Presentation on theme: "The Essentials of Sabah SDI based on RIAM Analysis"— Presentation transcript:
1The Essentials of Sabah SDI based on RIAM Analysis Doria Tai Yun TyngPrincipal Assistant DirectorGeospatial Development and Management SectionLands and Surveys Department SabahMalaysia Geospatial Forum 2012Spatial Data InfrastructureFor E-GovernanaceHoliday Inn Melaka 6-7 March 2012
4BackgroundSabah SDIState Remote Sensing Committee (SRSC) formed in 1990SRSC revamped as Sabah Geographic Data Coordination Working Committee (SGDC) in 1998SGDC is under Sabah IT CouncilImplemented SDI Project via MyGDI Sabah in 1998
5Structure of SGDC SGDC Working Committee Sabah IT CouncilChair : Chief Minister of SabahSGDC Working CommitteeChair : State Secretary of SabahSGDC Technical CommitteeChair : Director of Lands & SurveysData Infostructure Work GroupChair : Director of Lands & SurveysData Commercialisation Work GroupChair : Permanent Secretary of FinanceFramework Deploment Work GroupChair : Permanent Secretary of IT5
6Lands and Surveys Department Kota Kinabalu City Hall Agencies chosen for NaLIS Pilot Project in 1999Agencies joined since 2008 as MyGDI Sabah AgenciesLands and Surveys DepartmentKota Kinabalu City HallAgricullture DepartmentForestry DepartmentPublic Works DepartmentFishery DepartmentDrainage and Irrigation DepartmentTown & Regional Planning DepartmentMineral & Geoscience DepartmentStatistics DepartmentSandakan Town CouncilWater DepartmentIndustrial Research & Development DepartmentEnvironment Protection DepartmentSabah ParksSabah Topo and Mapping Department6
7SALIS OpenGIS Standard ODBC MyGDIClientSabah.NetAdministratorInternetMyGDI Gateway(NRE)Virtual Natural Resource Environmental Data RepositoryAn OverviewJabatan Kerja RayaRoadNetworkForestJabatan PerhutananODBCOpenGIS StandardJabatan PerangkaanStatisticsGeologyJabatan Mineral& GeosainsSALISJabatan Tanahdan UkurJabatan Perairandan SaliranCoastal ProfileRiversLand UseSoil CapabilityJabatan PertanianFisheryJabatan PerikananDewan BandarayaKota KinabaluAssessmentProperty-based TaxJabatan PerancangBandar dan WilayahPlanningDIDRIndustry PlanningFactoriesEPDEnvironmentConservationMPSAssessmentHousingSabah ParksParks facilityConservationsWater DepartmentWater SupplyNetwork7
8Spatial Data Infrastructure for Sabah - The Vision Towards a holistic and sustainable geo-information infrastructure as the catalyst to elevate the quality of life8
9Spatial Data Infrastructure for Sabah - SGDC Mission Statement To develop a sustainable geo-spatial infostructure to facilitate Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) implementation for the State of Sabah via continuous collaborative activities:in developing the Framework Data Sets, Metadata, Data Standards, Clearinghouse operations as well as the Institutional Framework by adopting a product-based approach;To intensify data development to build-up comprehensive geospatial data sets as well as capacity building to maintain currency of the same;9
10Spatial Data Infrastructure for Sabah - SGDC Mission Statement To develop a sustainable geo-spatial infostructure to facilitate Spatial Data Infrastructure (GDI) implementation for the State of Sabah via continuous collaborative activities:to promote and expedite the sharing, exchange, dissemination and use of spatial information, enabling geo-information for making informed decisions;for homogeneous development of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for Sabah through instilling and educate the significance of SDI for sustainable natural resource and environment management.10
13Components of Sabah SDI Framework Data sets provide information for analysis to make informed decision.Standards ensure the uniformity in data structure/coding to allow data accessed and used easily by ALL USERS.Metadata simply means data about data, which defines the “history” of particular spatial data set.Clearinghouse is the common portal OR point of access to spatial information available, regardless of “who is the owner”.Institutional Framework concerns “policies to govern” the sharing, pricing, transfer and usage of spatial data, protection to custodians including data security, copyrights and liability of data usage, access over internet and so forth.13
14Components of Sabah SDI People and Culture emphasise on the ability to enlist all stakeholders to utilise the infrastructure which includes the extent of political support, the clarity of the business objective in SDI development, the continuous funding support, the degree of sharing within the context of culture of the community it serves.People is liken to the heartbeat of the SDI implementationmajor deciding factor on the successful implementation of SDI14
16RIAM provides a basis of comparison of the impacts across all environments. RIAM was developed Mr Christopher Pastakia when he worked with "VKI, the Danish Water Quality Institute“. The concept of RIAM was developed by him in the late1980's to demonstrate the degree of change impacting the various environments.
