In 2005, the EFAP undertook a European survey to review and assess the impact of the Resolution on Architectural Quality in the Urban and Rural Environments (2001/C 73/04).
1. Introduction In 2005, the EFAP undertook a European survey to review and assess the impact of the Resolution on Architectural Quality in the Urban and Rural Environments (2001/C 73/04).
1. Introduction 5 years after the previous survey and 10 years after the Council Resolution, the EFAP is repeating the survey in order to measure the progress of the implementation of the architectural policies in the European Union. Moreover, the current survey also tries to assess the impact of the Council Conclusions on Architecture: Culture's Contribution to Sustainable Development (2008/C 319/05)
2. Survey A questionnaire was circulated by email to governmental departments responsible for architectural policy within each Member State. To optimize the reliability of the information collected the questionnaire was only distributed to governmental departments.
2. Survey Scope: - 27 Members States (33 Administrations) - 4 Candidates countries - 2 Reference countries TOTAL: 37
2. Timeline Dissemination: 28 December 2010 First deadline: 31 January 2011 Second deadline: 28 February 2011 Presentation of results: 5 May 2011
3.1 Does a specific department exist in charge of architectural policy? Yes1848% No1951%
3.2 Name of specific department in charge of architectural policy.
3.3 Ministry responsible for architecture policy.
3.3 Existence of any official publication outlining Government Policy on Architecture? Yes1951% No1849%
Yes (19) No (18) 3.3 Existence of any official publication outlining Government Policy on Architecture?
In a fast analysis it is possible to identify three main types of documents : a)Legislation (France); b)Policies (Belgium / Flanders; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Ireland; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Netherlands; UK / Scotland; UK / Northern Ireland; Sweden; Croatia; Iceland; Norway); c)Sectoral official documents (Cyprus, UK / England and UK / Wales) Types of official publications on architecture policy
Type 1 - Legislation In the European panorama France was a pioneer country defining a national Law on architecture in 1977, Loi 77-2 sur l'architecture. The Law was the basis for the creation of: Mission Interministérielle pour la Qualité des Construtions Publiques (MIQCP); Conseils d´Architecture, d´Urbanisme et de l´Environnement (CAUE).
Type 2 – Policy documents The policy documents are develop by the Government and generally approved / adopted by the Parliament and usually include: aims and principles to improve architectural quality; objectives and means in the different governmental areas; actors involved in the implementation process; and in some cases, a policy budget.
In 1991, the Netherlands approved the first national government memorandum on architectural policy, entitled Space for Architecture. Covering 1991-1996, the policy paper focused on the role of the government as a contracting party and on improving the architectural climate. Type 2 – Policy documents
Since then, every 4/5 years, the Dutch Parliament approves a new version of the policy: The Architecture of Space (1997-2000); Shaping the Netherlands (2001-2004); Architecture and Belvedere Policy (2005-2008); A Culture of Design (2008-2011) Type 2 – Policy documents
Chronological development of national architectural policies
Type 3 – Sectoral policy documents Some countries have enriched policy concerns in specific / sectoral policy documents. For example, England does not have an national architectural policy per se, but the publications of CABE and Better Public Buildings initiative fulfill the same remit.
Types of official documents on architecture policy Type 1: 1 Type 2: 14 Type 3: 3 No: 18
Already exist1951% Yes1232% No411% No information25% 4.6 If there is no official publication, is there any plan to develop one?
Type 1: 1 Type 2: 15 Type 3: 3 Progress: 12 No plan: 4 Unknown: 2
Existent: 19 Progress: 12 No plan: 4 Unknown: 2 Official national documents on architecture policy
A process of Europeanization is occurring, where through bench- marking each country learn form the other and make possible a more convergence between the policies; The Council Resolution and Conclusions documents are having a positive impact at European level in encouraging the Member States to promote architectural quality; 4. Preliminary Conclusions
Some questions can be made about the real impact extent of the Council Resolution and Conclusions in the governmental programmes and procurement processes; Some countries have mentioned the need for more evidence and research at European level that support the benefits and effectiveness of national architectural policies.
João Ferreira Bento (PT) Yvette Masson-Zanussi (EFAP) EFAP SURVEY ON EUROPEAN ARCHITECTURAL POLICIES PRELIMINARY RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS