Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King Civil Rights Leaders Coretta Scott was born on April 27, 1927, in Marion, Alabama. She spent her childhood on a farm owned by her parents. Martin King was born Michael Luther King, Jr. on January 15, 1929, but later had his name changed to Martin. He, like his father and grandfather, pastored the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia. The two were married at the Scott family home near Marion on June 18, 1953. King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. During the period of her husband's public career, Coretta King usually remained out of the public spotlight, raising the couple's four children. She is the first woman to deliver the class day address at Harvard, and the first woman to preach at a statutory service at St. Paul's Cathedral in London.
Harriet Tubman "Moses of the Colored People" Harriet Ross was born into slavery in 1819 or 1820, in Dorchester County, Maryland. Given the names of her two parents, both held in slavery, she was of purely African ancestry. At the age of 25, she married John Tubman, a free African American. Five years later, fearing she would be sold South, she made her escape. After freeing herself from slavery, Harriet Tubman returned to Maryland to rescue other members of her family. In all she is believed to have conducted approximately 300 persons to freedom in the North. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Tubman served as a soldier, spy, and a nurse.
LeRoy Johnson Georgia State Senator The legislator who desegregated the Georgia General Assembly when he won his state Senate seat in 1962, Senator LeRoy Johnson has long been regarded as one of Georgia’s most powerful state senators. Senator Johnson was the first African-American to be elected to a political office in the southeast and was the first African-American elected to Georgia’s Senate since Reconstruction. During his tenure, Senator Johnson revised the literacy test for voting rights, making voting more accessible to all citizens of Georgia. Though he encountered many obstacles during his tenure in Georgia’s Senate, he won the respect of his colleagues and the citizens of Georgia with his extraordinary work ethic and tenacity during his years of service to our state. Today, Mr. Johnson is enjoying his retirement in his native Atlanta and continues to be a pivotal force in the community.
Mae Jemison Astronaut Born in Decatur, Alabama in 1956 and raised in Chicago, Mae is the youngest of three children. She entered Stanford University as a scholarship student at age 16. Prior to joining NASA in 1987, Dr. Jemison worked in both engineering and medicine. Following two and a half years (1983-1985) as Area Peace Corps medical officer for Sierra Leone and Liberia in West Africa, she worked as a General Practitioner in Los Angeles. Mae C. Jemison blasted into orbit aboard the space shuttle Endeavour, September 12, 1992, the first woman of color to go into space. In 1994, Dr. Jemison founded and chairs The Earth We Share (TEWS), an annual international science camp where students, ages 12 to 16, work together to solve current global dilemmas.
Oprah Winfrey Talk Show Host, Billionaire, Actress Born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, Oprah Winfrey was reared by her grandmother on a farm where she learned to read aloud and perform recitations at the age of three. Oprah Winfrey's broadcasting career began at age 17. She attended Tennessee State University, where she majored in Speech Communications and Performing Arts. Seen nationally since September 8, 1986, "The Oprah Winfrey Show" became the number one talk show in national syndication in less than a year. In 1991, she initiated a campaign to establish a national database of convicted child abusers, and testified before a U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee on behalf of a National Child Protection Act. Oprah Winfrey was the first African-American woman to become a billionaire.
Malcolm X Minister and Civil Rights Activist Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm began to study the teachings of Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad. By 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the new surname "X." (He considered "Little" a slave name and chose the "X" to signify his lost tribal name.) Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. He was credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965 three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage. They shot him 15 times at close range killing him at age 39.
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War. A brilliant speaker, Douglass was asked by the American Anti-Slavery Society to engage in a tour of lectures, and so became recognized as one of America's first great black speakers. He won world fame when his autobiography was publicized in 1845. Two years later he began publishing an antislavery paper called the North Star. Douglass served as an adviser to President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War and fought for the adoption of constitutional amendments that guaranteed voting rights and other civil liberties for blacks. Douglass provided a powerful voice for human rights during this period of American history and is still revered today for his contributions against racial injustice.
