Presentation on theme: "Teacher Expectancy Effects General expectations include teachers' beliefs about: –changeability versus the rigidity of students' abilities, –students'"— Presentation transcript:
Teacher Expectancy Effects General expectations include teachers' beliefs about: –changeability versus the rigidity of students' abilities, –students' potential to benefit from instruction, –appropriate difficulty of material for the class, and –whether the class should be taught as a group or individually
The Pygmalion Effect Self-fulfilling prophecy Teacher expectancy effect “Professor Henry Higgins instructs Liza Doolittle”
Teacher expectancy effect: Teacher expects a specific behavior from specific student Because of these expectations, teacher behaves differently toward student This treatment tells student what behavior teacher expects from them If the treatment is consistent, it will shape the student’s behavior over time Students’ behavior will conform more and more closely to teacher’s expectation of them
Robert Rosenthal & Lenore Jacobson Pygmalion in the classroom: Teachers’ expectation and students’ intellectual development (1968)
Robert Merton (1948) Self-fulfilling prophecy: –Belief –Prophecy –Prophecy fulfilled
Pygmalion study: "the change in the teachers' expectations regarding the intellectual performance of these allegedly 'special' children had led to an actual change in the intellectual performance of these randomly selected children"