2Monarch Titles: King, Queen, Czar, Czarina, Emperor, Empress FORMS OF GOVERNMENTMONARCHIESALL MONARCHS GAIN POWER THROUGH BLOODLINE!!!!!!!THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF MONARCHIESConstitutional Monarchs: monarchs DO NOT have total control over the government. Monarch’s powers are limited by a Constitution or Parliament (legislature elected by the people of the nation)Absolute Monarchs: monarchs have full control over the government. There are NO LIMITS on the powers of an absolute monarch.Most Monarchs believed in the Devine Right of Kings—the belief that they were chosen to lead by GodMonarch Titles: King, Queen, Czar, Czarina, Emperor, Empress
3FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Dictatorships Dictators typically gain power through MILITARY FORCECoup d Etat: military overthrow of the governmentExamples: Adolf Hitler in Germany, Vladimir Lenin in Russia, Benito Mussolini in ItalyPower of the Dictator: a dictator has complete control over the governmentRights of the People: citizens living under a dictatorship have little to no rightsThe only way to remove a dictator or ABSOLUTE monarch from power is through a revolutionIn some dictatorships citizens have the right to vote on their leader…the problem is they are usually given the choice of only ONE candidate…the dictator currently in charge!
4FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Democracy A Democracy is a government ruled BY THE PEOPLE!!!!!!!There are three types of DemocraciesDirect Democracy: the people of the nation get to directly vote on all matters affecting them.Representative Democracy: the people of a nation elect representatives to make decisions for them. (UNITED STATES)Parliamentary Democracy: Democratic form of government in which the party with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister. (has similar powers to our President)The power of the government in a Democracy is limited by a Constitution that specifically lists the power of the government and REGULAR ELECTIONS where citizens can vote leaders out of office who are not properly doing their job!
5FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Theocracy A Theocracy is a government in which the ruler is also the head of an organized church and uses Church law to govern the countryA theocratic leader has full control over the government and therefore functions like a dictatorship!THER IS NO SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE IN A THEOCRACY!BEST EXAMPLE OF A THEORCACY: The Vatican. Its leader is the head of the nation and the Holy Roman Catholic Church……THE POPE!
6Forms of Government Elections B. revolution C. civil war D. secession Lets look at a couple samples of how questions look on the OGT that will test your knowledge of Forms of Government.A lot of the questions will test your knowledge of the similarities and differences between the different forms of government!ElectionsB. revolutionC. civil warD. secessionWhat method is typically used by citizens in parliamentary andpresidential democracies to achieve governmental change?
7Forms of GovernmentLets look at a couple samples of how questions look on the OGT that will test your knowledge of Forms of Government.A lot of the questions will test your knowledge of the similarities and differences between the different forms of government!from a theocracy to anabsolute monarchyB. from a presidential democracyto a dictatorshipC. from a dictatorship to aconstitutional monarchyD. from a parliamentarydemocracy to a theocracyA government was chosen by themajority party in the legislature. Thepeople revolted and established anew government in which the rulerwas chosen by religious elders andused power to enforce religious law.How did the system of governmentchange?
8Forms of Government Which characteristic makes a Lets look at a couple samples of how questions look on the OGT that will test your knowledge of Forms of Government.A lot of the questions will test your knowledge of the similarities and differences between the different forms of government!an official state religionB. the presence of a noble classC. a ruler who inherits powerby birthD. laws which limit the power ofthe rulerWhich characteristic makes aconstitutional monarchy different from an absolute monarchy?
9POTENTIAL WRITTEN RESPONSE Forms of GovernmentLets look at a couple samples of how questions look on the OGT that will test your knowledge of forms of government. The following is an example of a 2 point writing question on the OGT.A group of citizens organizes apeaceful march through the streetsof their nation’s capital. They carrysigns calling for the nation’s leaderto resign.Describe how likely this type ofprotest could be held in apresidential democracy and in adictatorship. Explain the reason forthese differences.Write your answer in the AnswerDocument. (2 points)POTENTIAL WRITTEN RESPONSEThis type of protest would be allowed in a presidential democracy because citizens have freedoms of speech guaranteed under a Constitution.This type of protest would never be allowed under a dictatorship because people do not have many rights and would be punished for speaking out against the government .