Was not underground, and railroads were not used helped escaped slaves make their way from the slave-owning southern states up through the northern states and eventually into Canada. Once a slave escaped and managed to make contact with sympathizers, he or she became a part of the underground railroad
The act of transporting the escaped slaves incorporated all the terms used during a railroad journey: The routes from safe-house to safe-house (houses where fugitive slaves were kept) were called 'lines'. Stopping places were called 'stations'. Those who aided fugitive slaves were known as 'conductors'. the fugitive slaves were known as 'packages' or 'freight.' At the 'stations,' the slaves were given food, rest, and a change of clothing.
Known as “Moses” A former slave who ran away from a plantation in 1849 but returned to rescue others. Escorted African American slaves on the Underground Railroad to Canada She never lost a passenger
Religious songs created by African American slaves before the Civil War. Many songs are said to contain hidden messages about the best way to escape from slavery Harriet Tubman used Go Down, Moses to notify slaves that she had returned to help free them
In this excerpt from a longer biography, you will follow Harriet Tubman from the autumn of 1851 through the spring of 1852 as she leads eleven frightened, weary slaves on the dangerous journey from Maryland to freedom in Canada on the Underground Railroad. Tubman defies the Fugitive Slave Laws to “conduct” her group because she believes that those laws are immoral, and she does all she can to help slaves escape safely. Excerpt = a section or passage taken from a longer work such as a book, movie, or document.
QuestionsHarriet Tubman Who was Harriet Tubman? What did she do? When did she live? Where did she work and live? Why is she important? How did she help slaves escape? As you read the story, gather as much information about Harriet Tubman as possible. As you read, think about the following questions: