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SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF LARGE-SCALE DRIP IRRIGATION PROJECTS CIPA 2012 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT.

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Presentation on theme: "SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF LARGE-SCALE DRIP IRRIGATION PROJECTS CIPA 2012 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT."— Presentation transcript:

1 SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF LARGE-SCALE DRIP IRRIGATION PROJECTS CIPA 2012 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT AMONG SMALLHOLDERS Prof. Aviad E. Raz, PhD, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel Naty Barak, Chief Sustainability Officer, Netafim

2 ABOUT NETAFIM, DRIP TECHNOLOGY & WATER GOOD PRACTICES SUMMARY AGENDA

3  Founded in 1965 at Kibbutz Hatzerim – introduced breakthrough drip irrigation concept  Born out of a need to make Israel’s desert bloom  Ag2Ag business model  Global leader in drip and micro-irrigation solutions  Permira funds acquired majority stake (Sept. 2011) NETAFIM AT A GLANCE 3 Kibbutz Hatzerim THEN NOW

4 27 subsidiaries 13 manufacturing plants GLOBAL PRESENCE

5 DRIP IRRIGATION ADVANTAGES Irrigating the Plant, Not the Soil  Optimizes moisture and aeration conditions  Ensures precise quantities of water and nutrients directly to root zone  Reduces release of gases to atmosphere caused by imprecise fertilizer usage  Increases yields and enhances productivity per unit of soil and water

6 FLOOD & FURROW IRRIGATION DISADVANTAGES  Water source depletion and contamination, excessive use of chemicals  Greenhouse gases emitted to the environment boosting a warming trend

7 7 Source: ICID – CIID 15% 4% Flooding - 79% Drip IrrigationSprinklers (2%)Mechanized 70% of world’s available water goes to agriculture 17% of all cultivated areas are irrigated 79% of irrigated areas use flooding Saving 15% in water for agricultural use will more than double available water for domestic use Industrial 20% 70% 10% Domestic Agriculture GLOBAL WATER USAGE

8 ABOUT NETAFIM, DRIP TECHNOLOGY & WATER GOOD PRACTICES SUMMARY AGENDA

9  Name: Andhra Pradesh Micro-Irrigation Project  Project area: 434,352 ha  Project cost: $249 million  No. of participants: 187,000 farmers (March 2008) with plots of 1 hectare and above  Crops: Fruits, vegetables, spices, field crops  Governmental support: Subsidies of 50%-70% of drip irrigation equipment value  Banking support: loans GOOD PRACTICE: INDIA’S APMIP

10 WATER SAVINGS APMIP IMPACT 26 to 50% savings (50.79%) 0 to 25% savings (21.07%) 51 to 75% savings (20.14%) No savings (4.45%) 76 to 100% savings (3.55%) YIELD INCREASE 26 to 50% increase (41.78%) 0 to 25% increase (27.56%) 51 to 75% increase (20.21%) No yield increase (6.13%) 76 to 100% increase (4.32%)

11 APMIP: DRIPPING WITH SOCIAL CHANGE APMIP field study data provided by Prof. Aviad Raz, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel Background slides provided by Dr. V. Praveen Rao (India), Manager Agro Knowledge, Netafim India

12 Andhra Pradesh government spent large sums to build water infrastructure and bring water to the farm gate

13 TRADITIONAL FLOODING (SURFACE IRRIGATION) At the farm level, water use via flooding is inefficient. The way the farm uses water can significantly impact on achieved results

14 APMIP: GOVERNMENT VISION  Increased productivity from available land, water, fertilizer and labor – productive agriculture  Higher energy efficiency in agriculture sector  Reduced cost of production  Enhanced farm profitability  Greater environmental stewardship  Preserved social fabric of rural communities

15 APMIP PROJECT DETAILS Project cost$257 million Project area247,000 ha Area taken up in Phase 1194,000 ha NABARD assistance$128.5 million Farmer’s share$128.5 million Andhra Pradesh government (GoAP) subsidy 60% (for drip) & 50% (for sprinkler) of system cost with a ceiling of Rs. 50,000 per farmer Number of mandals879 in 22 districts StakeholdersFarmers, Collectors/PDs; DWMAs Horticulture, Agriculture, Sericulture & Sugar Departments; Bankers; Micro-Irrigation Companies; Monitoring & Evaluation Agencies, APMIP Cells

16 SECTORS & CROPS HORTICULTURE AGRICULTURE SERICULTURE SUGAR Fruits, vegetables, flowers, plantation crops, spices, medicinal & aromatic crops Cotton, corn, peanuts, soybean, pulses, sunflower, fodders… Mulberry Sugarcane SECTORS & CROPS

17 APMIP UNIQUENESS There are various constraints when it comes to introducing drip irrigation in developing countries:  Financial investment is required for installation, training, and maintenance  Efficient administrative framework inter-connecting the government, banks, farmers, and micro-irrigation companies is required

18 APMIP UNIQUENESS (cont’d.) 1.Uniform subsidy pattern to farmers 2.Agronomic and after-sales service 3.5-year warranty for materials supplied by MI companies 4.Training and capacity building of farmers and stakeholders 5.Penalties for violation of responsibilities and quality control 6.Independent monitoring and evaluation of installed MI systems and agri-extension services by external agency Combining capitalistic incentives for private companies with collective regulations, the APMIP created a system of competition among private micro-irrigation (MI) companies in a government-regulated environment to ensure smallholder benefits.

