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By Emily McCutchan. GREEN MEANS IMPORTANT FACT There are more than five of these.

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Presentation on theme: "By Emily McCutchan. GREEN MEANS IMPORTANT FACT There are more than five of these."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Emily McCutchan

2 GREEN MEANS IMPORTANT FACT There are more than five of these

3 Indian Removal Act  The Indian Removal Act stated that the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee- Creek, and Seminole Indians had to move West of the Mississippi River.  The Washington and Jefferson administrations had left these five tribes East because they had adopted civilized behavior  President Jackson had believed that the time for them to be there had passed, and that they had to be removed, forcibly.  The forced removal of these five tribes is called the Trail of Tears.

4 Choctaw-1831  The Choctaw moved peacefully  Treaties, starting in 1801, reduced the Choctaw Nation to 11 million acres  In 1831, the Choctaw signed the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, which gave the US government their land, under the provision that some of their people could stay  About 25% died on the journey

5 Seminole-1833  The Seminole had an armed resistance against movement  The Seminole disregarded the Treaty of Payne’s Landing, which caused the Second Seminole War.  Over a period of about 20 years, the war was won by the Seminole, and they were allowed to keep their land as a reservation.  The Seminole still are in Florida today, won through arms.

6 Muscogee-Creek  The Muscogee-Creek Indians were forced out by unnecessary military action  The Treaty of Indian Springs took the Creek out of their territory  This treaty was later nullified, but Georgia acted as if it was not  President Adams called out the Army after Georgia, but didn’t fight due to fear of a civil war  The Creek went to the territory  Alabama later signed a treaty to force the Creek from their territory, and the natives looked for help from the national government, which was denied by President Jackson  The Creeks ended up with individual lots of land which they could sell  The Secretary of War pushed the natives out with the military due to frequent arguments with the Alabama citizens

7 Chickasaw  The Chickasaw sold their territory  They took the money that they had received and bought land off of the Choctaw  They followed the routes established by the Creek and Choctaw

8 Cherokee  There was gold found on Cherokee land, and people started invading in 1829, and Georgia tried to impose state laws on them  The Cherokee went to the Supreme court over this, which the Court promptly squashed with the fact that they were a dependent nation  A missionary was later able to convince the court that only the national government had any kind of jurisdiction over the Cherokee  President Jackson had militias gathered up with his powers from the Indian Removal Act, and they forced a march on the Cherokee people to the Indian Territory

9 Six Facts  The Trail of Tears was the forced removal of the Choctaw, Seminole, Muscogee-Creek, Chickasaw, and Cherokee Indians  The Choctaw moved peacefully  The Seminole won their territory through armed resistance  The Muscogee-Creek Indians were forced out through military force  The Chickasaw sold their territory  President Jackson forced a march on the Cherokee using his powers from the Indian Removal Act

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