Presentation on theme: "4 ZAKAT / FITRAH The Zakat is an obligatory tax for those who can afford it. It is intended to achieve social justice in the community. It is 2.5% of the."— Presentation transcript:
4 ZAKAT / FITRAH The Zakat is an obligatory tax for those who can afford it. It is intended to achieve social justice in the community. It is 2.5% of the value of one’s wealth and is to be paid annually. The contribution of Fitrah is obligatory for all Muslims and is given during Ramadan.
3. Zakat a. Zakat Fitrah (Zakat Bodily) performed during Hari Raya Idul Fitri b. Zakat Mal (Zakat properties) Dan dirikanlah kamu akan sembahyang dan keluarkanlah zakat, dan rukuklah kamu semua bersama-sama orang-orang yang rukuk. QS. 2 : 43 And be steadfast in prayer; practise regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship). QS. 2 : 43
Zakat Explanation During the time of the prophet zakat means religion tax obligation. Like prayer, zakat is a form of worship. Zakat symbolize social responsibility where an islamic follower who is wealthy must remember those who are poorer. Zakat determine fix portion from a Moslem's property for the community prosperity in general and the poor specifically. This tax is often collected by government, yet when there is no governmental system that regulate it, this tax should be performed by the Muslim community on their own. Beside this, all Moslems are encouraged to give to the poor voluntarily. Giving money to poor fakir and conducting shalat usually mentioned together in Al- Qur'an, because both are visible manifestation/proof for someone Islamic faith
Zakat Verses Surah 2:261 – “ The parable of those who spend their substance in the way of Allah is that of a grain of corn: it groweth seven ears, and each ear Hath a hundred grains. Allah giveth manifold increase to whom He pleaseth: And Allah careth for all and He knoweth all things. ” Surah 2:271 - “ If ye disclose (acts of) charity, even so it is well, but if ye conceal them, and make them reach those (really) in need, that is best for you: It will remove from you some of your (stains of) evil. And Allah is well acquainted with what ye do. ” Surah 9:103 - “ Of their goods, take alms, that so thou mightest purify and sanctify them; and pray on their behalf. Verily thy prayers are a source of security for them: And Allah is One Who heareth and knoweth.” NB: How many zakat which is set by Al Qur’an? None!
Punishment for those who does not pay Zakat According to Abu Hurairaih, Rasulullah SAW said,"Whoever granted by Allah wealth yet does not give out the zakat, on the judgement day, he will be visited by a very poisonous and scary bald male snake with 2 dots above its eyes, which wrap and bite his neck and shouts, " I am your wealth, I am your wealth that you accumulated in the past" (Hadith Bukhari) In another Hadith, Rasulullah SAW said, "Owner of gold or silver who does not fulfil his obligation, the gold and silver on the day of judgement will be made into ironing tool, which is heated up by the fire of hell, and then rubbed to his rub, face and back for 50 thousand years, until complete the calculation with other people, to see if he will enter heaven or hell. And owner of cow or goat who does not fulfil his obligation, then on judgement day, those animals will be trampling and barging on him, as soon as one finish, another will come to do the same until finish the calculation with others, to see if he enter heaven or hell." (HR Muslim) (Quoted and translated from “Hukuman Tidak Membayar Zakat,” ( punishment of not paying zakat) by KH Hilman Rosyad Syihab Lc., Dewan Syariah Dompet Peduli Ummat Daarut Tauhlid, published Republika Newspaper, Monday, 16 June 2003, Manajemen Qolbu, Hal 1.)
Bible’s teaching on zakat/amal/sedekah –Mat 6:1-4 –Proverbs 14:31 –KPR 10:4 –Eph. 4:28 –Jam. 2:15-17 –Jer. 7:19 –Mk 12:38-44 According to these verses from the Bible, what are the important things in giving to the poor? What punishments are given to those who do not give?
4. Fasting Meaning of the one month fasting is to self- restraint, not eating and drinking, do not have sexual relationship from the rise of sun till the set of the sun Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Kamu diwajibkan berpuasa sebagaimana diwajibkan atas orang-orang yang dahulu daripada kamu, supaya kamu bertaqwa. - QS. 2 : 183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,- QS. 2 : 183
3 PUASA Obligatory fasting during their holy month of Ramadan, the 9 th month of the Islamic calendar
Mengapa Orang Islam Berpuasa The main function of fasting is to purify a moslem from “inside” while Syariah purify him from “outside”. With purity as such, he will respond to righteousness and avoid unrighteous ness and evil. This we can learn from Sura 2:183. “Hai orang-orang yang beriman, diwajibkan atas kamu berpuasa sebagaimana diwajibkan atas orang-orang sebelum kamu agar kamu bertaqwa (menjadi suci).” “ O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,- ”
Other functions of fasting Fasting is also considered important on these matters: 1.Conquer desire (hunger, thirst, lust, etc.) 2.To feel the feeling of hunger 3.Self-restraint from swearing, lying, cheating and being rough or hurting others. 4.Solidify Islamic Solidarity
Ramadan Special Blessing Ten last days of Ramadhan month is considered very holy because there is a remembrance of the night where Muhammad accept the first revelation from Allah. On the last day, the coming of crescent month, announce the end of Ramadhan. On that night, blessing from Allah came down to the Moslems, and in feeling joy of victory that they have achieved, they start three days of celebration which is called Idul Fitri, Perayaan Buka Puasa. To tighten the social ties, Islam put into practice Zakat Fitri, which is obligation in form of food or money for the poor fakirs, so that they to can share the joy of Idul Fitri.