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Americans on the Home Front

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1 Americans on the Home Front
Chapter 19 Section 4 Americans on the Home Front

2 Liberty Bonds Special bonds to support the war effort
They could later be redeemed for the original value of the bond plus interest Raised more than $20 billion

3 Price Controls A system of pricing determined by the government
Used on food prices Implemented by the Food Administration led by Herbert Hoover

4 Rationing Distributing food to consumers in a fixed amount
Hoover had the power to use rationing, but decided to make all civilian sacrifices voluntary instead

5 What were three ways that the government intervened in the economy to help the war effort?
Liberty bonds Rationing Price controls Daylight savings time New Agencies, like the War Industries Board

6 Describe some of the changes that wartime brought to the workplace?
Women worked in jobs traditionally held by men

7 Daylight Savings Time Turning clock ahead 1 hour
Maximize work that can be done in daylight Reduced need for artificial light Lowered fuel costs

8 Propaganda Information used in order to sway public opinion
During the war, the government developed the Committee on Public Information in order to convince people to support the war

9 How does this poster depict German soldiers?
They are not depicted as human Savage Bloodthirsty

10 Sedition Any speech or action that encourages rebellion

11 What was the purpose of the Sedition Act?
Made it illegal to obstruct the sale of liberty bonds or to discuss anything “disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive” about the American form of government, the Constitution, or the army and navy.

12 Why did many people have a problem with the Sedition Act?
It violated the 1st Amendment’s guarantee of freedom of speech Convicted more than 1,000 people Some sent to prison for 10 years or more

13 How did the government deal with newspapers, magazines, and movies during the war?
The government censored the press and banned certain films Challenged any media influences that threatened the war effort Took away mail privileges, etc…

14 How did the government control political radicals?
By implementing the Sedition Act Having law enforcement hound various groups and individuals (such as the IWW) Vigilantes even punished some radicals on their own

15 Vigilante Citizens who take the law into their own hands

16 How did business replace the workers that the military draft had taken away?
They allowed, women, Mexicans, and African Americans to take over the work Mexicans were actually encouraged to immigrate to the U.S. to work African Americans move from southern farms to northern cities in order to find factory work

17 What impact did the war have on minorities and women?
New jobs available Seemed to be the beginning of some major social change Women were ultimately rewarded with the 19th Amendment

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