Presentation on theme: "KI5 Who loses from Globalisation?"— Presentation transcript:
1KI5 Who loses from Globalisation? MEDCs – the effects of deindustrialisation.
2Economic effects Rising unemployment. UK 3.4million lost jobs in manufacturingLost skills e.g. ‘metalbashing’ in West Midlands. Older workers not passing skills to next generation.Well paid traditional ‘skilled working’ jobs (replaced by lower paid, lower skilled work)Rising male unemploymentrising female employment as a proportion of workforce eg s. Wales Valleys
3Economic effects Long term unemployed Concentration of unemployment in manufacturing sectorRegional differences (‘north’ / ‘south’ divide)Demultiplier effect
4Demultiplier effect eg Ebbw Vale in south Wales 14,500 jobs in 1967 when nationalised. Closure of steelworks in 1978 and tinplate works in 2002 (780 jobs)
5Demultiplier effect eg Ebbw Vale in south Wales 14,500 jobs in 1967 when nationalised. Closure of steelworks in 1978 and tinplate works in 2002 (780 jobs)Labour displacementIntervention – WAG – ‘The Works’.Outmigration of people and decrease in spending powerRegional problemsDevelopment of social problemsUnviability of services – schools, hospitals, local shops.
6Social Effects Crime Violence Vice Health issues Depression Unhealthy lifestyleParticular impacts on some social groups … gender, age, minorities
7Environmental Effects Derelict buildings – Ebbw Vale tinplate works, old mine buildings.Scarred landscapes – spoil heaps (Aberfan)Polluted waste land – Llandarcy oil refineryInner city slums e.g. Cardiff Docks (Bay) and Swansea Docks – urban redevelopment sites.
8POSITIVE EFFECTS of DEINDUSTRIALISATION Productivity increased – ‘leaner, fitter’ more competitive manufacturing sectorReindustrialisation – TNC inward investment from Japan, Taiwan and S. Korea. (1980s & 90s)Growth of small businessesGrowing Tertiary sector “TERTIARISATION” – In % UK labour force in tertiary and 20% in manufacturing.Social changes – more jobs for females, more part-timeRise of Quaternary sector (subset of Tertiary)– research and development , pharmaceutical, ICT– Science Parks e.g. Cambridge. Technium – Swansea SA1