Presentation on theme: "Three Branches of Government"— Presentation transcript:
1Three Branches of Government How the United States government is structured and organized.
2What is the United States government? Federal GovernmentConstitutional RepublicThe U.S. is a federal stateUnion of self-governing states or regions united by a central governmentDivision of power between component states and the central governmentRepublican form of government – a form of public matter where officials are elected or appointedGovernment established under a constitutionSeeks the rights of individuals and groups within the republic
3The ConstitutionCreated by our Founding Fathers (Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock, etc.)Grew out of problems with the Articles of ConfederationCreated from the Constitutional ConventionConsists of the Bill of Rights (first 10 Amendments) and other Amendments
4Democratic NationThe U.S. is also a democratic nation in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their livesPromotes voting rights and equal say for the governmentEncompasses social, economic and cultural conditions
5Voting & Election Process Voting rights given to the people from the U.S. Constitution & the form of governmentEvery citizen allowed to vote in their respective county and stateCitizens can vote on electing officials and representatives and referendumsFederal elections occur every two years on the first Tuesday after the 1st Monday in NovemberVotes for new President every four yearsElectoral College dictates Presidential Candidate
6Checks & BalancesOriginated from the writings of Montesquieu in “The Spirit of the Laws”Separated into three powers by the U.S. Constitution: Legislative, Executive and Judicial branchesSystem created to have an equal government where each branch does not have more power than the other
7Legislative BranchComprised of Congress: House of Representatives and SenateSole power to legislate and enact lawsPowers include: -Writes and enacts laws -Declares war -May start investigations -Creates Presidential appoint. -Senate ratifies treaties -House of Representatives may impeach
8Executive BranchExecutive Branch consists of the U.S. President and his cabinetPresident becomes Commander in ChiefPowers include: -May veto laws -Wages war at the direction of Congress -Makes decrees or declarations -Appoints judges and executive department heads
9Judiciary Branch Power to decide cases and controversies Consists of the U.S. Supreme CourtConsists of 9 judges that are appointed by the PresidentDetermines… -Which laws Congress intended to apply to any given case -Whether a law is unconstitutional -How Congress meant the law to apply to disputes -Polices its own members
11Central & State Government Under the 10th Amendment, all powers are not granted to the federal government are reserved for the states and the peopleAll state governments are modeled after the federal governmentAlso consists of three branches: Executive, Legislative and JudicialConstitution mandates that all states uphold a republican form of government
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