Presentation on theme: "EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS FOR CO-TEACHERS IN INCLUSION CLASSROOMS"— Presentation transcript:
1EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS FOR CO-TEACHERS IN INCLUSION CLASSROOMS NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS
2Overview of Presentation The first section of our presentation will focus on three areas:Characteristics of Effective Interpersonal Feedback in Inclusion ClassroomsCo-Teaching Communication ConflictsPersonality Styles that Create Conflict Between Co-Teachers
3Characteristics of Effective Interpersonal Feedback in Inclusion Classrooms It is obvious to say that if you have poor interpersonal communications skills (which includes active listening), your ability to co-teach will sufferLines of communications must be open between people who rely on one another to get work done.
4Characteristics of Effective Interpersonal Feedback in Inclusion Classrooms Considering this, co-teachers must be able to both give and receive feedback if they are to perform to expectations, avoid conflicts and misunderstandings, and ultimately succeed in and outside of the classroom
5Characteristics of Effective Interpersonal Feedback in Inclusion Classrooms Knowing your own preferred way to receive feedback from your colleagues is a significant first step in determining how you and your co-teacher will give each other feedback about your activities in a shared classroom
6Characteristics of Effective Interpersonal Feedback in Inclusion Classrooms To collaborate successfully with other teachers and administrators in the co-teaching process, you will need to be adept at giving effective feedback.You will also want to learn to solicit and accept feedback from others as a means of securing valuable information about your own communication behaviors and about your collaborative relationships
7Directed toward changeable behaviors and situations Characteristics of Effective Interpersonal Feedback in Inclusion ClassroomsFeedback has a clear set of characteristics. It should be:DescriptiveSpecificDirected toward changeable behaviors and situationsWell-timedDirectSolicitedConciseAny feedback statement includes ALL of these characteristics
8Descriptive information is nonthreatening and nonjudgmental When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, be Descriptive Rather than Evaluative or AdvisoryAn individual is more likely to listen when someone simply describes what has been observedDescriptive information is nonthreatening and nonjudgmental
9When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, be Descriptive Rather than Evaluative or Advisory Say: “I noticed that you raised your voice” or “I noticed that when Billy approached you, you immediately told him to sit down and didn’t listen to what he was going to tell you”Rather than:You talk too loud all the time…or“You shouldn’t yell”….or“Have you tried keeping a calm voice?”…or“You didn’t do that very well”“Your system makes no sense”These comments are likely to cause the person to feel defensive and criticized rather than willing to make a change
10“You sounded angry” communicates much less than When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Specific Rather than General“You sounded angry” communicates much less than“I noticed that every time you spoke you frowned and raised your voice”
11When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Directed Toward Behavior or a Situation that He/She Can ChangeIn order for feedback to be useful, it needs to be directed at something that the receiver can control or do something aboutFeedback directed toward an attribute or situation the receiver cannot control is generally pointless and likely to interfere with effective communication
12When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Directed Toward Behavior or a Situation that He/She Can ChangePhysical traits such as height, sex, age, or sex and situational aspects such as the size of the room or the administrator’s leadership style are not behaviors that an individual can change
13When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Well-Timed Corrective feedback is most beneficial to learners when it is given immediately following the relevant event or behaviorYou should always ask yourself “Is now the best time to give my co-teacher feedback?”If your co-teacher is extremely busy or rushed, the feedback may be an irritating intrusion
14When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Well-Timed Or if some event has left your colleague upset and confused, immediate feedback may be seen as unduly demanding or even criticalIt’s recommended that you provide feedback as soon as is “appropriate”, not only so that it is recent but also so that it demonstrates your sensitivity to your co-teacher’s receptiveness
15When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Well-Timed Some prefer to hear their co-teacher’s reaction to a co-taught lesson immediately upon its completionOthers are more receptive if they have a break for an hour or as much as a day before “debriefing” with their partnersAs important as “how” teachers give each other feedback is “when” they do so
16When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Direct Rather than Indirect Feedback is most effective when it is given directly to the person who can use it by the person who has made some observationFor example, instead of asking the principal to tell your co-teacher about ineffective teaching behavior, generally you should tell him or her personally
17When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Direct Rather than Indirect Note writing can also be misinterpreted and can decrease the effectiveness of feedbackThis is because the giver cannot check the feedback for accuracy and the receiver cannot adequately clarify it
18When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, Ideally, the Feedback Should be Solicited Feedback, like advice and explanations, is most effective when someone has requested itUnsolicited feedback may make the receiver feel defensive and assume a “Who asked you” attitudeWhen you work with your colleague, you should not assume that your colleague actually wants feedback.You and your co-teacher need to discuss this issue on when feedback should be given
19When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Concise Concise feedback is easier to understand than feedback that contains extraneous detail or information
20When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Concise “In terms of your language, I mean the words you uses, you used complex and technical words that I didn’t understand. The vocabulary you used was too specialized for me to understand. I didn’t know what all your vocabulary meant so I didn’t understand your main points. Everything has to be explained well or I get really disturbed and close out everything you say.”
