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Basic Concepts of Democracy Chapter 1 Section 3. Objective  Identify and Explain the Foundations of Democracy.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Concepts of Democracy Chapter 1 Section 3. Objective  Identify and Explain the Foundations of Democracy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Concepts of Democracy Chapter 1 Section 3

2 Objective  Identify and Explain the Foundations of Democracy

3 Basic Foundations  Worth of the Individual  Equality of All Persons  Majority Rule, Minority Rights  Necessity of Compromise  Individual Freedom

4 Worth of the Individual  Each individual is important  Can be forced to do things for the betterment of all  Pay taxes  Register for Draft

5 Equality of All Persons  “All Men are Created Equal”  Does not mean:  Right to equal share  Means:  Every person entitled to equality of opportunity  Equality before law *A person’s race, gender, religion should not stop from anything

6 Majority Rule, Minority Rights  Majority will be right more often than wrong  Not looking for right or best way  Simply searching for what is satisfactory  At same time must respect the minority  Must have chance to become Majority

7 Necessity of Compromise  Decision making must be Give and Take  Compromise to benefit the greater majority  COMPROMISE  Process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests  A MUST in a democracy for 2 reasons  Individual first and = to all others  Very few public decisions have only 2 answers

8 Individual Freedom  Not Absolute Freedom  Only exists in Anarchy  One man’s rights ends when another man’s rights being stepped on  Democracies find difficult balancing one’s liberty with one’s authority

9 Objective  Analyze connections between democracy and free enterprise system

10 Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship  Duties:  Jury Duty  Serving as a witness  Attend School  Pay Taxes  Register for Draft (Males ONLY)  Obeying Laws  Respect rights of others  Responsibilities:  Voting  Volunteering  Participating in Government  Understand how our Government works

11 Democracy and the Free Enterprise System  FREE ENTERPRISE  Private ownership of capital goods, investments made by private decision, success or failure determined in the marketplace  Based on 4 fundamental factors:  Private Ownership  Individual initiative  Profit  Competition

12 How the System Works  Government decisions not necessary  Marketplace makes decisions:  What to Produce  How to Produce  For Whom to Produce  Democracy is a Political System  Free Enterprise is an Economic System  HOWEVER,  The 2 reinforce each other with INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM

13 American Government and the Free Enterprise System  Government participates in the Economy  To Protect the Public  Preserve Private Enterprise  EXAMPLES  Anti-trust laws  Food and Drug Adm.  EPA  Zoning laws  Government Support Systems  Transportation system, public schools, USPS  How much should Government do is part of POLITICS


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