Presentation on theme: "Technology Integration What It Means for Our Students and Teachers Midwest Symposium for Leadership in Behavior Disorders February 22, 2002 James D. Basham,"— Presentation transcript:
Technology Integration What It Means for Our Students and Teachers Midwest Symposium for Leadership in Behavior Disorders February 22, 2002 James D. Basham, University of Illinois Technology Across Learning Environments for New Teachers (TALENT)
The Plan.. What is Technology? What is Technology Integration? Examples of a Traditional Vs. an Technology Integrated Lesson Defining the Components of Technology Integration. National Education Technology Standards (NETS) for Teachers Brief Research Findings
Views from the field: “Technology is…” “The use of a computer” -special ed. teacher “Tools to aide the practical application of knowledge” -special ed. teacher “Any tool that takes students beyond the traditional ‘lecture type’ of classroom” -Special Ed. Teacher “Electronic ‘Stuff’ that helps kids learn” -School Principal
What books say Technology is.. “Technology’s essence is nothing technological” (Heidegger, p. 4, 1977) Unfortunately- Technology tends to get overused and affiliated with the use of computers- (Gardner & Edyburn, 2000) A simple working definition… “the system by which a society provides its members with those things needed or desired” -Webster’s
“Using technology to broaden the learning experiences by increasing knowledge, information, and investigation.” -Special Education Teacher What is Technology Integration? “Technology integration is another vehicle to spark student imagination and enhance further learning.” -Special Education Teacher
What is Technology Integration? “Rather than expecting children to learn through lecture format only the integration of technology affords the education to utilize various modes of delivery information to the students.” -General. Ed. Teacher
What is Technology Integration? technology integration should “add value to the curriculum” -Secretary of Education Rod Paige (Newsbytes, 25 January 2002)
The Watching Model.. Traditionally.. “Children go to school to watch teachers work.” ( L. Gomez, TSE Launch, February 8, 2002) Example of a Traditional Lesson on Hurricanes (Must be Online to Access)
Moving Past Watching.. Technology Integration is moving beyond the “watching” model of education. It is a blend of learning theory, teaching practice, student learning, and modern tools. Technology Integrated Lesson on Hurricanes (Must be Online to Access)
Things you already know about Learning Theory.. Extrinsic Vs. Intrinsic Motivation Extrinsic Motivation fades unless continually reinforced or becomes intrinsic. This is true even in technology rich learning environments. Intrinsic Motivation is developed.. This is something that a meaningfully constructed learning environment can foster.
Things you already know about Learning Theory.. Factual Learning Vs. Critical Thinking Factual Learning: Factual learning fades unless reinforced and/or embedded. Factual knowledge is situational- if on “millionaire” you may win a million dollars. Facts May Change- “The Soviet Union is communist country.” Critical Thinking: Critical thinking skills are continually reinforced. Develops skills useful for all domains and throughout life. Provides students with ways to access factual information.
Things you already know about Learning Theory.. The problem with spending too much time teaching students how to critically think is that it doesn’t always help on game shows or on standardized tests.
Teaching Practice.. Traditional Practice 1. Teacher-Centered Instruction 2. Single-sense Stimulation 3. Single-path Progression 4. Single Media 5. Isolated Work 6. Information delivery 7. Passive Learning 8. Factual, knowledge-based learning 9. Reactive response 10. Isolated, artificial context Modern Practice 1. Student-centered instruction 2. Multisensory stimulation 3. Multipath Progression 4. Multimedia 5. Collaborative work 6. Information exchange 7. Active/inquiry-based learning 8. Critical thinking and informed decision making 9. Proactive/planned action 10. Authentic, real-world context ( National Educational Technology Standards, 2000)
Teaching Practice.. ( National Educational Technology Standards, 2000) The Key to Technology Integration is to Blend both Traditional and Modern Forms of Teaching. The Goal is to Provide Students with Meaningful Academic, Technical, and Thinking Skills.
Student Learning.. Communicate using a variety of media and formats Access and exchange information in a variety of ways Compile, organize, analyze, and synthesize information Draw conclusions and make generalizations based on information gathered Know content and be able to locate additional information as needed Become self-directed learners Collaborate and cooperate in team efforts Interact with others in ethical and appropriate ways. ( National Educational Technology Standards, 2000) The students should be enabled to:
Modern Tools.. Modern Tools provide.. Access to information Enhance forms of communication A visible and tangible platform for enhancing critical- thinking skills Part of technology integration is providing ubiquitous access to the tools and skills for completing a task.
Modern Tools.. The cost of technology is too much.. A modern multimedia computer retails for about $1000.00. If a district with 10,000 students which normally spends $3500 per head, budgeted $20.00 (or.6%) of the annual budget for technology they would have $200,000 to spend per year. $100 or 2.9% would give them 1 Million per year.
Modern Tools.. What tools do you need? There is no magic formula- the types and number of tools rely on the tasks at hand. Computers and access to the web provide a backbone for many tasks. The tools may not be clearly defined but the skills are defined in the National Technology Standards for Teachers.
NETS For Teachers T he Six Domains as Defined by NETS for Teachers Technology Operations and Concepts Planning and Designing Learning Environments and Experiences Teaching, Learning and the Curriculum Assessment and Evaluation Productivity and Professional Practice Social, Ethical, Legal, and Human Issue NETS for students, teachers, and administrators can be located* at http://www.iste.org or http://cnets.iste.orghttp://www.iste.orghttp://cnets.iste.org *Also located on session handout
When technology is integrated.. Increase in student writing skills Increase in student participation Increase in student on-task behavior Increase in student critical thinking and reasoning skills A strengthened teacher community Increase in parent involvement Students have Better Attitudes and Self Image