Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Teaching Tips for Residents. Learning Objectives To Explore some characteristics of good teachers To Review Teaching Tips To Learn the 5 Microskills of.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Teaching Tips for Residents. Learning Objectives To Explore some characteristics of good teachers To Review Teaching Tips To Learn the 5 Microskills of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teaching Tips for Residents

2 Learning Objectives To Explore some characteristics of good teachers To Review Teaching Tips To Learn the 5 Microskills of the One- Minute Preceptor

3 Characteristics of Good Teachers Enthusiastic Ask Questions Nonthreatening Promote self learning Recognize the needs of the learner Knowledgable

4 Orient Your Learners You can’t get to your target if you don’t know where you want to be Review Learning Objectives Outline expectations Assess their needs Organize the month/Experience Assign responsibilities

5 Role Model Be professional Have a good attitude Be on time Pitch in/lead from the front Treat everyone with respect

6 Create a Good Learning Environment Show enthusiasm Involve your students Be friendly Be consistent Ask questions in a non-threatening way

7 Put Forth an Effort Take the time to teach! Give students assignments when things are busy

8 Teach What You Know Students need to know how to present, how to write orders, how to examine patients, how to read chest x-rays, how to replace K+, where the bathroom is, etc. Recognize that you learn by teaching

9 Give Feedback Feedback is absolutely crucial for improvement Let your team know what they are doing well and where they can improve

10 Pitfalls in Clinical Teaching Taking over the patient/case Inappropriate lecturing Insufficient “wait time” on questions Leading questions -”Could this be pneumonia?” Pushing Past Ability

11 Teacher Reasoning and Action Diagnose the Patient Diagnose the Learner 1. Get a commitment 2. Probe for evidence Teach Teach general rules. Provide feedback. Correct mistakes.

12 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING The One Minute Preceptor This is one technique to recognize teaching within time constraints

13 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING 1.Get a Commitment 2.Probe for Supporting Evidence 3.Teach General Principles 4.Reinforce What was Done Well 5.Correct Mistakes

14 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING Step One: Get a CommitmentStep One: Get a Commitment –“What do you think is going on with this patient?” –“What would you like to do?” –Even a hunch or guess is better for learning than no commitment.

15 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING Step Two: Probe for Supporting EvidenceStep Two: Probe for Supporting Evidence –“What led you to that diagnosis?” –“Why did you choose that follow up test?” –Helps teacher identify what the learner does and does not know. –Must not be intimidating or antagonistic

16 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING Step Three: Teach General RulesStep Three: Teach General Rules –“Reactivation TB is more commonly an upper lobe process.” “Small cell lung cancer is typically centrally located.” –Can skip if learner already knows general principles.

17 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING Step Four: Reinforce What Was Done RightStep Four: Reinforce What Was Done Right –“It was good that you considered the patient’s smoking history when you read the chest x-ray.” –Must reward specific competencies.

18 FIVE-STEP MICROSKILLS MODEL OF CLINICAL TEACHING Step Five: Correct MistakesStep Five: Correct Mistakes –Have them self-critique first. –Best done in private. Be specific. –“Actually, the most common pneumonia in HIV patients is Strep pneumoniae.”

19 Learning Objectives To Explore some characteristics of good teachers To Review Teaching Tips To Learn the 5 Microskills of the One- Minute Preceptor


Download ppt "Teaching Tips for Residents. Learning Objectives To Explore some characteristics of good teachers To Review Teaching Tips To Learn the 5 Microskills of."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google