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Education Finance & Policy Briefing Presented to: State Budget Trends Commission Presented by: Chas Anderson Deputy Education Commissioner May 27, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Education Finance & Policy Briefing Presented to: State Budget Trends Commission Presented by: Chas Anderson Deputy Education Commissioner May 27, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Education Finance & Policy Briefing Presented to: State Budget Trends Commission Presented by: Chas Anderson Deputy Education Commissioner May 27, 2008

2 Topics for Discussion School Finance Pupil Counts and Trends Cost Drivers Teacher Demographic Data Focus on Teacher Quality

3 Percent Change in Adjusted Pupil Counts

4 State Pupil Counts (K-12) Fiscal YearPupil Counts FY 2004829,832 FY 2009827,215 FY 2014854,420 FY 2015863,083 FY 2016871,128 FY 2017878,987 FY 2018885,909 FY 2019892,045 FY 2020896,859

5 Percent Change in Adjusted Pupil Counts

6 Free & Reduced Lunch Student Counts (PK-12) YearPK-12 EnrollmentPK-12 FRL%___ 93-94810,092197,66924.4% 03-04842,915238,37128.3% 07-08837,578264,91031.6% 13-14865,416287,81533.3% 20-21908,401311,97734.3%

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9 State Share of State-Local Tax Revenue

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11 K-12 Education General Fund Expenditures by Program, FY 2001

12 K-12 Education General Fund Expenditures by Program, FY 2006

13 PERCENT OF SCHOOL DISTRICTS & CHARTER SCHOOLS WITH NEGATIVE UNRESERVED GEN FUND BALANCES AND IN SOD 7.5% 4.1% 16.7% 17.6% 13.4% 9.3% 7.0% 6.5% 8.2% 10.9% 5.8% 9.7% 5.0% 5.5% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% 18.0% 20.0% 2000200120022003200420052006 Negative Unreserved Gen Fund BalIn SOD Negative Unreserved General Fund & Statutory Operating Debt

14 15.9 16.1 16.0 16.1 15.6 15.2 15.7 16.2 16.5 17.1 19.2 19.3 19.2 18.3 18.8 19.3 20.5 19.4 19.3 14.0 15.0 16.0 17.0 18.0 19.0 20.0 21.0 22.0 199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007 Fiscal Year Including Special EducExcluding Special Educ Pupil – Teacher Ratios, 1996-2007

15 FY 2009 General Fund Revenue Per ADM

16 Selected Cost Drivers Collective Bargaining Issues –Cost of health insurance (global issue) –Cost of retiree benefits –State statutes (PELRA, January 15 th deadline, etc.) –Teacher contracts (teacher transfer rules, etc.) –Rule of 90 for Tier II (teachers hired after September 1, 1989) Special Education –About 13% of student population with varying degree of complexities –One-third of special education population does not attend resident district (open enrollment) –State cost-based formula is complex and drives up costs –State and federal mandates may contribute to costs

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18 SPECIAL EDUCATION FUNDING $329.5 Million increase in Special Education Aid for the FY 08-09 Biennium –Regular Sp Ed aid increased by 27.5% for FY 08 and an additional 3.8% for FY 09 –Excess cost aid increased by 5.2% in FY 08 – no additional increase in FY 09 Projected cross subsidy reduced from $537 M in FY 2007 to $435 M in FY 08 and $472 M in FY 09

19 SPECIAL EDUCATION FUNDING Est. Statewide Adjustment Factors (Proration) Sp Ed Regular Excess Cost FY 2008 88.3% 81.4% FY 2009 87.5 72.6 FY 2010 85.2 60.8 FY 2011 86.6 58.8

20 SPECIAL EDUCATION FUNDING Cap Gap - Cost to Eliminate Proration 100% Aid Entitlement Basis FY 2008 $61 million FY 2009$80 million FY 2010$117 million FY 2011$121 million

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23 Focus on Teacher Quality and Human Capital Effective teachers increase student achievement and close the achievement gap Sample of Teacher Effectiveness Studies: Dr. Marzano found that effective teachers had a 43 percent positive impact on student achievement, the highest school-based factor. By comparison, class size only had an 8 percent positive impact (Marzano, 2003). Data and studies from Tennessee showed that if two average eight-year-old students were given different teachers – one of them a high performer, the other a low performer – the students’ performance diverge more than 50 percentile points within three years (Sanders, 1998). Dallas study found that the performance gap between students assigned three effective teachers in a row, and those assigned three ineffective teachers in a row, was 49 percentile points (McKinsey, 2007).

24 K-12 Education Budget: Focus on Teacher Quality Why Focus on Teacher Quality? Minnesota is facing a critical shortage of teachers. Almost one-half of the teaching profession in Minnesota is projected to retire over the next 10-15 years.

25 K-12 Education Budget: Focus on Teacher Quality Three strategies to increasing the supply of highly effective teachers 1.Re-train the existing teaching workforce 2.Recruit best and brightest into teaching profession 3.Retain effective teachers

26 State Initiatives: Investing in Teacher Quality and School Leaders 1.Q Comp (compensation, teacher training and professional development, mentoring and teacher evaluations) 2.Math & Science Teacher Academies 3.Alternative Pathways to Certification (Teach for America, Teaching Fellows, Portfolio) 4.Teacher Induction / Mentoring 5.Principal Institute for Leadership (University of Minnesota)

27 Contact Information Chas Anderson Deputy Education Commissioner 651-582-8207 (work) chas.anderson@state.mn.us Tom Melcher Director, Program Finance 651-582-8828 (work) tom.melcher@state.mn.us Website: www.education.state.mn.uswww.education.state.mn.us


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