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Academic Parent-Teacher Teams (APTT)

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Presentation on theme: "Academic Parent-Teacher Teams (APTT)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Academic Parent-Teacher Teams (APTT)
Parent-Teacher Collaboration To Drive Student Achievement Bilingual Coordinators Network November 16, 2012 Maria C. Paredes Senior Program Associate - WestEd

2 Today We Will: Develop a collective understanding of effective family engagement Look at supporting research Learn about Academic Parent-Teacher Teams as a promising practice and its outcomes to date

3 Family Engagement is parent-teacher collaboration to drive student achievement.
National Family, School, and Community Engagement Working Group. June 2009

4 Leveraging Time: Connecting Home and School Learning
57% Away from school Student time: Six hours and fifteen minutes of instruction 180 days per year

5 Research Indicates That Family Engagement Is A Key Component Of Effective School Reform

6 Family Engagement Matters for Students and Schools
% of schools substantially improving in reading 5 “essential supports” predicted dramatic school improvement Combined, supports had greater impact Weakness over time in any area undermined improvement 9:45 Bryk, A.Sebring, P., Allensworth, A., Luppescu, S., & Easton, J. (2010). Organizing schools for improvement: Lessons from Chicago. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

7 Meta-analyses find that:
What Kinds of Family Engagement Lead to Increased Academic Achievement? The Research Meta-analyses find that: Academic socialization matters most. Home-based family engagement efforts predict student achievement. Communication with school staff and participation in school- based activities is also important. There is conflicting evidence about homework help.

8 APTT Theoretical Framework
Concerted cultivation—Annette Lareau, 2003 Research suggests that schools have standardized views of the proper role of parents in schooling. Social class and cultural capital provide parents with unequal resources to comply with teachers’ requests for participation in student learning. Self-efficacy—Hoover-Dempsey, 1997 Research underscores that parents’ contributions to students’ education are grounded in large part in their role construction, invitations to participate, and self-efficacy for involvement. High expectations—William Jeynes, 2003, 2005, 2007 A series of three meta-analyses hold that the most influential components of family engagement are the most subtle, like high expectations, loving and effective lines of communication, and parental style.

9 Academic Parent-Teacher Teams: A Promising Practice

10 Academic Parent Teacher Teams
Started in Creighton, Arizona in 2008 as part of district-wide reform effort Repurposes traditional parent-teacher conferences Three classroom/group meetings and one individual meeting a year Main components: Sharing data, modeling and practicing learning activities, setting short-term goals, and developing classroom networks Outcomes on: reading fluency, Mathematics, parent efficacy Participating teachers need ~8-10 hours of professional development support

11 From Low to High Impact Strategies
Academic Parent-Teacher Teams Parent-Teacher Conferences 30-40 minutes a year of parent-teacher contact time 25-30 hours of teacher time per year to prepare and deliver Little to no accountability for teachers and families Inconsistent quality from classroom to classroom No measurable outcomes 4.25 hours a year of parent-teacher collaboration time Data drives engagement Families receive information, tools, and strategies to support learning SMART goals for every student High expectations for teachers and families Measurable outcomes

12 Theory of Action

13 In The Video Look for: Welcome and Icebreaker Data Review
Modeling of Activities Practice of Activities and Materials Setting 60-Day Goals

14 APTT Video

15 Activity In teams, discuss reactions to the APTT video. Include observations about: Data, modeling, materials, practice, and academic goals Implications for parents of English learner students Implications for school improvement

16 Modeling, practice and materials
APTT Framework Personal invitation Student data Modeling, practice and materials Goal setting Networking Three 75-minute team meetings One 30-minute individual APTT Group Meeting Process Welcome and Icebreaker Review of grade-level foundation skills Data review Modeling, materials, and practice Setting S.M.A.R.T. goals

17 Foundational Grade-Level Skills To Anchor Parent-Teacher Communication and Collaboration
Aligned to Common Core Standards Promote grade-level success Demand home practice Are measured regularly through common formative assessments Are the academic currency between parents and teachers

18 Background on APTT: The Creighton Story
Inner city district Nine K-8 schools 92% Free or reduced lunch 85% Hispanic 45% English learners 65% of parents had less than an 8th grade education 23% of parents have a GED or high school diploma 11% of parents started high school but did not finish 1% of parents have a college degree

