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2 Situation and trends of malnutrition and impact on morbidity and mortality F.Branca Director Department of Nutrition for Health and development WHO/HQ.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Situation and trends of malnutrition and impact on morbidity and mortality F.Branca Director Department of Nutrition for Health and development WHO/HQ."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Situation and trends of malnutrition and impact on morbidity and mortality F.Branca Director Department of Nutrition for Health and development WHO/HQ

3 Malnutrition : is MDG1 (target 1c) enough ? Source : UN MDG report 2013

4 162 million children with stunted growth in 2012 Source: UNICEF, WHO, The World Bank. Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates. (UNICEF, New York; WHO, Geneva; The World Bank, Washington, DC; 2013

5 Which countries are home to the stunted children ?

6 51 million wasted children in 2012 Source: UNICEF, WHO, The World Bank. Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates. (UNICEF, New York; WHO, Geneva; The World Bank, Washington, DC; 2013

7 Where are the hot spots for acute malnutrition? Source: UNICEF, WHO, The World Bank. Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates. (UNICEF, New York; WHO, Geneva; The World Bank, Washington, DC; 2013

8 Trends in Low Birth Weight Source : UNSCN, 2010

9 Prevalence of small-for-gestational-age births, by UN regions Source : Black et al. Lancet June 2013

10 496 million non pregnant women and 32 million pregnant women with anemia Source : Stevens et al. Lancet Glob Health 2013; 1: e16–25

11 273 million children with anemia Source : Stevens et al. Lancet Glob Health 2013; 1: e16–25

12 Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (1995–2005), iodine deficiency (2013), inadequate zinc intake (2005), Source : Black et al. Lancet June 2013

13 44 million children are overweight Source: UNICEF, WHO, The World Bank. Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates. (UNICEF, New York; WHO, Geneva; The World Bank, Washington, DC; 2013

14 500 million obese individuals aged 20+ years (2008) Source: Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. World Health Organization 2011

15 Women’s underweight and overweight Source : Black et al. Lancet June 2013

16 The double burden of malnutrition Source: WHO Global Database on Body Mass Index

17 Share of countries in each malnutrition category by degree of urbanization Source : FAO SOFA 2013

18 Leading risk factors for global burden of disease in 1990 and 2010

19 Burden of disease attributable to 20 leading risk factors in 2010, as a % of global DALYs High BMI accounted for 3.4 M deaths and 3·8% of global DALYs in 2010 Poor diet and physical inactivity 10% of global DALYs

20 Key messages Multiple forms of malnutrition coexist : Low birth weight, wasting, stunting Micronutrient deficiencies Overweight/obesity and diet related NCDs Malnutrition is not decreasing and is affecting the majority of the world population The changing burden of disease should influence the way we think global development There are important differences in the world distribution of different forms of malnutrition, but similar global trends


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