2 GREEN MEANS IMPORTANT FACT There are more than five of these
3 Indian Removal Act- 1830The Indian Removal Act stated that the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee- Creek, and Seminole Indians had to move West of the Mississippi River.The Washington and Jefferson administrations had left these five tribes East because they had adopted civilized behaviorPresident Jackson had believed that the time for them to be there had passed, and that they had to be removed, forcibly.The forced removal of these five tribes is called the Trail of Tears.
4 Choctaw-1831 The Choctaw moved peacefully Treaties, starting in 1801, reduced the Choctaw Nation to 11 million acresIn 1831, the Choctaw signed the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, which gave the US government their land, under the provision that some of their people could stayAbout 25% died on the journey
5 Seminole-1833 The Seminole had an armed resistance against movement The Seminole disregarded the Treaty of Payne’s Landing, which caused the Second Seminole War.Over a period of about 20 years, the war was won by the Seminole, and they were allowed to keep their land as a reservation.The Seminole still are in Florida today, won through arms.
6 Muscogee-CreekThe Muscogee-Creek Indians were forced out by unnecessary military actionThe Treaty of Indian Springs took the Creek out of their territoryThis treaty was later nullified, but Georgia acted as if it was notPresident Adams called out the Army after Georgia, but didn’t fight due to fear of a civil warThe Creek went to the territoryAlabama later signed a treaty to force the Creek from their territory, and the natives looked for help from the national government, which was denied by President JacksonThe Creeks ended up with individual lots of land which they could sellThe Secretary of War pushed the natives out with the military due to frequent arguments with the Alabama citizens
7 Chickasaw- 1836 The Chickasaw sold their territory They took the money that they had received and bought land off of the ChoctawThey followed the routes established by the Creek and Choctaw
8 CherokeeThere was gold found on Cherokee land, and people started invading in 1829, and Georgia tried to impose state laws on themThe Cherokee went to the Supreme court over this, which the Court promptly squashed with the fact that they were a dependent nationA missionary was later able to convince the court that only the national government had any kind of jurisdiction over the CherokeePresident Jackson had militias gathered up with his powers from the Indian Removal Act, and they forced a march on the Cherokee people to the Indian Territory
9 Six FactsThe Trail of Tears was the forced removal of the Choctaw, Seminole, Muscogee-Creek, Chickasaw, and Cherokee IndiansThe Choctaw moved peacefullyThe Seminole won their territory through armed resistanceThe Muscogee-Creek Indians were forced out through military forceThe Chickasaw sold their territoryPresident Jackson forced a march on the Cherokee using his powers from the Indian Removal Act