21When Giving Feedback to Your Co-Teacher, the Feedback Should be Concise “When you used technical terms I got lost. It would help me out a lot if you would define your terms and make your point again.”
22Questions to Ask Before You Give Feedback to Your Co-Teacher In general, when giving feedback to your co-teacher, ask yourself these questions:Will this person understand me?Will this person be able to accept my feedback?Will this person be able to use the information?What is the best way to give my co-teacher feedback?What is the best way to ensure that both positive and negative issues are raised?Remember: Feedback should include not only highlighting those aspects of instruction that are especially successful and satisfying, but also planning alternatives to less successful and satisfying aspects
23Co-Teaching Communication Conflicts The following have been reported in the research as the most often cited problems regarding feedback and communication between co-teachers:Philosophy and BeliefsParity SignalsClassroom RoutinesDisciplineNoisePet Peeves
24Communication About Philosophy and Beliefs Understanding each other’s general instructional beliefs, especially those that affect decisions about instruction, is essential to a strong co-teaching relationshipQuestion to ask: How do our instructional beliefs affect our instructional practice?
25Communication About Parity Signals The nature of co-teaching relationship requires that co-teachers have parity and recognize itQuestions to ask:How will we convey to students that we are equals in the classroomHow can we ensure a sense of parity during instruction
26Examples of Parity Signals Both teachers names on the board or in the printed course scheduleBoth teachers’ signatures on correspondence to parentsIncludes participation in teaching, grading assignments, and assigning report card gradesRemember-Co-teaching is about partnership
27Communication About Classroom Routines Experienced teachers all have preferred classroom routinesThese include organizational routines and instructional routinesTeachers are rarely aware of how many routines they haveRemember-It’s not so important as to whose routines get adopted but the co-teachers, but it is important that both teachers know what the routines will be so that they can consistently communicate them to students
28Communication About Classroom routines Questions to ask:What are the instructional routines for the classroom?What are the organizational routines for the classroom?
29Communication About Discipline What each teacher believes is acceptable behavior and what each views as appropriate responses to unacceptable student behavior should be discussed and “negotiated”Questions to ask:What is considered acceptable and unacceptable student behavior?Who is to intervene at what point in students’ behavior?What are the rewards and consequences used in the classroom?
30Communication About Noise Teachers differ significantly in their tolerance for noise as they do in preferences for discipline strategies or classroom routinesNoise includes teacher talk as well as student generated noiseQuestion to ask: What noise level are we comfortable with in the classroom?
31Communication About Pet Peeves All teachers have a few issues that are especially important to them, or more likely, that bother them a great dealPet peeves are specific triggers that could put relationships in jeopardyFor some, it could be interruption during instruction, while for others it may be the removal of supplies from their desks or failure to put materials away
32Communication About Pet Peeves Some co-teachers do not permit students to return to their lockers after they have come to classSome are very particular in how grades are recorded in the grade bookPet peeves can be about student issues, classroom arrangements or materials, or adult issues
33Communication About Pet Peeves Questions to ask:What aspect of teaching and classroom life does each of us feel strongly aboutHow can we identify our pet peeves so as to avoid them?
34Personality Styles that Create Conflict between Co-Teachers BlockingBeing negative and stubbornly resistant Disagreeing and opposing without or beyond "reason" Attempting to maintain or bring back an issue, direction, or task after it has been rejected or bypassed
35Personality Styles that Create Conflict between Co-Teachers Attacking:Deflating the status of others Expressing disapproval of the values, acts, or feelings of others Attacking the team, the leader or the problem being worked on Joking aggressively Trying to take credit for another's contribution
36Personality Styles that Create Conflict between Co-Teachers Being Playful:Displaying lack of involvement in the team's efforts by cynicism, nonchalance, horseplay
37Personality Styles that Create Conflict between Co-Teachers Seeking Recognition:Boasting, reporting on personal achievements Acting in unusual ways Struggling to prevent being placed in an "inferior" position
38Personality Styles that Create Conflict between Co-Teachers Deserting:Withdrawing in some way Being indifferent, silent, aloof, excessively formal, day dreaming Deliberately doing tasks that are unrelated to team's functions and goals (i.e., grading papers, knitting)
39Personality Styles that Create Conflict between Co-Teachers Dominating:Asserting power or superiority to manipulate the team or certain members of the team by flatteryAsserting a superior status or right to attentionGiving directions autocratically Interrupting the contributions of others