3 Political PartiesA group that seeks to elect candidates to public office by supplying them with a label by which they are known by the electorate. PRIMARY GOAL “elect candidates to public office.”
4 Purposes They ServeLabel Political parties exist as a label (or brand) in the eyes of the voters. That label allows voters who might not be familiar with individual candidates to have a general idea of their values Organization Parties seek to recruit potential candidates and to help campaign on their behalf for political office Set of Leaders Once elected party members work together to organize and control the branches of government they are in so they can achieve their policy goals.
5 There are really only two parties that matter U.S. Party SystemThere are really only two parties that matterAlthough the United States has multiple parties...
6 Two Party SystemDespite the presence of multiple parties we are a two party system because on a national level we really only have two political parties that have a legitimate chance at capturing offices and control of government.
7 Why a Two Party System? Electoral System - Winner-Take-All Elections: Part of the Electoral College (if you win a state you get ALL of the state’s votes)- Plurality System: In Europe there is proportional representation. Here the most votes wins the seat with nothing for second place.2) Opinions of Voters- Two broad coalitions fit our national views on issues.3) State Election Laws- State elections laws make it hard for minor party candidates to get on the ballot.
8 The Role of Minor Parties Despite the fact that their chances at winning elections are minimal they exist because some people believe that voting their conscious is more important than winning. However they do impact our system in other ways. Minor Parties… - Serve as a protest vote - Develop ideas often “borrowed” by major parties - Bring up issues that are ignored by the major parties - Can serve as a “spoiler” in close elections.
9 Modern Political Parties Modern Political Parties have become much weaker than they were in the past.The proportion of people identifying with a political party has declined from 1960 to1972% identified as either Republican or Democrat.Today- 60.8%More people today vote a split-ticket (vote for members of different parties in elections ex. A Republican for Congress but a Democrat for President) than in the past.
10 The Modern Democratic Party Evolution… : The Democratic-Republican Party (Jefferson) organizes to opposed The Federalist Party : The Democratic Party is formed when factions within the party emerge with elites supporting John Quincy Adams and the rank and file supporting Andrew Jackson. Jackson ends up winning the Presidency : Although the name stays the same The Democratic Party “realigns” its priorities. FDR runs for President during the Great Depression and turns the Democrats from the party of White Southerners into a broad based coalition of various groups.
11 The “Typical” Democrat The Typical Democrat is a Black woman living in the city who is an immigrant and both Catholic and Jewish….The Typical Democrat is a Black woman living in the city who is an immigrant and both Catholic and Jewish….There really is no such thing as a “Typical” Democrat.
12 Factions Within the Party The Democratic PartyRadicalPuristsNew Deal DemocratsNeo-LiberalsRadicalLiberalModerate
13 The Factions Radical Purists The Far Left of the Party. Believe in massive intervention of the government to secure equality (Both Political and Economic)New Deal DemocratsTraditional Democrats dating back to FDR. Government needs to provide a safety net for the people at the bottom of society.Neo-LiberalsBelieve in the safety net aspect but require people to meet the government half way on many aspects.
14 The Modern Republican Party Evolution… : The Democratic-Republicans who backed Adams join with members of the Federalist Party to create the Whig Party : The tensions of Slavery cause a minor party (The Republicans) to form. The Republicans popularity replaces the Whigs as the second major party in the country : The Republican Party switches its focus to economics, supporting the growth of big business : After the South rejects the Democratic Party, The Republican Party employs the Southern Strategy, focusing on returning certain powers to the state and opposing the growth of the federal government
15 The “Typical” Republican White Anglo Saxon Protestant Males with higher incomes.
16 The Republican Party Factions Within the Party Moderate Conservative Wall Street RepublicansEasy Street RepublicansNot-On-My StreetRepublciansModerateConservativeReactionary
17 The Factions Wall Street Republicans Economic Conservatives who range from Liberal to Moderate Social Conservatives. Tend to live in the Northeast.Easy Street RepublicansRepublicans who generally want a reduced role of government in all aspects of their lives.Not-On-My Street RepublicansSocial Conservatives who put the most emphasis on a candidates stance on what they believe are “moral issues.”