Presentation on theme: "The Federal Court System"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Federal Court System CHAPTER 114/9/2017CHAPTER 11The Federal Court SystemSection 1: The Lower CourtsSection 2: The Supreme CourtSection 3: The Courts and the Public GoodThe Federal Court System
2 Section 1: The Lower Courts Objectives:What are the role and the authority of the lower courts?How are the lower courts organized?How are the lower-court judges selected?
3 Section 1: The Lower Courts The role of the lower courts:resolving disputessetting precedentsinterpreting the law
4 Section 1: The Lower Courts The authority of the lower courts to hear the initial trial—original jurisdiction—of cases involving:the Constitution and federal lawsdiplomatstreatiesthe U.S. governmentstate governmentscitizens of other countries or of more than one state
5 Section 1: The Lower Courts Organization of the lower courts:district courtsappeals courtsspecial courts
6 Section 1: The Lower Courts Process by which the lower-court judges are selected:selected by the Department of Justice or White House staffersapproved or disapproved by the Senate
7 Section 2: The Supreme Court Objectives:How has the role of the Supreme Court changed over time?How are the Supreme Court justices appointed, and what are their terms of office?How does the Supreme Court operate?
8 Section 2: The Supreme Court Changes in role of the Supreme Court:powers grew to include judicial reviewinfluence over the executive and legislative branches’ ability to pursue specific public policies increased
9 Section 2: The Supreme Court Appointment process of Supreme Court justices:The president appoints them.The Senate approves or rejects the appointees.Terms of office:Justices can serve for life.Each annual session lasts approximately eight months.
10 Section 2: The Supreme Court Operation of the Supreme Court:Lawyers file a written brief.Justices hear oral arguments.They have conferences to discuss the case and prepare their opinions.Justices announce their decision.
11 Section 3: The Courts and the Public Good Objectives:What are the issues raised by judicial activism and judicial restraint?How can the courts’ power be checked?
12 Section 3: The Courts and the Public Good Issues raised by judicial activism and judicial restraint:Federal judges overstep their powers through judicial activism.If federal judges exercise judicial restraint, then the minority views and rights may go unheard and unprotected.
13 Section 3: The Courts and the Public Good Ways the courts’ power can be checked:appointment process of justicescongressional power to pass amendmentsrefusal of states or individuals to obey judicial decisions
14 Chapter Wrap-Up1. Describe the organization of the lower federal courts.2. What is the selection process for lower-court judges?3. How has the Supreme Court’s power changed since the late 1700s?4. Describe the process a case goes through in the Supreme Court.
15 Chapter Wrap-Up5. How do the executive and legislative branches check the Supreme Court’s power?6. What are some common criticisms of the judiciary?