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Confucianism (Introductory Powerpoint) “He who learns but does not think is lost; he who thinks but does not learn is in danger.”

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Presentation on theme: "Confucianism (Introductory Powerpoint) “He who learns but does not think is lost; he who thinks but does not learn is in danger.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Confucianism (Introductory Powerpoint) “He who learns but does not think is lost; he who thinks but does not learn is in danger.”

2 Growth of Chinese influence Expansion of patterns of thought and administration: –Confucianism –Writing system –Buddhism –Imperial/bureaucratic government--virtuous rule, virtuous ministers Columbia University, East Asian Curriculum Project, "China: A Teaching Workbook". Updated December 1, Accessed September 6, 2001.

3 Patterns in Chinese History Agrarian economy Social nexus –Family/household –Village/ward; county;province –Religious sects; secret societies; mercantile guilds Dynastic cycle –Mandate of Heaven Unity and Disunity Southern expansion Invasion from the North Source: /china_agricultural_86.jpg

4 Geographical delimitations Columbia University, East Asian Curriculum Project, "China: A Teaching Workbook" John King Fairbank and Merle Goldman, China: A New History, enl. ed. (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998)

5 Emergence of “Chinese” kingdoms Skinner’s macro-regions From “A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization,” Patricia Buckley Ebrey. g.htm accessed 1/21/05) g.htm

6 Shang to Zhou arshang.htm m

7 Confucian thought (adapted from “Confucian thought” website : Natural harmony linking man, nature, cosmos--man within nature (not against nature) Mandate of Heaven --reference to sage king rule Filial piety and the Five Relationships Moral role of government –Ruler as virtuous exemplar –Cultivation of virtue among the people Humaneness (ren or jen) 仁 and the perfectability of man--the “gentleman” (junzi) and “rites” (li) –Mencius –Xun Zi

8 The gentleman (junzi) and rites (li) Translations from Columbia Univ. webcourse, “East Asia in World History,” Tzu-kung (one of Confucius's disciples) asked about the superior man. "He acts before he speaks and then speaks according to his action," Confucius said. (2:15) Confucius said, "The superior man understands righteousness; the inferior man understands profit." (4:16) Confucius said, "I do not enlighten those who are not eager to learn, nor arouse those who are not anxious to give an explanation themselves. If I have presented one corner of the square and they cannot come back to me with the other three, I should not go over the points again." (7:8)

9 In America's ideal of freedom, the public interest depends on private character, on integrity and tolerance toward others, and the rule of conscience in our own lives. Self-government relies, in the end, on the governing of the self. That edifice of character is built in families, supported by communities with standards, and sustained in our national life by the truths of Sinai, the Sermon on the Mount, the words of the Koran, and the varied faiths of our people. Americans move forward in every generation by reaffirming all that is good and true that came before--ideals of justice and conduct that are the same yesterday, today, and forever. --George W. Bush, U.S. Presidential Inaugural address, 1/20/2005


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