Presentation on theme: "The Levels of Government"— Presentation transcript:
1The Levels of Government FederalProvincialMunicipal
2Canada has a Federal System of government. What does this mean?We have more than one level of government!In fact, we have 3:FederalProvincialMunicipal
3The Federal Government This is the level of government that is responsible for issues that are important to all Canadians. These are issues that are best handled nationally.The federal government is lead by the Prime Minister and is based in the capital city of Canada, Ottawa.The federal government has three key components:The House of CommonsThe SenateThe Governor General
4The Provincial Government This is the level of government that is responsible for issues that are important in one province or territory. These are usually issues that are best handled locally.The provincial government is lead by the Premier and is based in the capital city of each province (in BC, that would be Victoria).The provincial government has two key components:The Legislative AssemblyThe Lieutenant Governor
5The Municipal Government This is the level of government that is responsible for issues that are important in one town or city.The municipal government is lead by the Mayor.The municipal government has one key component:The city or town council*It is important to remember that many Aboriginal bands have their own form of local government. This is lead by a Chief and a Band Council.
6The three levels of government have different responsibilities!
8What is the federal government responsible for? National DefenceForeign PolicyAboriginal AffairsPostal ServicesBanking SystemCriminal LawMarriage and Divorce LawFederal Prisons
9What is the provincial government responsible for? EducationHealth Services and HospitalsLicencesHighwaysProvincial Police and PrisonsProvincial CourtsCharities
10The federal and provincial governments also share some responsibilities: ImmigrationAgricultureHealth CareNatural ResourcesEnvironmental Issues
11What is the municipal government responsible for? Garbage CollectionSewage TreatmentWater SupplyEstablishment of SchoolsFire Protection
12Residual PowersAt the time of Confederation (1867), the people who created Canada decided that all residual (leftover) powers should be left to the federal government.This is why the federal government is also responsible forTelecommunicationsInformation Services