6Resident teaching Serving as a Lecturer Leading Discussions Providing bedside instruction/observationSharing thought processesReviewing/discussing written workListening to/discussing presentations
7Characteristics of Effective Teachers EmpatheticCompassionatePatientInterested in students and their needsSensitiveAccessible
8Residents are clinician teachers As a clinician teacher, residentsHelp studentsAssess learners’ needsImprove learners’ communication skillsCreate interactions with patients/familiesSeek new learning experiences for students
9Resident Teaching Styles Use open-ended questions“Based on the history so far, what diagnoses are you considering?”“What is the significance of…?”“How do you interpret that finding?”“What lab tests would be most helpful?”
10Adult learning styles Use information soon after learning it Learning concepts and principles to solve problemsProceeding at their own paceRelating subject matter to immediate concernsPrefer active learning
11Feedback Adult learners like to know how they are doing Two kinds of evaluation are importantFormative evaluation occurs in a timely ongoing fashion so the learner can change behavior to meet expectationsSummative evaluation is given at the end of the rotation
12Feedback Essentials Timely, ongoing, frequent Specific – based on observed dataPositive when deservedNot demeaning when criticalDescriptive, not evaluativeFocused on something that can be changed (Constructive)
13Approaches to Feedback Given the information you presented the differential diagnosis should have included TB…because…Your differential diagnosis is inadequate.
14Approaches to Feedback You were able to convey empathy and understanding. It helped with the management of a difficult situation.You did a good job.
15Approaches to Feedback While you were talking with the patient, it looked like he was having trouble following you. You might want to speak more slowly and check understanding.The patient can’t understand you because of your accent.
16Student FrustrationsFrequent interruptions when trying to present patientsLack of assistance with physical exam skillsCasual review of written work/delayed return of evaluationsInadequate feedback
17The EndYou have completed the moduleThe Resident as Teacher