17The RIAM criteria are placed in two groups: Group ACriteria that are of importance to the condition that can individually change the score obtainedGroup BCriteria that are of value to the situation that should not be capable of individually changing the score obtained
18A1. Importance of the condition A2. Magnitude of change/effect The RIAM criteria are:A1. Importance of the condition(the spatial aspects of change)A2. Magnitude of change/effect(the size/scale of change)B1. PermanenceB2. ReversibilityB3. Cumulation
19The RIAM criteria are assessed using the formulae: (A1) x (A2) = At(B1)+(B2)+(B3) = Bt(At) x (Bt) = ScoreThe scores are then converted into range bands that define the impact condition.
21Impact Information List RIAM ComponentsConsiderationsPhysical / Chemical (PC)Minimum damage to PC sphere of earthBiological / Ecological (BE)Minimise damage to BESustainable DevelopmentSociological / Cultural (SC)Improve yield, income & livingEconomic / Operational (EO)Ensure sufficient fundingEnsure improved income
22Economic / Operational (EO) Components Selected Change In Cost to develop Framework DataChange in Cost to maintain Framework DataChange In Cost to carry Data AnalysisChange In Cost to build InfrastructureChange In Cost to build Data CenterChange In Cost to maintain Data CenterChange In Cost In Avoiding DuplicationChange In Cost to Government to carry out standardsChange In Cost to Private Companies to comply with standardsChange in Income of Geospatial Personels
23Sociological / Cultural (SC) Components Selected Change in Mindset to Data SharingChange in Mindset to avoid Data DuplicationChange in Capacity to process Geospatial Analysis
24Biological / Ecological (BE) Components Selected Change in Carbon emission from Data Center
25RIAM Scores Project SDI Components Code Option/ No: Policy Env. Range Option/No:PolicyEnv.RangeOpt.GraphComponentsRIAM Criteria ScoresScoreValueNameDescriptionA1A2B1B2B3ESRVE/O1Change In Cost to develop Framework Data4-23-72-EE/O 1-52Change in Cost to maintain Framework Data-1-36-DE/O 2-4Change In Cost to carry Data Analaysis-18-BE/O 3Change In Cost to build InfrastructureE/O 45Change In Cost to build Data CenterE/O 56Change In Cost to maintain Data CenterE/O 67Change In Cost In Avoiding Duplication64DE/O 78Change In Cost to Government to carry out standards-32-CE/O 8-39Change In Cost to Private Companies to comply wtith standards-16B/E 110Change in Income of Geospatial Personnels16BE/O 10S/CChange in Mindset to Data Sharing32CS/C 1Change in Mindset to avoid Data DuplicationS/C 2Change in Capacity to process Geospatial AnalysisS/C 3B/EChange in Carbon emmission from Data Center
26RIAM Comments RIAM Criteria Scores A1 A2 B1 B2 B3 Fedearal & State government to provide fundingInvestement more than Hundreds of MillionsInvestment is permanentExpenditure is not irrevisibleSynergistic in natureContinuous maintenance cost about Tens of ThousandsExpenditure is permanentIndividual Agency providing the fundContinuous Incidental cost about Tens of ThousandsInvestement more than Tens of ThousandsSavings of MillionsMay be reversedCost to carry out promotionImprovement of Income of RM3000 eachIncome is permanentPersonnels within individual agencyPositive outlook on Data SharingMindset change is permanentMinimise duplication costingImprovement of capacity to process analysisCapacity building is permanentSlight Carbon Emission due to servers' heatCarbon is temporary
31Conclusion RIAM Analysis shows that the SDI components :- Require Capital Investment from Federal & State governmentsRequire Continuous Maintenance & Compliance from the agenciesThe benefits as a ROI (Return of Investment) shows savings from data duplication avoidanceThe increase of data sharing cultureThe increase of income from SDI activities (private sector)
32ConclusionIf we were to use 7 words to explain SDI through RIAM results :-Investment of SDI brings ROI to government and private sectors in the areas of Saving, Sharing and improve Decision Making by using Spatial Data.
33ConclusionRIAM Analysis can be used as a analysis tool to demonstrate the details to the government in soliciting support and funding.With more information and details, the RIAM analysis could be re-visited / enhanced and show greater details in the results / scenarios.