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Men Who Have Turned the World Upside Down Acts 17:1-15 Message 6 in our 9-part series on the Acts of the Apostles. Sunday, June 1, 2014 Speaker: Doug Virgint.

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Presentation on theme: "Men Who Have Turned the World Upside Down Acts 17:1-15 Message 6 in our 9-part series on the Acts of the Apostles. Sunday, June 1, 2014 Speaker: Doug Virgint."— Presentation transcript:

1 Men Who Have Turned the World Upside Down Acts 17:1-15 Message 6 in our 9-part series on the Acts of the Apostles. Sunday, June 1, 2014 Speaker: Doug Virgint

2 Outline 1.The cities 2.The listeners 3.The message 4.The reaction 2

3 Outline 1.The cities 2.The listeners 3.The message 4.The reaction 3

4 The cities - Thessalonica Chief city of Macedonia Rich port city Main trade route between fertile farm land to west and ocean trade route Most imports and exports for all Macedonia passed by Thessalonica Founded by Cassandra (one of Alexander’s generals) Named for Cassandra’s wife (Alexander’s half sister) 4

5 The cities - Thessalonica Paul followed the “Egnatian Way” – an important Roman road From Philippi, Paul traveled 33 miles south to Amphipolis Then on 27 more miles to Appolonia And a further 40 miles to Thessalonica Perhaps Paul wanted to get far away from Philippi And perhaps he wanted to work in a city with a synagogue and a large Jewish population 5

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8 The Egnatian way 8

9 The cities - Thessalonica Cicero called this city “the bosom of our domain” It was a “free” city – no Roman garrison They could make their own laws 200,000 people This was close to the time when all Jews had been banned from Rome because of riots. The political leaders perhaps feared losing their status if there was unrest. 9

10 The cities - Thessalonica Paul preached only 3 Sabbaths in the synagogue But he must have stayed longer because Philippians 4:18 tells us that the church in Philippi sent money at least twice to support his ministry while he was in Thessalonica 10

11 The cities - Thessalonica The Greek word “city authorities” is “politarchs” This word appears only here in the whole Bible and is not used in any secular ancient Greek manuscript For many years people felt this was an error in the Bible Then, in 1835, an inscription over a city gate in Thessalonica was found 16 or more additional inscriptions found since 11

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14 The cities - Thessalonica Luke uses many words to describe the authorities in areas visited by Paul “Praetors” in Philippi “First man” for Publius in Malta “Asiarchs” in Ephesus 14

15 The cities - Thessalonica Despite doubts, archeology has proven that Luke was right every time. Luke was a careful and accurate historian. And these are clear proofs that Acts was written at about the time of the events – titles changed so quickly. Sometimes a particular title was used only for a very few years – but it was always during the time of Paul’s visits. 15

16 The cities – Berea Located 50 miles from Thessalonica Cicero tells us that it “was off the beaten track” Not on the “Egnatian way” It too had a synagogue and a Jewish population 16

17 Outline 1.The cities 2.The listeners 3.The message 4.The reaction 17

18 The listeners Jewish people from the synagogue Greek (gentile) proselytes and “God fearers” Highly placed and intelligent women 18

19 Outline 1.The cities 2.The listeners 3.The message 4.The reaction 19

20 The message It was necessary for Christ to suffer It was necessary for Christ to rise from the dead Jesus is the “Christ” 20

21 It was necessary for Christ to suffer This universe was created by the Lord God Almighty All men and women exist because of the creative power exercised by the Lord God Almighty We owe our allegiance and obedience to Him But like our first father and mother, Adam and Eve, we have lived in rebellion against Him We are sinners and thus subject to God’s eternal judgment 21

22 It was necessary for Christ to suffer God is just and must judge and punish our sin Because of his character He cannot just overlook our sin and rebellion But He is a God of love and mercy, and thus He has provided a way for our sins to be forgiven and for us to be reconciled with Him 22

23 It was necessary for Christ to suffer The Old Testament is full of pictures that show us how God planned to forgive us for our sin It is through “substitution” The penalty for our sin is death – but in his mercy God has provided a substitute to die in our place. When Adam and Eve sinned, God killed an animal to provide clothing to cover them The patriarchs offered an animal as a sacrifice to temporarily cover their sin – a symbol of substitution 23

24 It was necessary for Christ to suffer In the temple the Ark of the Alliance was overshadowed by gold cherubim – powerful angels who symbolized God’s presence. The Ark was a box containing the law of God. These angels constantly looked down at this law – the evidence of our disobedience. Once a year the blood from a sacrifice was sprinkled on the Ark’s cover, symbolically hiding the broken law from God’s eyes. But these were all just symbols. 24

25 It was necessary for Christ to suffer We know that we are sinners and that we have offended the sovereign holy God of the universe. Instinctively we are looking for a way to find forgiveness. Paul explained that all these Old Testament symbols pointed to Christ. 25

26 It was necessary for Christ to suffer Jesus was the perfect Son of God, the second Person of the Trinity, God Himself. He came to earth and took a human body. He was perfect and sinless. On the cross he offered himself as the only perfect, acceptable sacrifice. He took our sin on himself and suffered the punishment our sins deserved. 26

27 It was necessary for Christ to suffer God treated Him as if He had committed every sin that we have committed. He was the perfect accomplishment of all those Old Testament symbols. Story of the Cossack chieftain 27

28 Necessary for Christ to rise How can we be sure that Christ is really God? How can we be sure that God really accepted his death as our substitution – that our sins have already been punished in Him, that our debt has been paid? When Christ was raised form the dead, it was the proof that God had accepted Christ’s substitutionary work. 28

29 Jesus is the Christ From the time of Adam and Eve, men have been waiting for a Savior. He was promised throughout the 2000 years of Jewish history. Hundreds of prophecies gave hints and evidences so God’s people would know Him when He would come. Paul showed how Christ had accomplished every one of those prophecies. He is the Christ! 29

30 Outline 1.The cities 2.The listeners 3.The message 4.The response 30

31 The response Some people were not interested. Some people opposed the message of Christ, and caused a riot. But many people in Thessalonica and Berea received the message of Christ. In Berea they studied the Bible for themselves to make sure that what was being said was true. 31

32 The response This morning, God requires that you receive Christ: – That you accept His sacrifice for you. – That you believe in Christ. – That by faith you appropriate what He has done for you. Will you accept Christ this morning? – It is the only way to receive forgiveness and the assurance of eternal life. 32


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