19 Steps Taken at Creighton
Year 1 = 11 teachers Year 2 = 79 teachers Year 3 = 187 teachers This year = over 210 teachers Professional development system for teachers and administrators System for Parent Liaison training System for APTT teacher planning assistance and coaching System of parent workshops focused of student grade-level learning System for evaluation and improvement

20 The APTT Model To Date: Districts/Schools in: Arizona California
Colorado Nebraska Nevada Washington, DC = 11 classrooms = 79 classrooms = 245 classrooms = about 1,095 classrooms or about 27,375 children

21 Professional Development and Technical Support to Schools
Orientation and action planning with school leadership team Ongoing training, planning support, and coaching for teachers Develop internal expertise Parent focus groups Data collection, evaluation, and refinement of practice

22 Data Sources at Creighton
iSTEEP Student Data Results Parent Surveys Teacher Interviews Teacher Reflections Parent Interviews Student Interviews

23 2011-2012 Assessment Outcomes at Creighton (iSTEEP Scores in nine schools)
Apparent APTT benefit for decreasing % of students at frustration level 30% - 19% =11% Apparent APTT benefit for increasing % of students at Mastery in Reading 42% - 27% =15%

24 2011-2012 Assessment Outcomes at Creighton (ISTEEP Scores in nine schools)
Apparent APTT benefit for decreasing % of students at Frustration in Math 53% - 36% = 17% Apparent APTT benefit For increasing students at Mastery Level 36% - 21% = 15%

25 Assertions: Qualitative Outcomes (surveys, interviews, and teacher reflections)
Parent-teacher communication—The academic information shared with families increased awareness and facilitated shared effort in the student learning process. Parent engagement—Parents welcomed teachers’ invitations to be involved and to be held to a higher set of expectations for engagement because coaching and support were provided. Teacher capacity—Teachers’ ability to lead and motivate their parent classroom communities was a process of adaptation, time commitment and preparedness.

26 Assertions: Qualitative Outcomes (surveys, interviews, and teacher reflections)
Student achievement—Many students met or exceeded academic expectations with confidence when parents and teachers created collaborative structures of support. Systematic approach—APTT provided the additional time and structure teachers needed to share expectations, data, activities and materials that parents needed to be engaged in the student learning process.

27 APTT in Washington, DC with support from the Flamboyan Foundation
Seven schools in Seventeen schools in

28 2011-2012 Pilot Results in DC Flamboyan Foundation, Washington ,DC
Grades # students % of students receiving a home visit Average APTT attendance Daily student attendance # of suspensions per student DC-CAS Overall Proficiency * DCPS School #1 Pres-5 243 73% 42% 95.1% 96.9% 21 6 7.8% 10.6% +1.8% -68% +2.8% DCPS School #2 PreK-8 676 36% 93% 97.7% 98.4% 10 1 81.7% 82.7% +0.7% -87% +1.0% DCPS School #3 PreS-5 379 62% 54% 92.8% 96.4% 246 12 9.6% 23.4% +3.6% -95% +13.8% PCS School #4 PreK-6 310 77% 94.4% 94.7% 60.3% 61.0% +0.3% DCPS school #5 PreS-8 472 11% 59% 93.2% 96.8% 23 40 18.9% 28.0% +3.4% +63% +9.1% Partner School Average 44% 65% 94.6% 96.6% 300/1739 59/1770 35.6% 41.2% +2.0% -83% +5.6% DCPS Elementary Average 94.0% 95.0% 1,192/ 20,214 1,579/ 20,521 42.5% 45.4% +31% +2.9% 10:26 Flamboyan Foundation, Washington ,DC

29 Operationalizing Family Engagement
Create a shared vision of what effective family engagement looks like Adopt a research-based model: APTT Provide ongoing professional development and support for school administrators, teachers and staff Integrate FE into the selected core areas of school improvement Build internal expertise for sustainability Collect data, evaluate, refine

30 Metrics

31 Challenges Refocusing the mind set of administrators and teachers
Perceptions and believes about families Fidelity to the model Budget allocations Teacher professional development Practice materials Translation services for families Childcare Time

32 Potential Funding Sources
Title I Title III 21st Century Homeless Migrant Early Childhood Special Education These programs require compliance in family engagement but efforts by schools/districts are fragmented and lack a shared vision for effective family engagement

33 Questions?

34 Contact Information Maria C. Paredes

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