Presentation on theme: "KI5 Who loses from Globalisation? MEDCs – the effects of deindustrialisation."— Presentation transcript:
KI5 Who loses from Globalisation? MEDCs – the effects of deindustrialisation.
Economic effects Rising unemployment. UK 3.4million lost jobs in manufacturing 1975-1995 Lost skills e.g. ‘metalbashing’ in West Midlands. Older workers not passing skills to next generation. Well paid traditional ‘skilled working’ jobs (replaced by lower paid, lower skilled work) Rising male unemployment rising female employment as a proportion of workforce eg s. Wales Valleys
Economic effects Long term unemployed Concentration of unemployment in manufacturing sector Regional differences (‘north’ / ‘south’ divide) Demultiplier effect
Demultiplier effect eg Ebbw Vale in south Wales 14,500 jobs in 1967 when nationalised. Closure of steelworks in 1978 and tinplate works in 2002 (780 jobs)
Demultiplier effect eg Ebbw Vale in south Wales 14,500 jobs in 1967 when nationalised. Closure of steelworks in 1978 and tinplate works in 2002 (780 jobs) Labour displacement Outmigration of people and decrease in spending power Unviability of services – schools, hospitals, local shops. Development of social problems Regional problems Intervention – WAG – ‘The Works’.
Social Effects Crime Violence Vice Health issues Depression Unhealthy lifestyle Particular impacts on some social groups … gender, age, minorities
Environmental Effects Derelict buildings – Ebbw Vale tinplate works, old mine buildings. Scarred landscapes – spoil heaps (Aberfan) Polluted waste land – Llandarcy oil refinery Inner city slums e.g. Cardiff Docks (Bay) and Swansea Docks – urban redevelopment sites.
POSITIVE EFFECTS of DEINDUSTRIALISATION Productivity increased – ‘leaner, fitter’ more competitive manufacturing sector Reindustrialisation – TNC inward investment from Japan, Taiwan and S. Korea. (1980s & 90s) Growth of small businesses Growing Tertiary sector “TERTIARISATION” – In 2000 75% UK labour force in tertiary and 20% in manufacturing. Social changes – more jobs for females, more part-time Rise of Quaternary sector (subset of Tertiary)– research and development, pharmaceutical, ICT– Science Parks e.g. Cambridge. Technium – Swansea SA1