Presentation on theme: "COMBATING CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC SERVICES"— Presentation transcript:
1 COMBATING CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC SERVICES Government of IndiaCOMBATINGCORRUPTION INPUBLIC SERVICES
2 India Overview World’s largest and a vibrant democracy Rule of law enshrined in ConstitutionSeparation of Powers (Legislature, Executive and Judiciary)Right to Equality and Equality of opportunityAffirmative action for disadvantaged.Independent and Proactive JudiciaryFree Press & MediaLiberalised Economy
3 Corruption Pernicious and Visible impediment to good governance India 47th most corrupt country – China 31st (World Bank, 2006)India 70th in Corruption Perception Index (T I 2006)Incidence widely known but impact little realized
6 Strategy Institutional Restraints Political Accountability - Independent and proactive judiciary- Legislative oversight- Independent prosecution, EnforcementPolitical Accountability- Political competition –Multi Parties- Transparency in party financing- Disclosure of voting- Asset declaration, office of profit act
7 Strategy Civil Society Participation Competitive Private Sector - Right to Information Act- Public hearings- Role for media/NGOsCompetitive Private Sector- Economic Reforms- Competitive restructuring of monopolies- Regulatory simplification and standards- Transparency in corporate governance- Collective business associations
8 Strategy Public Service Management - Meritocratic civil service, adequate pay- Budget management- Tax and customs administration- Enhancing public service delivery- Decentralization with accountability
9 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSIONCENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIACOMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA
10 LEGAL FRAMEWORK The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 The Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002Extradition Act, 1962The Representation of Peoples Act, 1950The Right to Information Act, 2005The Companies Act, 1956Conduct Rules
11 Action Plan against Corruption Preventive VigilanceConduct Rules – Sanctions for violationsElaborate proceduresPrinciples of Natural JusticeVigilance Clearance for AppointmentsSystemic ReformsSurveillance and DetectionInspection / Pre-auditIdentifying suspect corrupt elements.List of Officers of Doubtful Integrity.Property Returns
12 Deterrent Punitive Action Action Plan ContinuedDeterrent Punitive ActionSanctions under All India Services Conduct RulesSanctions for criminal misconduct and other actsPrevention of Corruption Act, 1988Code of Criminal Procedure and Indian Penal CodeClose Monitoring
13 Citizens’ CharterCitizens’ Charters publicize services to members of the public, commitment of the organization, expected standards of service delivery, timeframe, grievance redressal mechanism.Are a tool of public scrutiny to ensure accountability.35 Central Government Ministries and Departments have formulated 127 Citizens’ Charters.683 Citizens’ Charters have been brought out by 24 State Governments/Union Territories.
14 Empowering the Civil Services Stability of TenurePerformance Appraisal SystemMid–Career Training ProgrammeProtection for bona fide actions taken by Civil Servants.Public Services Bill
15 Public Services Bill Objective: Components: To formulate Code of Ethics & Public service Management CodeTo provide a statutory basis for regulation of Public Services under Article 309Components:Public Service ValuesCode of EthicsPublic Service Management CodePerformance Management System and AccountabilityPublic Service Authority
16 PM’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration Scheme to acknowledge outstanding performance of civil servants; focus on innovations, efficient service delivery, crisis management, leadership qualities etc.Officers of Central and State Governments eligible.Award to comprise of a medal, a scroll and cash amount to be given by the Prime Minister on January 26 every year.Nominations to be made by Government Departments, NGOs and other stakeholders.Selection Process made rigorous and transparent - Committee chaired by Cabinet Secretary with persons from outside the government.
17 Right to InformationTo ensure availability & accessibility to information and bring out transparency in Government.Right to Information Act applicable from October 2005.Empowers the citizen to seek information from Public Authorities.22 States have constituted Information Commissions under Section 15 of the Act.
18 FINAL WORD Out of Box Approach Paradigm Shift Inculcate culture of performance: appreciate/ recognize positivesFocus on outputs and outcomesReengineer business processes and leverage technology for eliminating public interfaceProvide sharing platforms for replication of best practicesMake islands of integrity grow beyond influence of individuals: systemic reformsCreate Research & Development CellsParadigm Shift
19 PARADIGM SHIFT Universal high standards Hit & miss Diversity ChoiceCustomers/citizensOutcomesData and best practiceIncentivesFlexibilityLook outwardsHit & missUniformityProvisionProducersInputs“Received wisdom”RegulationDemarcationLook upComfortableDemanding
20 Last Thought Ah! but a man’s reach should exceed his grasp. Or what’s heaven for?-Robert Browning