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 Three Branches of Government How the United States government is structured and organized.

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Presentation on theme: " Three Branches of Government How the United States government is structured and organized."— Presentation transcript:


2  Three Branches of Government How the United States government is structured and organized.

3 What is the United States government? Federal Government  The U.S. is a federal state  Union of self-governing states or regions united by a central government  Division of power between component states and the central government Constitutional Republic  Republican form of government – a form of public matter where officials are elected or appointed  Government established under a constitution  Seeks the rights of individuals and groups within the republic

4 The Constitution  Created by our Founding Fathers (Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock, etc.)  Grew out of problems with the Articles of Confederation  Created from the Constitutional Convention  Consists of the Bill of Rights (first 10 Amendments) and other Amendments

5 Democratic Nation  The U.S. is also a democratic nation in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives  Promotes voting rights and equal say for the government  Encompasses social, economic and cultural conditions

6 Voting & Election Process  Voting rights given to the people from the U.S. Constitution & the form of government  Every citizen allowed to vote in their respective county and state  Citizens can vote on electing officials and representatives and referendums  Federal elections occur every two years on the first Tuesday after the 1 st Monday in November  Votes for new President every four years  Electoral College dictates Presidential Candidate

7 Checks & Balances  Originated from the writings of Montesquieu in “The Spirit of the Laws”  Separated into three powers by the U.S. Constitution: Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches  System created to have an equal government where each branch does not have more power than the other

8 Legislative Branch  Comprised of Congress: House of Representatives and Senate  Sole power to legislate and enact laws  Powers include: -Writes and enacts laws -Declares war -May start investigations -Creates Presidential appoint. -Senate ratifies treaties -House of Representatives may impeach

9 Executive Branch  Executive Branch consists of the U.S. President and his cabinet  President becomes Commander in Chief  Powers include: -May veto laws -Wages war at the direction of Congress -Makes decrees or declarations -Appoints judges and executive department heads

10 Judiciary Branch  Power to decide cases and controversies  Consists of the U.S. Supreme Court  Consists of 9 judges that are appointed by the President  Determines… -Which laws Congress intended to apply to any given case -Whether a law is unconstitutional -How Congress meant the law to apply to disputes -Polices its own members

11 How Checks & Balances Work

12 Central & State Government  Under the 10 th Amendment, all powers are not granted to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people  All state governments are modeled after the federal government  Also consists of three branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial  Constitution mandates that all states uphold a republican form of government

13  Thank you! You may repeat the presentation on the United States Government and the Three Branches by clicking the button below.

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