Nikki Giovanni Poet and Professor Yolanda Cornelia "Nikki" Giovanni was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, and raised in Ohio. In 1960, she entered Fisk University, where she worked with the school's Writer's Workshop and edited the literary magazine. After receiving her bachelor of arts degree, she organized the Black Arts Festival in Cincinnati and then entered graduate school at the University of Pennsylvania. Her honors include the NAACP Image Award for Literature in 1998, and the Langston Hughes award for Distinguished Contributions to Arts and Letters in 1996. Several magazines have named Giovanni Woman of the Year, including Essence, Mademoiselle, and Ladies Home Journal. She is currently Professor of English and Gloria D. Smith Professor of Black Studies at Virginia Tech. Giovanni remains as determined and committed as ever to the fight for civil rights and equality. Always insisting on presenting the truth as she sees it, she has maintained a prominent place as a strong voice of the Black community.
George Washington Carver Chemist, Inventor George Washington Carver was born in 1864 near Diamond Grove, Missouri on the farm of Moses Carver. In 1897, Booker T. Washington, founder of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute for Negroes, convinced Carver to come south and serve as the school's Director of Agriculture. Carver remained on the faculty until his death in 1943. He discovered three hundred uses for peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet potatoes. Carver did not patent or profit from most of his products. He freely gave his discoveries to mankind.
Venus and Serena Williams Tennis Champions Growing up in the Los Angeles suburb of Compton, California, Venus and Serena Williams were the two youngest of five daughters of Richard and Oracene (Brandi) Williams. Venus and Serena showed the most aptitude for the game—both began winning tournaments when they were 10 years old. In the fall of 2000, both Venus and Serena Williams represented the United States at the Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia. Venus and Serena teamed up to win 22 straight doubles titles in addition to their individual accomplishments in singles matches.
Tavis Smiley Television and Radio Talk Show Host Smiley started his career as an aide to the late Los Angeles mayor Tom Bradley. The mission of his nonprofit organization—Tavis Smiley Foundation—is to enlighten, encourage and empower Black youth. Texas Southern University recently honored Smiley with the opening of The Tavis Smiley School of Communications and The Tavis Smiley Center for Professional Media Studies, making Smiley the youngest African American to ever have a professional school and center named after him on a college or university campus. With his late night television talk show, Tavis Smiley on PBS, and his radio show The Tavis Smiley Show from NPR, Smiley was the first American ever to simultaneously host signature talk shows on both PBS and National Public Radio.
T.D. Jakes Bishop Bishop Thomas D. Jakes was born in South Charleston, West Virginia on June 9, 1957. Bishop Jakes began fulfilling his call to the ministry in 1979 when he founded Greater Emmanuel Temple of Faith. It was a small beginning pastoring a small congregation 10 members. More than 25 years later, he pastors one of America's fastest growing mega-churches, The Potter's House, a multiracial nondenominational church with 50-plus active outreach ministries.
Condoleezza Rice Secretary of State Born November 14, 1954 in Birmingham, Alabama, she earned her bachelor's degree in political science, cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa, from the University of Denver in 1974; her master's from the University of Notre Dame in 1975. She was the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, since January, 2001. Dr. Condoleezza Rice became Secretary of State on January 26, 2005 after Colin Powell, the first African-American to hold the position resigned.
Desmond Tutu Bishop Bishop Desmond Tutu was born in 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal. After three years as a high school teacher he began to study theology, being ordained as a priest in 1960. In 1975 he was appointed Dean of St. Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg, the first black to hold that position. In 1978, he became the first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984.
Mahalia Jackson “World’s Greatest Gospel Singer” Mahalia was born in poverty in a three-room shack between railroad tracks and the Mississippi River levee in New Orleans on October 26, 1911. At 12 years old with tears in her eyes, she confessed Christ during a Friday night Revival. Mahalia would often say, "Ever since that day, I promised the Lord that I'd dedicate my life to Him in song." Mahalia Jackson, 60, died January 27, 1972, in Chicago where she lived 45 years and became the greatest single success in gospel music. Mrs. Coretta Scott King eulogized Mahalia during her funeral as "a friend - proud, black and beautiful." Mahalia was also a close friend and financial supporter of Mrs. King's late husband, who once lauded Mahalia's great voice as "one heard once in a millennium."
John H. Johnson Publisher & Business Executive Born January 19, 1918 in rural Arkansas City, Arkansas, John H. Johnson was the grandson of slaves. Johnson is the founder, publisher, chairman and CEO of the Johnson Publishing Company Inc., Chicago, Ill., the largest black-owned publishing company in the world. Ebony is the nation's number one African-American -oriented magazine. Johnson Publishing also owns Fashion Fair Cosmetics, the number one makeup and skin care company for women of color.
Rosa Parks Civil Rights Pioneer Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, 1913. She refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This brave woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her lonel act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving people everywhere.
Jesse Jackson Civil Rights Activist, Minister, and Politician He was born Jesse Louis Burns in a poor household in Greenville, South Carolina on October 8, 1941. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988. He formed two non-profit organizations, PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity) in 1971 and the Rainbow Coalition in 1984. Both groups were merged in 1996. In 1983 Reverend Jackson traveled to Syria to secure the release of a captured American Navy pilot. In June 1984, Jackson negotiated the release of 22 Americans being held in Cuba.
Jessye Norman Opera Singer On September 15, 1945, Jessye Norman was born in Augusta, Georgia in a family of amateur musicians; her mother a pianist, her father a singer in a local choir. Norman received a scholarship to Howard University, graduating in 1967 with a degree in music. The American soprano Jessye Norman is one of the most admired contemporary opera singers and recitalists. Jessye is frequently called on to perform at public events and ceremonies to include the 1985 and 1997 U.S. presidential inaugurations and the sixtieth birthday celebration of Queen Elizabeth II.
Colin Powell Soldier and Statesman Colin Powell was born in New York City on April 5, 1937; the son of Jamaican immigrants. He participated in ROTC at CCNY and received a commission as an Army second lieutenant upon graduation. He subsequently received a Master of Business Administration degree from George Washington University. General Powell was the 12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 1, 1989 until September 30, 1993, serving under both President George H.W. Bush and President Bill Clinton. In January, 2001, General Powell was selected by President George W. Bush to serve as his Secretary of State. He was the first African-American to hold this high office in the United States Government.
Ray Charles Musician Ray Charles Robinson was born September 23, 1930 in Albany, Georgia. Ray began going blind around the age of five and was totally blind by the age of seven. He attended the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind in St. Augustine, Florida as a charity case. He learned how to read Braille, as well as to write music and play various musical instruments. A musical genius, he won dozens of Grammy Awards in his career. In 1976, he was one of the first inductees of the Georgia Music Hall of Fame-three years before his version of "Georgia On My Mind" was made into the official state song. In 1981, he was given a star at the Hollywood Walk of Fame and was one of the first inductees to the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1986. In 1991, he was inducted to the Rhythm & Blues Foundation and in 1994 he was inducted to the Jazz Hall of Fame. He died at age 73 on June 10, 2004 at his home in Beverly Hills, California.
Nelson Mandela Civil Rights Leader in South Africa Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in a village near Umtata in the Transkei on the 18 July 1918. His life has been an inspiration in South Africa and throughout the world to all who are oppressed and deprived, to all who are opposed to oppression and deprivation. Nelson Mandela accepted the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of all South Africans who suffered and sacrificed so much to bring peace to the land. He was a President of the African National Congress. Mandela is a former President of South Africa.
Shirley Chisholm Politician Shirley St. Hill was born on November 30, 1924 in Brooklyn, New York to Charles and Ruby St. Hill. Her father was from British Guiana and her mother was from Barbados. In 1949, she married Conrad Chisholm, a Jamaican who worked as a private investigator. Shirley and her husband participated in local politics, helping form the Bedford-Stuyvesant political League. She became the first African American woman elected to Congress. During her first term in Congress, Chisholm hired an all-female staff and spoke out for civil rights, women's rights, the poor and against the Vietnam War. In 1970, she was elected to a second term. The 1972 Democratic National Convention was the first major convention in which any woman was considered for the presidential nomination. Although she did not win the nomination, she received 151 of the delegates' votes. Shirley Chisholm passed away on January 1, 2005.
Unknown Civil Rights Protesters In tribute and appreciation to all the Unsung Heroes and their lasting contributions to the fight for justice and equality