19 GROUP INTERVIEW WITH APMIP SMALLHOLDERS

20 2007 APMIP FIELD STUDY  Interview subjects – 27 smallholders in three APMIP districts with at least one year of experience working with Netafim drip systems – APMIP officials, area managers and dealers  Key performance indicators (KPIs) – farmer satisfaction – crop improvement – plot size expansion

21 2007 APMIP FIELD STUDY FINDINGS  Satisfaction level regarding training was generally high (although fertigation training was perceived as less successful due to problems of market applicability)  Drip led to significant yield improvements in all crops, with sugarcane productivity showing the greatest change Traditional vs. Drip Irrigation Yield by Crop CropYield with traditional irrigation method (tons) Yield with drip irrigation (tons) % change Sweet Orange Rice Vegetables78+14 Sugarcane

22 DistrictOriginal plot with traditional irrigation (acres) Current plot with drip irrigation (acres) Average coefficient of change Nalgonda Medak Rangareddy  The move to drip enabled farmers to expand plot size by an average of ~2.5 times  All smallholders who increased plot size, installed drip systems in the new area. Such expansion also represented for many a gradual shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture. Traditional vs. Drip Irrigation Plot Size by District 2007 APMIP FIELD STUDY FINDINGS (cont’d.)

23 Sample size = 6,000 farmers Data provided by Dr. V. Praveen Rao APMIP – YIELD IMPROVEMENT BY CROP

24 DRIP IRRIGATION AND SOCIAL CHANGE Drip’s unique advantages – water savings, increased crop yield, and individualized technological control – have led to tremendous social change, especially in developing countries and peripheries  Jordan Valley: Drip led to 10 times increase in crop yields and water savings of 50% for farmers. As a result, they were able to buy the land they were leasing, dramatically increasing their quality of life.  Netafim’s Family Drip System™: FDS TM changed the life of hundreds of smallholders in Niger and Zimbabwe, enabling single women to gain economic independence through farming.  APMIP mega-project: Drip led to plot expansion and a shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture for thousands of smallholders in India. EXAMPLES FROM NETAFIM’S OVER 45 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE INCLUDE:

25 THESE PROJECTS ARE NOT JUST ABOUT DRIP IRRIGATION, BUT ALSO THE TRANSFER AND CAPACITY BUILDING OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY FOR A BETTER LIFE

26 GOOD PRACTICE: YELLOW RIVER, CHINA  Zhongwei City, Ningxia Province, China  System deliverable: Turnkey irrigation system  Project size: 2,000 hectares of desert land  No. of participants: Over 6,000 farmers  Plot size: Small parcels (~2.5 ha)  Crops: Chinese dates and watermelons  Land maximization: Watermelons were grown between date tree rows, enabling income until maturity of dates

27 YELLOW RIVER PROJECT IMPACT  Reduced amount of water pumped from river, providing cities downstream with water  Improved quality of life for farmers by increasing their agriculture-based income and slowed down migration to cities, a phenomenon accompanied by poverty, increased social unrest and higher crime rate  Reduced amount of water used for agriculture, leaving more water for domestic and other uses  Improved use of marginal land for agriculture  Halted desertification, a serious challenge for China  Partners: Farmers, multi-level government offices (i.e. village, county, province, central)

28 GOOD PRACTICE: KITUI, KENYA  Area: Kamale and Wingoo water catchment zones in the Nzambani District in the semi-arid Eastern Province  Participants: 200 poor small-scale vegetable growers (mostly women and elderly people who could not continue practicing bucket irrigation)  Solution: Family Drip System™ (FDS™)  Partners: FAO (main donor), Amiran Kenya, Kenya’s Ministry of Agriculture, Agrosphere (NGO)

29 KITUI IMPACT  140% increase in harvested yield  200% increase in income  80% increase in vegetable-growing capacity and know-how (via pre-post training impact test tool)  65% increase in basic farm management know-how (via pre-post training impact test tool)  60% water savings due to shift from bucket to drip irrigation

30 AGENDA ABOUT NETAFIM, DRIP TECHNOLOGY & WATER GOOD PRACTICES SUMMARY

31  Investments in agriculture are critical for food security and poverty reduction  Private investments can benefit poor farmers in rural farming areas  Public investments are essential in attracting private-sector investment  UN agencies can play a central role in building partnerships and attracting investments  Partnerships bear fruit (e.g. governments, NGOs, private sector, farmers) Tangible Results  Shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture  Capacity building through training and know-how transfer  Creation of knowledgeable agricultural society

32 EVERY DROP COUNTS Picture: Alexandra Boulat

33 THANK YOU 33


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